A comprehensive guide to CBD oil percentages and doses. Learn all about CBD oil concentrations and find out how they can be calculated and understood. The article also presents different factors that can affect CBD oil dosage. This consumer guide tells you all you need to know about buying and taking CBD, from finding brands you can trust to getting the right dosage for your needs.
CBD Oil Percentages and Dosage: All About CBD Concentrations
Since CBD, or cannabidiol, is a fairly new product on the market, there is no information about a strict dosage recommended or regulated by the European Medicines Agency. Usually, the estimated dosage is calculated based on the type of product you are using, so CBD producers provide this information in the instructions. Even though the use of CBD has been researched carefully, the dose may still depend on various factors. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore and explain all these factors so you can figure out your dose of CBD oil and to choose the product that can suit you most.
1. Understanding CBD oil concentrations
The concentration of CBD oil is the amount of the active compound in the mixture. Producers of CBD drops generally define the CBD concentration by percentage or milligrams. When purchasing Marry Jane drops, you will need to choose the desired concentration, which will be marked both in percentage and milligrams. You can find seven different options: 5% (500 mg), 10% (1000 mg), 15% (1500 mg), 20% (2000 mg), 25% (2500 mg) or 30% (3000 mg) in 10 ml CBD drops or 50% (2500 mg) in a 5 ml CBD extract .
2. Calculating the concentration per dose
To offer you a proper example of how to calculate the CBD concentration per dose, let’s look at the Marry Jane 1 ml extract at 50% concentration. We’re going to need to do some maths. Since we know that a 1 ml glass syringe holds a capacity of 10 doses, we can calculate the amount of the extract per dose, which would be 100 mg.
If the extract holds a 50% concentration, that means that each dose will have a 50% concentration, which leads us to 50 mg CBD concentration per dose.
To sum up, to calculate the concentration per dose, you need to know the number of doses that your oil holds and the amount of mg per drop. As for 10 ml CBD oils, the number of drops per 1 ml will be substantially higher compared to the glass syringe, which reaches around 20 drops. A well-designed dropper bottle will allow you to take CBD in smaller doses or add it to your daily meals.
Over the upcoming sections, we will describe four different doses of CBD oil in more detail.
3. 500 mg CBD 10 ml drops
This Marry Jane product has the lowest concentration of CBD among our oils. It’s a good option for beginners or those who are taking CBD as a wellness product for strengthening the immune system. It also might be a solid choice if the user combines different CBD products to reach the daily dose. If taken in moderation, the effects of these drops can be mild and not that distinct.
4. 1000-1500 mg CBD 10 ml drops
This one might be good both for beginners and those continuing CBD consumption. The drops can help to deal with sleep problems or general anxiety. They can also be paired with other low percentage CBD products (CBD vape or edibles). Depending on the individual user, the effects might be mild or more distinct.
5. 2000-3000 mg CBD 10 ml drops
These drops, with the highest concentration amount among our CBD oils, may suit those who are continuing to take CBD or those who require higher concentrations because of their metabolism. They might be good for athletes dealing with muscle soreness and pain symptoms. The drops might also be good for those taking relatively high doses. One study indicates that patients suffering from epilepsy were taking around 10–12 mg per kg and could experience improvements in seizure frequency.
6. 2500 mg CBD 5 ml extract
So, as CBD extract is less diverse in its components than full-spectrum CBD oils, it is no surprise that the former has a bigger concentration of CBD inside. The product we are talking about here has 50% CBD. According to the study, high concentration extracts can be used by experienced users or those suffering from severe pain or mental health problems . Additionally, such extracts can also be used for cooking CBD-infused meals or baking for multiple people. Although you should not use CBD extract as a replacement for cooking oil, nor should you heat it at extreme temperatures of more than 100°C. For better processing of the CBD isolate, please don’t take the extract on an empty stomach and add fatty ingredients like oils, butter, fatty dairy products, etc., to your meal.
You can see how diverse a range of CBD products by Marry Jane can be. With potential benefits on one side, another factor is the side effects that CBD may have. Taking CBD oil can lead to the following side effects : drowsiness, gastrointestinal issues, dry mouth, nausea, liver damage, changes in alertness, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, lung diseases and medication interactions.
It’s also essential to remember that frequency and probability of a particular side effect can depend on the way CBD is consumed. For example, lung diseases are more frequent if you inhale CBD oil.
It’s critical not to overestimate yourself and, if you are new to CBD, start with smaller doses, consecutively increasing it if necessary.
Additionally, to avoid fraud and inconsistency in actual concentration, choose only trustworthy producers and ask for third-party testing results of the products.
7. Factors that can affect CBD dosage
We all are different, and CBD may affect our bodies differently. In this section, we would like to tell you about various factors that can affect your choice of the right CBD dosage.
It may sound strange, but yes, hormonal differences between men and women can cause differences in the possible effects of CBD.
- Bodyweight and personal health state
Depending on your body weight and health state, the dosage might slightly change. Although the normal dose can vary between 20 and 40 mg a day , it can be different for some people with lower body weight.
The dosage may depend on how you take CBD. For example, when inhaled the effect may be achieved quite fast, but if taken with food it may take much longer for CBD to kick in.
Another point is your goal and why you turned to CBD. Some people can buy CBD-based products when they want to release stress, beat insomnia or treat anxiety . If you choose CBD products to deal with insomnia, the possible dosage you need to take should be high . However, if you want to deal with anxiety issues, the minimum amount of CBD is recommended with increasing it slowly over time.
The amount of CBD you need to take to experience certain effects may also affect your dosage. The strength of the CBD dose can be low, medium, or high. Even though it’s recommended to start slow, there are people who prefer stronger doses from the very beginning.
Always keep in mind that a professional’s opinion is essential when you are planning to take CBD. We kindly remind you about the importance of consulting your doctor before you start consuming CBD.
8. Calculating your CBD dose
We are back to maths. To calculate the optimal CBD dose for your weight, you need to use a formula, and, depending on the strength you want to get, the result slightly varies. The formula for low strength would be 1 mg of pure CBD per 10 pounds or 2 mg per 10 kg. For medium strength, you need 3 mg per 10 pounds or around 7 mg per 10 kg. As for high strength, you should use 6 mg per 10 pounds or 13 mg per 10 kg. If the effects you experience aren’t what you hoped for, you may try increasing or decreasing the dose slightly till you reach the desired result.
The key thing to remember is that when calculating your dosage, you should count the amount of CBD you’re taking, not of the CBD oil in general. The CBD extract is often mixed with fatty ingredients such as coconut oil, hemp seed oil or others to improve the processing of the active compounds in our digestive system and prevent upset stomachs.
Don’t forget that there are some tools including a dosage calculator that can help you find your best CBD dose.
9. Final thoughts
Since the dosage may vary for different people, there isn’t an exact amount of CBD that we can advise you to take. Everyone needs to find their own perfect dosage by starting slowly and increasing it slightly until the desired effect is reached. The formula we give will help you with your CBD venture. Another thing that we can advise is keeping a journal of your CBD doses and their effects so that you would learn which one will be the best for you. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact our team of professionals. They are always on hand to assist you and give the best recommendations they can.
A Consumer’s Guide To CBD
CBD is becoming more and more ubiquitous, you’re probably even seeing it on the shelves of your local pharmacy, health shop or supermarket. Many people claim CBD aids with their general well-being. They say they gain therapeutic relief from CBD for a multitude of conditions including anxiety, sleep disorders and pain relief.
If you are interested in trying CBD for yourself, there are lots of products available, with each one offering a range of reported benefits. We want to help you explore the world of CBD, so you can find a product that works for you. Whether you are a new or experienced CBD user, you’ve likely asked one or several of the questions listed below. This guide will help you better understand the benefits of CBD and ensure you make a sound choice, whether you’re about to make your first purchase or you’ve decided to switch brands.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is what is known as a cannabinoid. A cannabinoid is a substance that is found within hemp and medicinal cannabis. CBD is often compared to THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the main psychoactive component in the cannabis plant. However, CBD has no psychoactive properties, so users can benefit from its effects without feeling “high”.
Hemp has been cultivated for thousands of years and produces strong rope, cloth and paper. Until the craze for CBD products came about, the flowers of industrial hemp were destroyed by farmers. Now it’s the most valuable part of the crop.
People who try CBD are adamant that it has many therapeutic properties which is why it is proving to be so popular. CBD products come in many forms including oils, tablets, drops or balms.
What are the different types of CBD?
By understanding the different types of CBD, you are more likely to find a high-quality product. Here are the 3 main examples of the varying types of CBD available:
Full-spectrum CBD contains most of the compounds found in the hemp plant, including THC. Since THC is not legal in the UK, you won’t be able to find any products with full-spectrum CBD on the UK market.
Broad-spectrum is essentially the same as full-spectrum, minus the THC. While they are the most commonly recognised cannabinoids, CBD and THC are not the only active ingredients in hemp. Having multiple cannabinoids helps support what is known as the ‘entourage effect’ which describes how compounds in the hemp plant can be more effective when working together than when they are isolated from each other.
Isolate is the purest form of CBD out there, with no other active compounds than CBD. While for some people, isolate is the ‘least efficient’ type of CBD, it’s often regarded as the purest and ‘cleanest’. CBD isolate is usually tasteless and odourless and is therefore perfect to use in skincare products.
While these three types of CBD all offer similar desired effects, your experience may be different depending on which exact type of CBD you decide to take. For example, if you switch to CBD isolate having previously taken broad-spectrum, it may seem like the effects are different, almost weaker.
What are the main benefits of CBD?
CBD can be an amazing ingredient to incorporate into your daily routine to help you feel calmer and more balanced.
CBD also has anti-inflammatory properties which can help with different areas of health, such as body aches, skin flare-ups or even gut inflammation. It’s not a miracle ingredient but it can be a serious game changer if you feel like you need a little push to feel more balanced or your ‘full self’ daily.
Will CBD help me sleep?
Absolutely! CBD is an amazing natural sleep aid . Unlike other sleep aids, CBD is not going to help you fall asleep, make you feel drowsy or tired but it will help you get into a deeper and more restorative sleep. While you won’t feel a difference when you take it at night, you’ll wake up feeling recharged and ready for the day ahead.
Is CBD good for stress and anxiety?
Stress and anxiety are the main reasons why people turn to CBD, it has amazing calming properties that will help you feel so much more at peace. A few drops of CBD in the morning can help you take on the day stress-free. You may end up wondering why it took you so long to start taking CBD.
Is CBD good for the skin?
Redness, flare-ups, occasional acne… if you’ve tried skincare products that haven’t delivered results, you might want to try and use a CBD skincare product. If your skin issues have persisted for a long time, it might be time for you to consult a dermatologist who will help you figure out what might be wrong with your skin.
If the issues are less chronic and more occasional, try adding a CBD skincare product to your routine. Now, make sure it says CBD on the product and not just hemp or hemp oil, otherwise, you will not see many results.
Are there any other potential benefits of CBD?
CBD is still a fairly new ingredient and supplement that’s still being researched. We’re discovering new potential benefits and effects all the time. And the thing with CBD is that we all have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that responds differently to CBD, mostly based on what our body needs.
If CBD comes from cannabis is it legal?
Growing hemp is legal in Europe, providing you have a license from your government. As hemp plants only contain very low levels of THC, you shouldn’t have any issues buying CBD products.
Will I get high or feel strange when I take CBD?
No, you cannot get high from consuming CBD as it is not “psychoactive”, which as previously mentioned is a term used to describe intoxicating or addictive substances.
Instead, CBD promotes feelings of well-being. Most people who take CBD report feelings of focus, calm and relaxation. As CBD will not get you high, it means it is perfectly safe (and legal) to drive or go about your daily business after consuming a CBD product.
What CBD products are there?
CBD oils : While there are other types of CBD products, CBD oils and tinctures are the most popular and most consumed types of CBD products. It’s a fast-acting and highly absorbing way to take CBD. And bonus, it’s also the most versatile type of CBD product out there. You can take it as a sublingual, drop it in your drinks and even apply it topically.
CBD gummies are meant for those who would rather microdose on their CBD and only take a small amount each time. It’s also a simple and fun way to take CBD. If you’re a CBD beginner, we’d recommend going for gummies, they’re fruity, sweet and pretty low-strength.
Similar to CBD gummies, CBD capsules are also easy to take because the amount of CBD is already pre-measured for you. Most capsules are soft gel capsules, which means that they are filled with CBD oil with everything already pre-measured for you. Capsules are a good option if you’re used to taking supplements and essentially want to make CBD part of your supplement routine.
CBD balms and body oils can serve two different purposes: you can either use them as a skincare product or to help soothe daily pains and aches. Applying CBD topically will help target the area directly and act fast. It’s an amazing product to use after a workout if you’re feeling sore, or even to relax your body at night before going to sleep.
These are the main types of CBD products you can find on the market for now, but just like any other innovative product, we haven’t seen the end of it yet. Right now, we’re starting to see CBD clothing (yes, you read that right) being promoted. Activewear would help reduce inflammation while you are working out. Let’s wait a few years to see the innovations of other types of CBD products that will come out and which ones will stick around!
What CBD product is best for me?
I recommend first buying CBD oil to discover if CBD is right for you. CBD oil is usually sold in a small glass bottle with a dropper. The most cost-effective way to see if CBD oil is right for you is to purchase a 10ml bottle to experiment with.
The percentage of the CBD found within the bottle is marked on the label. Most often CBD oil is 5% or 10% CBD. A 5% oil has half the amount of CBD per drop as a 10% CBD oil so it is cheaper. It’s also worth noting that with a 10% CBD oil you would need to take fewer drops to get the same desired effect as a 5% CBD oil. I advise that you start with a 5% CBD oil and see how your body reacts, before then deciding whether or not to increase your dosage.
How should I take CBD oil?
You consume CBD oil orally. The best way to do this is to put a few drops under your tongue. Don’t swallow right away or drop it on your tongue. You should keep it under your tongue for as long as you can so as much CBD is absorbed into your bloodstream as possible. Start by putting two drops of CBD under your tongue, and keep it there for 5 minutes. You’ll find that it has been absorbed before that time arrives.
How much CBD should I take?
Figuring how much CBD is right for you can be difficult for some. When you buy CBD oil, brands will make it easy for you with as many indications as possible. Most CBD oils have measurements on the dropper to help you have the most precise dosage.
Is it possible to take too much CBD?
As we’ve said earlier, we’re still figuring the ins and outs of CBD and it seems like there are limits to how much CBD some people can take without any side effects. Again, this is not universal as some people can take high amounts and not feel the desired effects. But in the UK, it is recommended to take up to 70mg a day.
Will CBD interact with other medications I’m taking?
Any supplement, CBD included, is meant to help elevate your daily wellbeing and make you feel your best. But it’s recommended to consult a doctor before taking CBD, especially if you’re on a particular course of treatment. We never know if there is going to be an interaction between the different products you take.
Many medications rely on your liver to be processed. As any CBD oil you swallow will also pass through the liver it could potentially alter the effectiveness of your medication. If you are taking medication to reduce your blood pressure or other vital drugs it is essential that you let your doctor know your plans to try CBD.
How many different strengths of CBD are there?
CBD products come in many different forms and strengths. To start feeling effects from a CBD product, a standard dose would be about 20 mg. This could help you feel a little less stressed, more balanced or ease some mild pains and aches.
If you’re looking to buy CBD, minimum strengths tend to range between 300-500mg. You will usually be recommended to take a full dropper to get the standard dosage.
If you’ve never taken CBD before, we’d recommend going for a 500mg CBD oil to start with, or 25mg capsules if this is your preferred method for taking CBD.
How do I find my correct dosage?
The best way to find the dosage that works for you is to start low, monitor the effects and gradually increase until you find a therapeutic benefit. At this point, you will have found the right dosage for you. Keep consuming that dosage until it is time to buy a new bottle.
For example, on day 1 take 2 drops. Continue with this dosage for 2 days and see how you feel. On day 3 increase by a further 2 drops, if you feel you need it. Continue like this until you feel a therapeutic benefit. Congratulations, you have found the best dose for you! The FSA recommends a maximum daily dose of 70mg of CBD per day. LXR 10% CBD oils contain around 4mg of CBD per drop. So this represents a maximum daily dose of 17 drops per day. If you are taking any medication the Foods Standards Agency (FSA) recommend not consuming CBD, especially if you haven’t consulted with a doctor or healthcare professional.
Your dose could vary depending on your weight, sex, genetics or even if you exercised or ate before consuming. Some people are sensitive to CBD whilst others need to consume a lot to feel a benefit. If you experience any adverse effects such as feeling dizzy or lightheaded, stop immediately and talk to your doctor about CBD.
It’s not possible to ‘overdose’ on CBD but there is a point where consuming any more will add no further benefit. Again it is best to start with a low dose and work your way up to avoid consuming more than you need.
Some bottles indicate how many milligrams (mg) of CBD are in the whole bottle whilst others indicate the percentage, I’m confused!
In the UK the recommended maximum dose for CBD is 70mg per day.
The percentage of CBD in an oil can be established by the quantity of the product (for example 10ml) divided by the quantity of CBD (for example 1000mg). 1000mg of CBD is equal to 1ml. So a 10ml bottle of CBD containing 1000mg of CBD is 10% CBD (1ml being 10% of 10ml).
Ideally, the product will be marked with both the percentage and the quantity of CBD in mg to save you having to do the maths. In the example above, a 10ml bottle will hold around 240 drops. This equates to roughly 4mg of CBD per drop (if the product is 10%). That means you’d have to take 17 drops to reach the maximum recommended dose of CBD.
As a guide, 5% CBD is considered low, 10% medium strength and 20%+ a high dose. CBD products are priced accordingly. When comparing prices of CBD products always ensure that you take note of how much CBD is actually in it. A product is often on the cheaper side because it actually contains little CBD.
How do I find a brand that I can trust?
With so many CBD products on the market, it’s important to find brands that you can trust to offer the best quality product. Back in May 2019, The Times newspaper tested 29 CBD oils available in the high street and online. They found that only 38% of them contained the level of CBD that was stated on the label. Consumers deserve to know exactly what is in their CBD, and trustworthy brands will endeavour to be as transparent about the type, strength and quality of their products as possible. There is research you can do to check if what you are buying is worthy of your trust and hard-earned cash. Every time a batch of CBD oil is made it should have a batch number. Each of these batches should be tested by a third-party laboratory. Good manufacturers will display these test results for each batch on their website.
It is illegal for a CBD manufacturer to state any medicinal claims for their product. Therefore, consumers should be wary of any brands that claim that CBD is a ‘wonder cure’ for any manner of illnesses or medical conditions.
Some CBD companies seem to think that as long as the THC content is under 0.2% it is ok. It is not! THC is a controlled substance and it is not legal in any amount without a special license from the Home Office. If a product says it contains “less than 0.2% THC” this is a red flag as it shows not only does the company not understand the law they are actually admitting to breaking it!
There exists an association for the CBD industry called ACI , (Association for the Cannabinoid Industry) which ensures CBD companies are legally compliant and socially responsible. A good sign that a company can be trusted is that they are an ACI member.
About the author
Bill Griffin has been writing about CBD and medicinal cannabis for a decade after he had a medical need for CBD. He is on the Patient Advisory Board of CPASS, who provide support, advocacy and education to patients and healthcare professionals considering medicinal cannabis treatments. Much of Bill’s writing relates to how consumers are being exploited by bad actors in this emerging industry.
He is Managing Director of the CBD company LXR. LXR was created because Bill and co-founders Dr Parveen Bhatarah and Marc Burbidge were fed up of seeing consumers being ripped off. LXR is a member of the ACI and makes 100% natural, high quality CBD products which it sells at an affordable price.