Posted on

medicinal uses of marijuana seeds

Medicinal cannabis

Traditional medicine still can’t do much to improve or relieve certain complaints, such as pain, nausea and loss of appetite. This is when people may start looking for alternative options, including self-medication. Cannabis has been used as medicine to reduce the effects and complaints of certain diseases for quite a while now. It can relieve chronic pain (in case of cancer, phantom pain), muscle spasms in cases of MS, nausea and vomiting (in case of chemotherapy, aids), improvement of appetite and Tourette syndrome. Cannabis is also used for the treatment of alcoholism and heroin addiction, to prevent migraines, muscle tension, poor blood circulation, stress, difficulty in sleeping, sexual complaints and hormonal problems.

Scientific research is still being conducted into the use of medicinal cannabis but more and more information about the efficiency of cannabis has become public and it appears that many people benefit from it. However, not all medical benefits claimed by users can be proven by scientific research. Still, for a number of conditions, there is enough evidence to prescribe the use of cannabis. Although many people claim that they benefit from the use of medicinal cannabis, there are others who state that it has no effect at all. But it’s true of any medicine that affects people differently and for some it is not the right option. It’s also possible that the wrong type of cannabis is used or that the amount administered is too low. Also, the form of administration has an influence on the ultimate effect.

Cannabis as medicine is hard to dose. When you use/smoke or vape medicinal cannabis, you have to pay close attention to the amount you use. The medicinal effects are only indications and are recorded by numerous users. Use them as a guideline and not medical advice. The amount which will have the best effect depends on the person, so start with a low dose and experiment.

Effects of medicinal cannabis

There are several substances present in the cannabis plant which affect the body, such as cannabinoids. The best known substance / cannabinoid is tetradydrocannabinol (THC). In case of a high dosage this substance will make you high, but it is also proven to have a positive effect on nausea, vomiting and pain. It also improves the appetite, which can also help people who have cancer or AIDs. The substance / cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) can also be present in a cannabis plant. You don’t get high from CBD, but it can relieve anxiety attacks and slow down age-related conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Each person has receptors in his brain and nervous system. A receptor is kind of a switch, which can be pressed if the right chemical substances are present in the body. Once pressed, the switch will cause a certain effect. For instance aspirin presses the switch that reduces pain. There are also receptors that become active when there is THC in the body. Other receptors are activated by terpens and flavonoids present in cannabis plants.

Types of administration for cannabis

There are four types of medicinal cannabis available in the Netherlands: Bedrocan, Bedrobinol, Bediol and Bedica. They each have their own composition and strength. Medicinal cannabis can be used in two different ways, namely via the mouth (orally) or into the lungs (inhalation). Oral administration is possible through food and beverages, inhalation by smoking and vaporising. With each type of administration the cannabis is heated in a certain way (cooking tea, smoking, vaping, baking cake). In this way, substances or cannabinoids in the cannabis that are less active become active components.

Posted on

is it illegal to buy marijuana seeds in colorado

Marijuana Seeds in Glenwood Springs CO

As long as you’re using, growing and storing seeds and Weed for medicinal reasons, then you should be fine because most places in America allows it. legislation about this happen at many levels, and sometimes the local regulations go under the radar. Itâ??s always worth finding out the specific rules on Weed farming and use in your area before deciding to buy a strain and appreciating the health benefits. It is rather easy to figure out if a plant can be used by considering a couple of various factors that can make a difference in the usability of the plant. Medical cannabis does not contain psychoactive effects, unlike other kinds of the plant, which makes it unsuitable for being deemed a narcotic.

It can be good to seek information when searching for cannabis seeds to obtain people that have a very high germination rate. In case you are willing to Buy Weed Seeds in Colorado, come to check out our quality cannabis seeds with a high germination rate. Neighboring localities including Highlands Ranch, South Aurora and Air Force Academy similarly enjoy access to the most premium grade of Cannabis seeds as well.

STRAIN BLEND THC USE
Sour Diesel Strain Feminized 65s/35i 21% Daytime
Blueberry Strain Feminized 60i/40s 24% Nighttime
Super Lemon Haze Feminized 75s/25i 21% Daytime

Is Weed Useful For Treating Alzheimer’s?

In the simplest terms, cannabis has been proven to support those that have been, or are, suffering with Alzheimerâ??s disease. This mental condition involves the destruction of the brain and cannabis can Assist to reduce a lot of the problems and allow other remedies time to work. While there is still not a total cure for Alzheimer’s there are some things that we can do to help slow the progress of the condition, and cannabidiol is one thing that can Assist with that.

Want Seeds? Here’s How You Can Find Them

The sale of weed seeds is conducted using the internet regularly. This is a solution that can prove to be very effective, as quality will then have been controlled, each strain will have been clinically checked for its genetic composition, and the packing will have been secured so that all seeds arrive in the greatest of conditions. Taking advantage of low prices is one of the best things about purchasing your items over the internet. Another benefit is that you can Purchase the precise types of seeds you’re searching for if you shop at our site or one like it. There are tons of strains for you to consider when you make your pick up.

Seed Law

Seed is governed by laws at both the state and federal level.

State

For information regarding seed law in Colorado, please visit the Colorado Department of Agriculture Division of Plant Industry.

The Colorado Seed Act requires truth in labeling of seed offered for sale in Colorado. The intent of the Act is to prevent the distribution of poor quality seed to consumers that result in low crop yields, poor crop quality, and the spread of noxious weed seed.

Questions regarding Colorado seed law can be directed towards the following contacts:

Colorado Department of Agriculture/DPI
Seed Program
700 Kipling Street, Suite 4000
Lakewood, CO 80215-8000

Federal

For information regarding seed law on the federal level, please visit the USDA-AMS website Seed Regulatory and Testing Programs. This site includes information on the Federal Seed Act, Regulations, germination test dates, and noxious weed lists.

To contact someone at the Federal Seed Laboratory, use the information below:

Federal Seed Laboratory
801 Summit Crossing Place, Suite C
Gastonia, North Carolina 28054-2193

The Rolling Stone Guide to Legal Pot: Colorado

Tourists from around the world have been coming to Colorado to partake in legal pot since it became available in 2014.

Ryan David Brown/Redux

People in Colorado pride themselves on their tolerance – for high altitudes and marathon ski sessions, sure, but also for high-ABV craft beer and super-potent cannabis.

As the first state to roll out legal recreational weed, Colorado’s had nearly five years to explore the culture and industry of adult-use marijuana, which business-minded cultivators and retailers are happy to point out. But the statewide industry is quickly growing – sales were $1.5 billion in 2017, up 15 percent over 2016 – so even with Colorado’s stereotypically heady, laidback culture (think John Denver, jam bands and snowboards) there are plenty of new developments for both locals and tourists.

Colorado’s overall weed culture still exists somewhere between the flashy, trashy reminders of its black-market past (“Dabbing Granny” billboards, anyone?) and a more evolved, less psychedelic take on the drug. That’s led to a steady growth of boutique and private weed events, such as chef-driven dinners, yoga classes and guided sessions on everything from painting to meditation.

Related
The Rolling Stone Guide to Legal Pot: Oregon
Related
The 80 Greatest Dylan Covers of All Time
All 206 of Taylor Swift's Songs, Ranked

From downtown Denver tourist traps to high-country head shops, Red Rocks concerts to Aspen brunches, there’s a right and wrong way to do weed in this epicenter of recreational-weed cultures. Here’s our statewide guide.

Finding cannabis in Colorado is easy to do, provided you’re near a population center.
The Front Range of the Rocky Mountains essentially bisects Colorado into sparse, windy eastern plains and its western high country and Utah-kissing slope. The roughly five million people who live along the Front Range, from the northern Wyoming border to the southern New Mexico line, have the most ready access to the state’s green bounty.

Amendment 64, which legalized recreational cannabis beginning in 2014, allows for municipalities to individually regulate the number and location of dispensaries, so not all pot-boom towns are created equal. The state’s Marijuana Enforcement Division approved 509 retail dispensary licenses for 2018, and they’re in the expected places: cities such as Denver, Boulder and Colorado Springs, and well-known mountain towns from Eagle to Vail. Driving into the burgeoning artist colony of Trinidad, on the New Mexico border, reveals a bevy of dispensaries aimed specifically at border-hopping tourists.

However, Kansas and Utah-based seekers of Colorado weed will have to drive a bit further into the state, as there’s nothing along their respective eastern and western borders. (Note: It is still illegal to transport marijuana across state lines, so what you buy in Colorado needs to stay in Colorado.)

Watching the green pins drop into place on a store-finder app, such as Weedmaps, Leafly or Where’s Weed – all App Store-approved and free – is the simplest way to plot your route. But Colorado-based weed-media, such as The Denver Post‘s Cannabist website (which, full disclosure, I have written for) offer original strain reviews and relevant news in addition to the address, phone number and user ratings.

Unless you have a doctor’s note, make sure the shop you’re visiting is for recreational weed.
While pot shops take pains to make it obvious, be sure to check that the one you’ve selected is retail and not medical, the latter of which requires a prescription and won’t let you through the door without it. Just as important is your proof of age – all pot shops only allow 21-and-up adults inside. No kids, no pets, no exceptions.

Once you’ve established which shops are available to you, decide how far you’re willing to travel. Along I-70 east of Denver, for example, dispensaries tempt commuter and airport traffic with glowing green crosses and names like Lightshade, the Green Solution and Fox Street Wellness. Most are happy to welcome prospective customers who want to survey their mix of products, which typically include several different types of flower (smokable buds of various strains), edibles, concentrates and weed-related merchandise heavily emblazoned with the Colorado state logo (a red “C” with a yellow sun inside it, set against a blue-and-white background).

If you’re pressed for time, dopedirectory.com offers a comprehensive list of shops along both I-70, the state’s main east-west corridor, and I-25, Colorado’s north-south interstate where the majority of the shops reside.

Even after you pick a spot, don’t be afraid to let another draw you away.
Shopping for weed in Colorado should be a fun, low-pressure experience. There are enough different types of retailers that if you’re not digging the vibe or selection at one, walk out; their competitors would be happy to take your business. I’ve been in dispensaries where the staff doesn’t seem to know if they’re selling cannabis or tourist trinkets – their fondness for cheap incense and weed-culture cliches (Up in Smoke posters, 1990s gangsta-rap soundtracks) a clear sign that they’re doing the bare minimum to cash in on a trend.

Some stores feel sleek and impersonal, like the Apple Store-styled lucite tables and iPad menus at the tourist-angled Euflora, in downtown Denver. Some are intimate and tastefully sparse, such as East Colfax Avenue’s GroundSwell. Most have an upbeat, sincere yet serious customer-service aesthetic, so if you visit a store that doesn’t seem eager to educate you, or meet you at your level of knowledge, ditch it.

Allow some time for your trip to the dispensary.
If you’ve never visited a pot shop before, you’ll be tempted to ask lots of questions of your budtender, who can tell you about the differences between indica and sativa, the history of different strains and products, and what might be the best fit for your personality and experience level. You may annoy the eager shoppers in line behind you, but don’t feel pressured to rush through it and buy something hilariously strong, or more product than you think you need.

Like a liquor store, it’ll be there for you to return to tomorrow – or later the same day, as an increasing number of shops are now open until 10 p.m. in the Denver metro area. The extremely weed-friendly cities of Edgewater and Glendale, each just outside Denver, have shops that stay open until midnight.

Deciding what to leave the store with can be intimidating.
Even a modest, one-off dispensary in Colorado usually offers several different types of flower strains, pre-rolled smokables, candy, baked-good edibles and beverages, disposable and reusable vape pens and concentrates (a.k.a. shatter or wax), in addition to gear (pipes, bongs, dab rigs, grinders) and stoney merchandise like T-shirts and hats. Retail chains such as the stylish Native Roots, Starbuds or Green Dragon tend to have a larger selection.

The varying quality of the exact same strain – say, the sativa-dominant Blue Dream hybrid, which is popular and widely available – can vary from shop to shop, given that their selection often includes a mix of in-house grown and manufactured products, and outsourced or jointly produced ones.

Most pot shops will allow you see and – just as important – smell samples of a strain before buying it, usually in a jar or other open-topped container. Let your nose be your guide, as that’s often a solid indication of flavor. And no, they don’t give out free samples.

Consuming your cannabis shouldn’t be hard, provided you don’t make a spectacle of it. But mind the local laws.
Residents and visitors can buy up to 28 grams (roughly an ounce) per dispensary, per visit, whereas prior to June 2016, out-of-state visitors could only buy up to seven grams. The calculus gets a bit more complex with different concentrates, but your budtender can tell you which combination of flower, concentrates or edibles eventually adds up to the legally mandated purchase limit.

Adults can legally carry an ounce at a time in Colorado, and incidents of personal-use seizure are rare except in cases of related criminal activity, such as drunken driving or assault. TSA agents find so few travelers trying to sneak through security with pot at Denver International Airport (numbering fewer than 100 annually, compared with 60-plus million passengers) that they haven’t even bothered putting out the green “weed amnesty” boxes found at smaller airports in Colorado Springs and Aspen.

Confusingly, there is still no officially legal way to consume cannabis in public, which represents one of the giant holes in the state’s otherwise groundbreaking, nationally influential pot laws. Some alternatives are making their way through the state legislature.

In the meantime, mind the local customs for consumption.
First, don’t spark up right outside the dispensary where you bought your cannabis, or ignore the same etiquette you would follow with anything else smokable. In fact, now that cigarette and cigar-smoking is illegal in prominent parks and pedestrian-heavy areas, such as Boulder’s Pearl Street Mall and Denver’s 16th Street Mall, you’ll stand out all the more.

Secondly, It’s not just about getting hassled by cops. If you suck down a hog leg on a busy street, cough gobs of skunky smoke into childrens’ faces, then stub it out on the side of a building where the wind picks up your flurry of ashes, everyone gets caught in your slipstream of nastiness. I’ve seen this behavior repeatedly (mostly from white 20-somethings who appear to be out-of-towners) and it gives all stoners a bad name.

Lastly, keep your wits about you by going slow and drinking lots of water to help with the thin, oxygen-light air. Dehydration, headaches, dizziness, nausea and other symptoms of the all-too-common altitude sickness are very real, even if you never leave the Mile High City for steeper climes.

Paranoid about finding a safe way to partake? Colorado has you covered.
Dozens of 420-friendly hotels and B&Bs have popped up in Colorado in recent years, with most rooms starting at under $200 per night. The styles vary from cozy bed ‘n’ breakfasts to futuristic, design-forward spaces, but overall they offer legal or discreet ways to enjoy your cannabis with likeminded tokers.

If you’re smoking flower, go for a balcony, and if it’s not a 420-friendly hotel, be sure to watch the neighbors. If you’ve going the vaporizer or e-nail route – the latter a preferred dabbing method, which eschews the more dangerous open-flame ignition – most anywhere will do. But don’t make assumptions about where it’s cool to burn and where it’s not. Make privacy and discretion your default settings unless, as is often the case at jam-band and EDM concerts, dozens of people around you appear to be doing it without problems.

Tour buses, private-use social clubs and other group activities also offer novel ways to consume, although they are always subject to changing state and federal laws. Be sure to make a phone call or send an email before booking. Too high to drive? Call a ride from Loopr, an Uber or Lyft-like “mobile lounge,” or step off your flight and directly into a 420 Airport Pickup car.

Tours, activities and events are collected on sites such as coloradopotguide.com, kushtourism.com and my420tours.com, and some include factory-like grow-room and seed tours, “Buds & Beers” outings and more. A two-hour “Sushi and Joint Rolling” class, for example, costs $80 per person while Loopr’s three-hour “Hands-On Seed to Shelf Grow Tour” runs $50. Most tours can be selected in both private and group settings.

Being sustainable is the new wave of Colorado cannabis.
Sustainability is a hot topic in cannabis, and as with food and alcohol, a popular selling point in this crowded market. Colorado’s eco-conscious budtenders and growers talk a good game about clean product and cultivation, but fortunately they’re also state-regulated and tracked via RFID tags (or radio-frequency identification devices) from the time they’re planted to the time they hit shelves.

However, be sure to look for any recent recalls or other news on reputable sites such as The Denver Post and The Cannabist, as the growing number of dispensaries also means that state tracking and enforcement officials need to monitor even more growers for things like pesticides.

If you want to support progressive-values companies, look to someone like Amy Andrle. Her company L’Eagle runs a zero-waste facility and has the only nationally recognized third-party certification for organically cultivated and sustainably grown weed, plus a Certifiably Green Denver recognition from Denver’s Department of Environmental Health.

Jon Cooper of ebbu, a local research company, is experimenting with genetically editing cannabis-plant DNA to get more bang for the buck, both in growing larger percentages of rare cannabinoids (which grow in tiny percentages in modern strains) and plants that develop an over-expression of trichomes, the tiny hairs on a marijuana bud. Basically: using less space and energy to grow more and better weed.

And if you’re nervous about navigating the murky waters of the vape-oil sea, look for 100 percent solvent-free concentrates like the Clear, a translucent oil that’s heavy on THC. You can actually taste the difference, and when it comes to Colorado’s diverse, fiercely competitive cannabis industry, there’s no reason to settle for anything less than great.

Posted on

how long from seed to harvest outdoor marijuana

How Long Does It Take for Weeds to Grow?

Growing weed is a long, complicated process that requires a bit of patience and a lot of knowledge. When someone starts cultivating cannabis, one of the first questions that comes up is almost always, “How long does it take for weeds to grow?”

When you’re growing weed — whether outdoor or indoor — you need to be aware of the plant’s specific timeline and how long it’ll take to cultivate it overall. Some seasons are better than others for growing weed, so paying attention to life cycles and time spans is absolutely crucial. That’s why, today, we’re addressing many of your cannabis cultivation concerns. From how long it takes to grow weed outdoors to the best strains to grow outside, we’re covering it all.

But, before we answer your question, “How long does it take for weeds to grow?” Let’s discuss the basics of cannabis cultivation.

What to Know About Growing Weed

Before you start growing weed, it’s important to know that it’s not like growing other herbs such as basil or thyme, for example. While the plants require the same basic needs — sunlight, water, nutrients, and space — you must follow strict parameters to keep them happy and healthy. That being said, you must ensure you have the proper setup and equipment to handle cannabis cultivation.

If you’re growing your weed outdoors, you cannot live anywhere with an adverse or unpredictable climate. Cannabis plants require moderate temperatures. You’ll have to make sure you have the proper space and equipment for cultivation; everyday people cannot access your cannabis plants.

Indoor growing also requires extensive lighting setups, air circulation, and proper space. If you’re planning on growing a few plants at once, they must have enough space to grow without invading the other plant’s area. Otherwise, you may risk contaminating the plants.

All in all, make sure you’re prepared for the time and effort that cannabis cultivation requires. This isn’t a process that you can complete in a month with little care. Instead, growing weed requires nearly round-the-clock attention, week after week.

Outdoors vs. Indoors

For those who are asking, “how long does it take to grow weed?” You may be curious about the efficacy surrounding growing cannabis outdoors versus indoors. Is one better? Which is ideal for beginners?

If you’re hoping to grow high-quality cannabis, then you’re going to want to aim for an indoor facility. It’s quite difficult to grow top-shelf flowers outdoors, and this is typically only reserved for producing extracts. With outdoor cannabis cultivation, you simply cannot obtain the ideal conditions that are necessary for weed production. Indoor allows for better control over practically all environmental factors, from lighting to temperature and even moisture.

We’d suggest avoiding cultivating your cannabis outdoors, as it creates more problems than it’s worth. Indoor cannabis cultivation will likely produce a better result and less hassle during production; plus, your plants will enjoy the nearly perfect growing conditions you can create indoors.

How Long Does It Take for Weeds to Grow?

Ah, yes, the million-dollar question: how long does it take for weeds to grow? This will depend on your personal growing style, but it typically takes anywhere from four to eight months to fully cultivate and harvest marijuana plant. However, we’ve found that five months is ideal for optimal plant quality, size, and potency.

We know what you’re thinking: four to eight months is a big difference in time. And it is! But, again, this is because cultivation isn’t one-size-fits-all. People have their own techniques and preferences, both influencing how long someone will grow their weed for.

How long it takes to grow weeds from seeds also depends on your space. If you’re just cultivating a few plants inside, your cannabis has the ability to flower much quicker than in a large grow space outdoors. Thus, the overall growing time for small-scale indoor growers will — of course — be less than those producing large-scale outdoor yields.

Four to eight months is a long time to cultivate a plant. However, cannabis has a complicated life cycle that requires each stage to have ample time for growth and progress. In the next section, we will break down the life cycle of the cannabis plant and how long each stage lasts. This way, you know exactly how long it takes for weeds to grow, every step of the way.

The Life Cycle of the Cannabis Plants: How to Grow Weeds From Seeds

The germination stage is the first — and shortest — stage in the cannabis plant life cycle. As you can imagine, it’s during this time that your weed seeds begin to sprout and root deep into your soil.

A healthy cannabis seed feels hard and dry to the touch. If you’re holding your seeds and they’re moist and soft, then you likely have an underdeveloped seed. You will not grow healthy plants from undeveloped seeds, so always check the hardness and appearance before starting the germination stage.

Once planted, your seed will stay in the germination stage for between 3-10 days. This stage requires a minimum of 16 hours of light per day, but 24 hours is best for helping the seed sprout. As soon as you begin to see the first fan leaves grow from your seeds, you’re on to the seedling stage.

The Seedling Stage

The seedling stage of your cannabis plant lasts between two to three weeks, requiring 16 hours of light per day at a minimum. However, it’s recommended that your plants are exposed to light for closer to 18-24 hours a day for best results.

During this stage, you’ll start to notice the sprouting of the plant’s fan leaves — the leaves that everyone knows and associates with marijuana.

Careful of overwatering during this stage. Seedlings are more susceptible to rot because their roots are so small, not requiring much water.

Over time, your plant’s fan leaves will start developing blades, just one at a time. When you have a healthy, mature cannabis plant, then you’ll have vibrant green leaves with 5-7 blades on each leaf, maybe more. When you notice your plants reaching this point, they’re no longer seedlings! It’s time to go on to the next stage.

The Vegetative Stage

During the vegetative stage, you’re going to have to be a little patient. This part of your plant’s life cycle typically takes between 3 – 16 weeks, and they’ll require at least 16 hours of sunlight , but 18 is ideal. You’ll want to give your plants six hours of direct sunlight and ten hours of indirect light.

While in this stage, your plants are going to grow exponentially. This is where nearly all of the growth happens, and you’ll start seeing your cannabis grow upwards and outwards. You’ll likely have to transport your plants to bigger pots during this stage, as they’ll be outgrowing their current situation. Trimming and pruning your plants are also necessary for the vegetative stage, preventing them from over-growing and invading each other’s spaces.

DDuring the vegetative stage, you’ll finally start to be able to determine the sex of your plants. It’s crucial to get rid of the male plants, as they don’t provide the same effects as female plants. They can also contaminate and damage your female plants, so it’s best to discard them entirely. You should only keep these male plants if you’re interested in breeding.
Also, make sure to increase your plants’ watering. As they grow, they will require more water for their deeper, longer stalks.

The Flowering Stage

Finally, you’ve reached the flowering stage. It’s during this stage where your cannabis plants finally start sprouting those resinous buds we know and love — and smoke.

The flowering stage will take anywhere between 7-11 weeks to accomplish. However, in some strains, this can occur as early as 6 weeks, or even as late as 15 weeks. (This is more common with sativas.)

You’ll be keeping a close eye on your plants, watching as their buds fully develop. They will need less light during this time: about 12 hours per day. This lessened light cycle will decrease naturally if you’re growing your plants outdoors. If you started growing your plants during spring, then you should reach the flowering stage as summer turns to fall and the sun goes down earlier. For those growing cannabis indoors, you can simply manipulate light cycles yourself.

Finally, when your plants have all fully matured and grown their buds, it’s time to harvest.

How Long Do Pot Plants Take to Grow?

So, as you can see, how long it takes pot plants to grow simply depends. To determine your cultivation timeline, you’ll have to consider factors like the desired size you want your yield to reach, the strain you chose, method of production, and whether or not you had an ideal growing environment.

Make sure you don’t try to rush this process. Your plants take time to grow and mature healthily, and trying to speed up the process by manipulating light cycles may affect your plant’s potency over time. No matter what, you’re going to have to wait several weeks for your cannabis plants to be ready for harvest.

Compared to other plants, cannabis does take a bit longer to grow and cultivate. However, cannabis plants are highly complex, so it only makes sense how rigorous the growing process is, too. You have to make sure you have the time to cultivate your plants properly. So, if waiting a few months is just too long, then you should stick with purchasing flower from places like BestPotDelivery, instead.

When to Grow Your Cannabis Plants

If you want to have the most successful cannabis yield — and you’re growing your plants outdoors — there are specific times of the year that are best for each stage of the plant. Here are the best seasons for growing cannabis outdoors.

Typically, many cannabis cultivators begin germinating their seeds in early spring, typically in March/April. This way, by the time they become seedlings, you’re reaching the end of April or so. From there, it’s best to start moving or repotting your seeds in May or June. At this point, they will have grown enough to require more space and more attention. Usually, you’ll want this to happen before summer gets into full swing.

Next, the pruning and trimming of your plants during vegetative growth should occur throughout June to August. During these summer months, your plants are going to get a significant amount of sun when grown outdoors, so make sure you pay attention to lighting and watering.

Finally, it tends to be best to start harvesting your cannabis plants from September to November. As we mentioned earlier, your plants don’t require as much lighting during the flowering stage. If you’re growing plants outdoors, naturally, the sun sets earlier during these colder months, preventing them from getting too much sun. If you wait any longer, your plants may not get the proper light cycle they require. Thus, it’s ideal to have your plants entirely harvested before December rolls around.

We know — this means growing your plants can take up to a whopping eight months to grow. However, every stage of the plant’s life cycle is crucial, and they all play a huge part in how well your plants act. Thus, you just have to be patient!

Best Way to Grow Pot Outdoors

Growing marijuana outdoors isn’t an easy task. This is because, when your plants are outdoors, they can be significantly affected by the environment. When you grow cannabis indoors, you have total control over the elements, from lighting to temperature and moisture. But, when you cultivate cannabis outside, it’s harder to keep these elements under your control. Thankfully, it isn’t impossible, and we’re here to help you discover the best way to grow marijuana outdoors.

First, you have to make sure you have an ideal growing site. You cannot grow cannabis just anywhere, so take the time to really consider the climate, soil, and weather in your area. If you know of another place that may be less affected by Mother Nature, try setting up your grow there instead. After all, if you choose a location that your plants cannot thrive in, you’re never going to produce a usable result.

With this, you also need to consider things like sunlight, wind, and privacy. Again, you don’t want to place your plants somewhere where they can’t get ample sunlight exposure. On the same note, you don’t want there to be excess sun exposure, either; you have to find a nice balance. In terms of wind, you want to avoid lots of high wind that may damage or uproot your plants.

Privacy is vital when growing cannabis outside. Having a private space is the best way to grow pot outdoors, as it keeps you and your stash safe and sound. Make sure you have an enclosed, hidden space that the average consumer cannot access.

Some people find that growing some plants on their roofs and balconies is ideal for privacy reasons. In these spaces, you’re the only person who has access to your cannabis, and they’re undisturbed by potential trees or other shrubberies. This will allow them ideal sun exposure; however, keep a close eye on them when the weather does strike. If you don’t have a roof or balcony you can use, then feel free to plant your cannabis in the midst of your garden. Just make sure they are far enough away from other plants you’re growing, if you’re growing others.

Ideal Growing Climates

In general, you’ll want to grow your cannabis in moderate, temperate climates. You don’t want to attempt to cultivate cannabis anywhere with extreme rain, wind, snow, or heat. In fact, cannabis cannot grow and survive at temperatures above 85℉, and they’ll freeze anywhere below 55℉.

Thus, you need to find somewhere that has moderate temperatures throughout the spring, summer, and fall months. You don’t have to be too concerned about winter, as it isn’t ideal to grow your plants outside during the winter months, anyway.

Best Strains to Grow Outdoors

If you’re going to grow your cannabis outdoors, you want to make sure you’re growing hearty, durable strains that can handle whatever Mother Nature has to offer. Unfortunately, this isn’t a quality of all strains! So, we’re here to help you find some of the best strains to grow outdoors.

First off, many people find success in cultivating White Widow strains . White Widow is a strain with impressive resin production, making it more resistant to bacteria and fungi. Because of this slight resistance, a lot of people suggest that first-time growers try out White Widow — this hearty strain has a much lower chance of failing than others.

You can also grow Durban Poison strains outdoors if you’re looking for an uplifting, potent strain option. Durban Poison is one of the few strains we know of that actually thrive being outside, and some growers have found success growing them all year round. It’s an incredibly durable strain that can bring high THC levels, making it an excellent option for those looking for powerful results.

The final best strain option to grow outdoors would likely be a Hulkberry strain. Hulkberry strains are known to growers as being heart options, easy to grow, and able to survive various conditions. However, keep in mind that with a name like Hulkberry, you’re going to get quite a hulk-like plant. Expect to produce extra-tall plants with incredible buds.

Where to Buy High-Quality Cannabis Flower

Cultivating cannabis — whether it is outdoor or indoor — can be a tricky task. You need to have all of the right information, as well as proper growing equipment and a whole lot of time. However, with all of the right resources, you’ll be able to grow high-quality cannabis flower — it just might take some time.

While you’re waiting for your own cannabis plants to grow, you can always get top-shelf products delivered straight to your door by using BestPotDelivery. BestPotDelivery prides itself on our high-quality product options of all kinds. Whether you’re looking for edibles, pre-rolls, flower, or something else, our vast online inventory has just what you need. Plus, we’ll have it sent right to your door.

With us, you never have to leave your house to purchase cannabis again. Instead of waiting all day in line or dealing with ATMs and traveling throughout town, you can simply place an order for your products and forget about it. (Until they show up, that is.) It really is that easy. Plus, we have 24/7 support just in case you have any questions or concerns about our services or products.

Cultivating & Consuming Cannabis With BestPostDelivery

At this point, hopefully you’re not still wondering, “how long does it take to grow weed?” The information shared is sure to point in the right direction.

At BestPotDelivery, we want you to be able to both consume and cultivate cannabis with ease. We understand how appealing — and how beneficial — cannabis can be. Thus, growing your own is something we’re all curious about. That’s exactly why BestPotDelivery is here to answer all of your canna-questions, whether it is about how long it takes for weeds to grow or something entirely different. No matter what, we’re here for you.

The next time you’re thinking about buying some cannabis, make sure you head to BestPotDelivery first. Check out our huge selection of top-shelf cannabis products and find all the options that most appeal to you. Soon, you’ll never want to purchase your products any other way.

Don’t forget! If you have any questions about cannabis cultivation or growing your weed outdoors, we’re here to help. All you have to do is ask!

How Long Does Weed Take To Grow Outdoors?

Generally, weed takes between 7 to 16 weeks depending on the strain and how it is farmed. When growing outdoors, you’ll be harvesting once or twice a year.

What are the Best Strains to Grow Outdoors?

Biddy Early, White Widow, Sativa Xmass tree, Blue Power, Durban Poison, Super Silver Haze, OG Kush, Start growing marijuana outdoors.

Can you Grow any Strain Outdoors?

Any strain can be grown outdoors, but you’ll get the best yield and quality from Indica dominant strains. Sativas require more time to grow and flower.

What Kind of Climate do You Need to Grow Weed Outdoors?

The best climate for growing weed outdoors is in a sunny, warm, Mediterranean region. The temperature should be between 45 F and 88 F, ideally around 77 F for best results.

Key Points of Harvest Time

A common misconception of marijuana cultivation, especially among first-time growers, is that harvest time is like gym class in grade school—it’s still a class you have to go to but it requires less thought and more fun than an actual science class. Unfortunately, underestimating the final phases of a grow operation can be a very costly mistake when it comes down to grading the outcome of your buds.

Fatal errors in areas such as flushing, cutting and curing buds can lead to big disappointment after long months of hard work and care. To be sure this doesn’t happen to you, and to ensure the highest quality of your cannabis—no matter what strain it is—it’s important to take note of a few Key Points of Harvest Time.

Numero Uno

The first, and perhaps most important, aspect of harvesting cannabis is knowing exactly when to start chopping down the ladies. A precision harvest is essential for potent cultivation. Growers must be very careful not to cut down plants that are not yet at the pinnacle of resin production, but they must also be wary of cutting plants too late—at a time when THC production has curtailed and resin glands begin to degrade.

There are various methods by which even the most amateur grower can tell when buds are truly ripe for the picking. The simplest and quickest way to know is by examining the pistils, or long hairs, that cover the plant’s buds. At the onset of flowering, these pistils are white and stringy. But as the flowering period comes to an end, they begin to turn color, first from white to orange and then again to a dark red or brown. These color changes signify the maturation of the buds; however, the color and time frame may vary significantly across different varieties of cannabis.

Therefore, a better, yet slightly more complicated, method for determining ripeness is through trichome examination. Trichomes are the actual resin glands that contain THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids, and they are very delicate and easily ruptured. These trichomes are visible on the outside of buds and small leaves and look like little white sugar crystals to the naked eye. However, with the power of a magnifying glass or simple microscope, you can see that trichomes are comprised of a stalk and resin head and are clear or white in color.

As with pistils, trichomes also begin to change color as the buds mature. But in this scenario, a grower wants to harvest buds before they get too dark in color. Even a subtle amber hue in these glands could mean that cannabinoids have begun breaking down and decomposing, which means less potent pot. Using a magnifier between 50x-100x, advanced growers look for a creamy or milky white color in trichomes that tells them it’s time to harvest.

The Catch

As with most tricks of the trade, there is always a catch. And in this case it can be taken quite literally as well, because when checking your buds for ripeness you’ll want to “catch” any and all clues that can signal maturation—a few weeks before harvest time. Having a “harvest heads-up” can be extremely beneficial for growers, not only to prep equipment and rooms for drying and curing, but also to prep the plants for taste and smooth smoking.

If a grower can consistently examine trichomes and keep accurate time records from the start of the flowering photoperiod (12/12 light cycle), then it should be no problem for the grower to begin flushing out the grow medium in preparation for the harvest.

The Two-Step Flush

The last two weeks of flowering should be spent getting rid of any built-up nutrients in the growing medium, a process called leaching, or flushing. By removing all access to nutrients, the plant begins to consume its stored food reserves. These reserves are nasty compounds that we don’t want in our smoke, such as sugars, starches and various other elements. Harvesting plants that still have these undesirable elements present will only result in a harsh smoke and terrible burnability.

Flushing should begin about 14 days before harvest by stopping all nutrients and using only pure water to feed the plants. By providing no nutrients, you force the plant to rely only on what is left in the growing medium to feed on. The actual act of flushing is achieved by over-irrigating the medium until the nutrients inside are dissolved and washed out the bottom of the container. The best way to do this is with a two-step flush technique. (The process is an easy one.)

First, flood the grow medium with a heavy dose of water and wait a few minutes to allow all of the salts (nutrient buildup) to break down. Then add more water to chase out the first dose. By waiting a few minutes after adding the first dose of water, you’re allowing enough time for the water to dissolve the salts. As salts decompose, they can be effectively flushed out by the second dose. Traditional leaching usually employs only the first flush of water, which isn’t always adequate for complete dissolution.

A few days after flushing, you should notice signs of nitrogen deficiency. The leaves will go from dark to light green, eventually turning completely yellow. Another sign is a reddening of the leaf stems, starting at the center of the leaf where the blades come together.

Test your flush by snapping off a leaf and tasting the juice that flows from the stem. If the taste is bitter, there’s still plenty of food in the plant’s system. When the juices are clean and taste like pure water, the plant is clean enough for harvest. The bitterness is from nutrients and other chemicals that you definitely do not want in your smoke.

Dry Air = More Resin

One final flush should occur a day or two before harvesting, with the final 24 hours of the garden’s life being spent in relative dryness. This last deluge should be done with fresh water and can be a single or a two-step flush, depending on how much fertilizer was applied previous to the final two weeks of flowering. This will be the final watering your plants ever get. In doing this, you help ensure that the plants will begin to slowly dehydrate as you approach harvest, which in turn will aid the plants in their final hours of resin production.

Some gardeners even like to allow their medium to go bone-dry before harvesting. The idea is that resin production seems to skyrocket if the medium is allowed to dry before harvesting, but this isn’t due to dry medium – it’s due to dry air.

When the relative humidity in the garden is low, your resin production will increase. This is a natural response cannabis has to dry air, an attempt to protect itself from hot, dry conditions. Marijuana resin actually has one of the highest UV-resistance ratings in the plant kingdom. The resin reflects light, preventing the buds from getting sunburn. (This is also why it’s so easy for helicopters to spot marijuana from the sky; it glows when seen through UV-sensitive equipment.)

Lowering the humidity in the room on that last night before harvest morning will ensure increased resin production, without having to let the medium go bone-dry first. Additionally, some growers like to subject their gardens to prolonged dark periods of up to 24 hours just before cutting, claiming they notice spikes in resin production. This is all right as the low humidity will cut down on light uptake anyway, plus it helps to make sure liquid foods within the plants drain down to the root zone.

Harvest & Manicure

When the big day arrives it is best to start early, before the light period begins in the growroom. If the grow lamps turn on, it’s okay to cut them completely and work by standard room lighting. Begin by cutting the entire plant away from the root ball. If the plants are too large to harvest with one cut at the bottom, start by cutting the larger, heavier branches first. Remember to leave one or two larger stems connected to the branches you are cutting off. These stems will form nice “Vs” on the branches for easy hang drying.

Most indoor growers begin taking off the large fan leaves about a week before actual harvest. This is a good idea, especially once these leaves begin paling from green to yellow in color. Continue your harvest by taking off all leaves not associated with the buds and then move on to trimming off the smaller sugar leaves. Look for leaves with little resin coverage first and then move into the interior of the nuggets. It’s easier to remove leaves within the buds once they have dried out a bit, but that adds extra time and a second round of manicuring. By turning buds over and getting to the underside of smaller sugar leaves, it becomes easier to snip away at the stem and remove the entire leaf. Many growers like to only trim off leaf edges that come out of buds, leaving an aesthetic shape to the bud with the heavily resinated portion of the sugar leaves still intact within the buds.

Once the plants are cut, trimmed and manicured to perfection, it is best to hang branches upside down on strings strung across open spaces to get maximum air flow over your buds. Keeping buds on the branches does slow the drying, as the branches do retain some water however, this is the easiest way to completely surround buds with dry air without using drying chambers or machines.

Drying for Taste and Burnability

Now that you’ve harvested and are ready to dry and cure, you will want to preserve as much of the vibrant color and taste of your herb as possible. Buds should hang dry for five to seven days at the ideal temperature of about 70ºF with 50 percent humidity. You want to get most of the water out of the buds in those first days and then slow the process down for another week or so during the curing process.

Remember that a plant is not dead upon cutting—it is still very much alive. A plant is effectively dead when the water pressure inside is too low to continue vascular movement. In other words, when the waterworks stop, the plant is dead. The goal here is to dry the plant as evenly as possible and at a nice slow pace. When buds are rapidly dried, the plant tissue can trap in unwanted starches and nitrates which cause buds to burn unevenly and with an awful taste.

At four to five days into the dry, the tips of some buds might be dry enough to pluck off and sample. After the buds have gone through their full cycle of drying, we want to slow the whole thing down and draw the rest of the moisture out very gradually. This is the curing process.

What’s the Cure?

If your herb is harvested correctly, there is very little need for long cures. Long cures are needed to make harsh herb smoke smoother. If you start out with smooth, clean herb, there’s less need for long cures. Most buds should be cured and ready to smoke in less than two weeks after the drying period. Expert growers who harvest properly can complete curing in five or six days, but a good average can easily range from 10 to 14 days.

Inexperienced growers often tend to get impatient and only cure for a few days, but this can be a costly mistake when it comes to potency. Allowing the buds to cure evenly, which means drying at a slower rate, removes moisture within the buds so that all the THC can be converted in its psychoactive form.

The curing process evens out the moisture levels in the herb. You want the same amount of moisture in the center of the buds as you do on the outside of the buds until they are almost totally devoid of fluids. Completely drying the herb too fast can trap moisture in the middle and not allow for a proper cure.

For the curing process, you want to put the half-dried buds into air-tight containers. Inside the container, the buds will become evenly moist, inside and out, as they begin to “sweat.” You can check to see if your buds are sweating and releasing moisture by gently squeezing them between your fingers to see if they feel damper than they did a few hours before sealing them up. Glass jars with rubber seals and lockdown lids are the best option for curing, but for large amounts of harvested buds, you’ll need something much bigger. Tight-sealing rubber or plastic bins are the best option for large quantities of buds but many growers feel these containers impart a plastic-type taste onto the buds. This can be offset by adding a small slice of lemon or orange peel to the bins toward the end of your cure.

Once the buds are again evenly moist, open the containers to let the moist air exchange with fresh air. Air exchanges are essential to the curing process. Not only do they prevent condensation from forming in your curing bins, but the fresh air is drier than the air you just allowed to escape from the container. The moisture still trapped in the herb will again slowly escape and moisten the new, fresh air. Open the container several times a day to exchange the moistened air with fresh air to slowly draw out the moisture in the buds. Eventually (again, one to two weeks) the moisture level in the herb will be at the right level to stash away and, of course, smoke!

What Time of Day to Harvest?

Timing the harvest is Paramount to the final quality. Harvest your precious buds in the dark, just before the lights normally come on. If possible, do not allow the plants to see direct light as long as their roots are attached. Direct light on a plant will draw up stored starches and sugars from the root system.

During the nighttime hours, our ladies are busy storing food down in their root system that they made during the daylight hours. During “lights out,” starches and sugars produced by photosynthesis during the day drain downward to the roots. Knowing this, it is easy to figure out that you want to cut your plants away from the roots before the lights come on, when food moves back upward into the buds.

Outdoor herb is often harvested during the daytime hours and the result is a harsh, difficult burn and an extra long cure. The starches and sugars present in daytime-harvested herb act like fire retardants—not the effect we’re looking for. In addition to tasting and burning bad, these fire retardants also change the chemical make up of the smoke you’re ingesting. This means that the THC, cannabinol, cannabidoil and other active cannabinoids can’t burn at the perfect temperature to get you properly high because they haven’t properly converted to their psychoactive forms.

Facts on Drying & Curing

• During the drying of marijuana buds, THC is converted from an acidic, non-psychoactive chemical into a neutrally based, psychoactive form that gets you high. This is why fresh marijuana is generally weaker than properly dried and cured buds.

• Marijuana will lose approximately 75 percent of its weight during drying due to water evaporating from plant matter.

•Buds dried too fast will be frail and may start to crumble. Keep humidity between 45 and 55 percent in your drying room to prevent this and to help keep aroma and flavor locked in.

•Buds are done drying and ready for curing when stems snap when bent rather than just folding over.

•Air exchanges during curing should occur every four or five hours with curing bins left open for 10 minutes at a time.

When to harvest outdoor cannabis plants

Growing cannabis outdoors can be very rewarding. It is much cheaper than growing indoors, and it will also bring you huge plants, with heavy yields. But like anything when growing cannabis, it has its pros and cons. When you grow outdoors, you have much less control over the environment your plants live in, then when you grow indoors.

As the autumn months approach, the temperatures will fall. This is not only detrimental to the growth of the plant, but as temperatures fall, mould spores can germinate, and bud rot can set it. Some cannabis strains, have a long flowering period, and may not be harvested until mid-November (Northern Hemisphere). By this time, temperatures are usually too cold for a cannabis plant to thrive, and the risk of mould is very high.

You have to be able to judge whether your plant is ready for harvest, and if not, is it worth risking more time outdoors, or should it be harvest early. Here we will discuss the best ways to decide whether your outdoor cannabis plant is ready for harvest.

When to Harvest Outdoor Cannabis Plants

The actual time you will harvest an outdoor cannabis plant will depend on a few things:

• Flowering time of the strain

• The Maturity of the Trichomes

It is always best, to allow your plant the time it needs to fully mature and ripen before harvesting. Harvesting at the right time will increase yield, potency and terpene content. Giving you a better high, medicinal relief, a better flavour and more cannabis.

But because you do not have much control over the environment, leaving a cannabis plant outdoors to fully mature can be risky with some strains. Some cannabis strains will flower into late autumn. It is important to consider the flowering time of your strain, before you grow it.

If you live in colder climates, then try choosing a strain with a short flowering cycle, like an auto flowering plant or an Indica dominant strain. These will be more likely to finished before it gets too cold and wet.

Check the Flowering Time

If you know what strain you are growing, and what breeder it comes from, you will be able to find out when the best time for harvesting outdoors is.

The breeders estimated harvest date is just that, an estimate. Though it can give you an idea of when your plant will be finished, there are too many variables that need to be taken into account, and each grow is different.

Indica dominant strain will have a shorter flowering period than sativa dominant strains, so they will be harvested earlier. Some Sativa strains will flower for 16 weeks, and can push into 20 weeks of flower before you start to see amber trichomes.

In some cases, you may not have any information from the breeder. This can make it tough to estimate when the peak harvest time is. For best results, and accurate reading, you should check the trichomes on the buds of your plant, to see how mature they are before harvesting.

Maturity of The Trichomes

One of the best ways to tell if your cannabis plant is ready for harvest is by checking the trichomes on the buds. Judging by their appearance, you can tell if they are mature, at peak, or starting to degrade.

Choosing the right time to harvest will improve the quality and yield of your cannabis. You must always try to harvest your outdoor cannabis plant with at least, 90% milky trichomes, with 10% clear.

To do this, you need to use a USB microscope or a Jewlers Loupe, ( 1 ) to take a close look at the crystals on the buds of the plant ( 2 ).

When there is over 90% milky trichomes, it is close to harvest time. Harvest somewhere around 90% Milky, and10% amber ( 3 )

Clear Trichomes: When the trichomes are clear, it means they are immature, and your plant is not ready for harvest. The plant still has more time to gain weight, and produce more resins and terpenes. Harvesting now will be detrimental to your final yield, flavour and quality.

Milky Trichomes: If you are seeing a large amount (over 90%) of milky trichomes on your buds, the plant is approaching harvest time. It is at this point that trichomes production has reached its peak, and they will start to degrade from here.

Harvesting a cannabis plant with all milky trichomes will give you a good clean high, that expresses the characteristics of the strain you’re growing. Many growers will harvest around this time, especially for outdoor growers who live in cold and wet climates.

Amber Trichomes: Having amber trichomes on your buds, will bring you a heavy, couchlock kind of high. For best results, many growers will look for between 10% and 20% amber trichomes before harvest. This gives the user a nice balance of milky and amber trichomes with very few clear, and leaves them with a nice head high, with a little body stone to go with it.

Bear in mind, some auto flowering strains, or Sativa dominant strains, may not show amber trichomes for a long time. So, if you are growing outdoors, be ready for harvest when you see at least 90% of your trichomes have turned milky.

If the conditions allow, let the plant go for a little longer, and try to get to 10% amber before harvesting. This may take an extra couple of weeks, so be careful with the changes in the weather, and decide carefully when to harvest.

Environmental Conditions

When growing cannabis outdoors, controlling the environment that your plants live in can be difficult. Because of this, it is important to be aware of the seasons changing, and the fall in temperatures.

Cannabis plants grown outdoors will usually be harvested between mid-September, to mid-November, in the Northern Hemisphere, and mid-March and May for the Southern Hemisphere. The length of the flowering period will differ, depending on the strain you are growing.

If you are growing auto flowering cannabis plants outdoors, you should follow the breeder’s timeline from germination to harvest. You should also check the trichomes, and harvest at 90-100% milky.

In some countries, the Autumn weather can be too harsh for cannabis plants. Humidity is high, and temperatures are low. This can be an ideal environment for mould spores to germinate, and start to infect your buds.

Because you cannot control the environment as much as you would like to, you have to be vigilant, and keep an eye open for any signs of mould or rot forming on your buds.

If you do find any rot or mould, it will need to be removed, and thrown away! Mouldy buds should never be consumed!

To reduce the chances of rot and mould infecting your plants, harvesting a little early is on option. Check the trichomes and decide whether the plant is mature enough for harvest (90% milky 10% Clear at least), or if it will need a little longer. You should try to push for around 10% amber trichomes with 90% milky before harvesting, but not at the risk of losing the crop to rot!

Bud Rot and Mould

You should try to allow your plant to reach its peak, by waiting until at least 90% of the trichomes on the buds are milky. If you harvest before this stage, the quality, and yield, of your cannabis will be reduced. You should wait a little longer to get the best results.

Unfortunately, to do this, you increase the risk of finding rot and mould. As mentioned earlier, some strains will not be harvested until mid-November, and condition are not always ideal for your plants at this time of year.

To reduce the chances of your plants being infected by rot and mould, so you can try and reach the optimal harvest time, there are a few precautions you can take.

Good Airflow Around the Plant

Bud rot, is also known as Grey Mould. It will develop from mould spores that are on your plants and buds. These spores are everywhere, but they will not germinate until conditions are right. This is when bud rot becomes a problem.

Mould spores will grow best in stale pockets of air with warm 22 to 32 °C temperatures, and high humidity. So, one of the best ways to combat it, is to ensure your plants have a good supply of fresh air around it at all times.

This can be done by having a fan blowing at the plants, (which is not always possible when growing outdoors) or by removing some leaves, and any equipment or objects that may be restricting the airflow.

If you can keep a constant supply of fresh air to the plants, you are less likely to see bud rot.

Keep the Plant Dry

Along with stale air and warm temperatures, high humidity and moisture will also encourage the growth of mould spores.

If possible, you should try and cover your plant so rain will not fall onto it during these later stages of flower. If the buds get wet, and cold, they will start to rot and go mouldy.

Air flow is important here too, even if the plant does get wet, with enough breeze, the moisture will evaporate off the plants. But if the breeze cannot reach a certain part of the plant, mould is likely to grow there.

So, if you would like to push your outdoor plant a little further this season, ensure they have good airflow around them, keep a close eye on humidity levels, but don’t be afraid to harvest a little early if you need to.

Harvesting Your Plant at the Right time

Taking all of this into consideration, you can now decide when is the best harvest time for your outdoor cannabis plants.

Check the trichomes, and aim for at least 90% milky, with a touch of amber if you can. If temperature and humidity start to become a problem, then you may have to harvest early to prevent the crop being lost to rot and mould. Only you can make this decision.

If at any time, the temperatures fall too far, and you’re worried about mould setting in, as long as the trichomes are over 90% milky, you can harvest with good results.

In the case that you do find mould or rot on any of the flowers on your plants, you must not use them! Not even for extracts. Ingesting mould spores can be very dangerous and bad for your health. Throw any infected buds away, and consider harvesting as soon as possible, before more rot sets in.

To summarize

Finding the right time to harvest your outdoor cannabis plant is not easy. The further you head into autumn, the more chances you have of your plant contracting mould.

At the same time, you do not want to harvest early, and sacrifice the quality of the final product. It’s a fine balance, and it is your plant, you have to decide what is best for you.

As long as over 90% of the trichomes are milky, you can chop the plant with great results. Try to go for a little longer if you can, but not at the risk of losing the crop to rot.

Posted on

are marijuana seeds illegal in north carolina

Are marijuana seeds illegal in north carolina

Hemp is a variety of the plant Cannabis sativa that is low in the chemical THC. Here’s the definition under South Carolina state law: ‘Hemp’ or ‘industrial hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the non-sterilized seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with the federally defined THC level for hemp.

2. How does hemp differ from marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana come from the same plant species, Cannabis sativa, but they differ in concentrations of THC. Legally, THC levels determine whether the substance is considered an agricultural product or a regulated drug. Federal and South Carolina law define hemp as any part of the plant with a THC concentration that does not exceed 0.3 percent on a dried weight basis. Anything above that is considered marijuana and is illegal in the state.

3. What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is a naturally occurring chemical responsible for many of marijuana’s psychoactive effects.

4. What is CBD?

Hemp is a plant and CBD is a compound. Hemp is not CBD. “Partially processed” hemp is not CBD, either. Even “full spectrum” hemp extracts suspended in a carrier oil are more akin to hemp than pure CBD since they contain an array of phytonutrients. Although such extracts include CBD, they cannot in any reasonable sense be called CBD. We are aware that there may be some products on the market that add CBD to a food or label CBD as a dietary supplement. Under federal law, it is currently illegal to market CBD this way. More information can be found in our Hemp Products in Human Food Quick Guide.

5. What is Delta-8 and is it legal in South Carolina?

Per the FDA, Delta-8 THC is a psychoactive substance produced naturally by the cannabis plant, but not found in significant amounts in the cannabis plant. As a result, they note, concentrated amounts of delta-8 THC are typically manufactured from hemp-derived CBD.

The South Carolina Department of Agriculture understands that the South Carolina Hemp Farming Act does not provide an exception for, and does not legalize, delta-8 THC. Further, SCDA understands that the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED) takes the position that “any and all THC that is not ‘a delta-9 THC concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis’ is specifically prohibited”. This understanding was confirmed by a South Carolina Attorney General Option dated October 4, 2021 where Assistant Attorney General David Jones clarifies that delta-8 THC is viewed as illegal by his office in an opinion for the Chief of SLED. You may access that opinion here.

6. What are hemp’s potential uses?

Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial and industrial products including rope, clothes, food, paper, textiles, plastics, insulation, supplements, oils, cosmetics, and biofuel.

HEMP PERMITS

1. How do I apply to grow hemp?

SCDA will take applications for the 2022 growing season from January 1, 2022, through February 28, 2022. The application requirements include: a criminal background check, South Carolina residency, and an application fee. Full details can be found here.

2. How many acres can I use to grow hemp?

The number of acres a Permitted Hemp Farmer can farm is not limited by state law. However, all acreage on which a farmer intends to plant must be on record with SCDA prior to planting or growing.

3. Do I have to be a South Carolina resident to farm hemp?

To be a Permitted Hemp Farmer, you are required to be a State of South Carolina resident. The address submitted on the application must be linked to a South Carolina address and is cross-checked with the results of the background check. Other proofs of residency may also be required by SCDA.

4. How do I apply to be a Hemp Processor?

Those seeking to process hemp in South Carolina must obtain a South Carolina Dealer and Handler License (NOT a Hemp Handler Permit) and a South Carolina Weighmaster License as well as a Hemp Processor Permit. Separate fees and requirements apply. The Hemp Processor application and other information are available here.

5. What if I’m not farming or processing hemp, but I’m still planning to work with hemp in some way?

SCDA has created a new permit category for hemp handlers. There are several categories of Permitted Hemp Handler:

  • Warehouse/Storage/Drying Facility
  • Transporter
  • Laboratory
  • Seed Dealer/Supplier
  • Other (Broker, R&D, Sales Rep)

Separate fees and permit requirements apply. More information about the Hemp Handler Permit is available here.

6. Do I need a hemp permit to sell CBD products in a store?

No. Retail locations and hemp products are not regulated by SCDA. You only need a permit if you will be in possession of unprocessed or raw hemp.

7. Can I process hemp if I only have a Hemp Farming Permit?

No. A hemp farming permit does not allow a farmer/grower to process their own hemp or another farmer’s hemp. A separate processing permit is required and is a part of the South Carolina State Plan.

FARMING HEMP

1. Is hemp easy to grow?

Hemp is a labor-intensive crop. The estimated input cost to grow hemp is between $10,000 and $15,000 per acre. This cost includes labor, seed, and transplants or clones.

2. Are there grants available for hemp farming?

SCDA does not have research-funded grants currently available but is exploring the possibility of funding select research projects.

3. Can hemp be transported across state lines to be processed?

Yes. Per USDA’s interim final rule on hemp released in October 2019, states and Indian tribes may not prohibit the interstate transportation or shipment of hemp lawfully produced under a state or tribal plan or under a permit issued under the USDA plan.

4. Is there any training available for the growing of hemp?

SCDA does not provide training for the growing of hemp. Clemson Extension is a resource for hemp farming information, including in-field consultations.

5. Are there any guidelines for the use of insecticides and pesticides for the growing of hemp?

The South Carolina Department of Pesticide Regulation at Clemson University has released a list of pesticides approved for use on hemp in South Carolina. However, a DPR official notes in the news release, “Before any pesticide on this list is used in South Carolina, the grower must first make sure it is registered for use in the state. Pesticide dealers also must ensure that any pesticide on this list is registered in the state before making it available for wholesale or retail purchase by growers.” More information about hemp and pesticides can be found here and here.

6. Can I sell hemp plants to other hemp farmers?

Permitted hemp farmers who wish to sell hemp plants, clones or transplants to other permitted farmers or out of state must obtain a Live Plant Certification from Clemson University. For licensing information, please visit Clemson’s Nursery and Dealer Licensing page or contact Nursery Programs Coordinator Negar Edwards at 864-646-2126 or [email protected]

**All information is subject to change or being further clarified and cannot be considered legally binding. This information is for advice/planning purposes only.

Medical marijuana in North Carolina? Bill gets a hearing in the state Senate

The North Carolina General Assembly is considering a bill to legalize medical marijuana in the state.

Senate Bill 711, the N.C. Compassionate Care Act, would create a network of dispensaries to provide medical marijuana for people with debilitating medical conditions like cancer, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis.

“The purpose of this act is to carefully regulate the use of medical cannabis as a treatment of debilitating diseases,” said longtime Republican Sen. Bill Rabon, a lead sponsor of the bill. He spoke during a hearing at the North Carolina Senate Judiciary Committee Wednesday.

What You Need To Know
  • The state Senate held a hearing Wednesday on a bill that could legalize medical marijuana in North Carolina
  • Thirty-six states already have laws allowing medical marijuana
  • The bill would restrict medical pot sales to people with debilitating conditions like cancer, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis
  • The N.C. Compassionate Care Act would have to make it through four committees in the state Senate before it could even be considered for a vote

Patients with conditions listed in the bill could get a prescription to buy medical marijuana from a dispensary that would be regulated by state public health officials.

Three dozen states in the country already have laws that allow medical marijuana, Rabon said. The bill he is proposing for North Carolina would be the tightest law in the country, he said.

Marijuana will be legal just to the north in Virginia starting on July 1. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, in western North Carolina, recently voted to legalize medical marijuana on tribal land, the first legal weed in the state.

“To some people, it is a contentious issue, to some, it is not,” Rabon said. “I happen to be one that it is not.”

Rabon told the committee about his own cancer diagnosis.

“There’s nothing less compassionate on this earth than to watch a person on this earth suffer when there’s something that can ameliorate, at least, that suffering,” he said. “I’m not going to say that they will live a day longer. But I can say this, every day they’re alive, they’ll live better.”

“It is time to bring this forward,” Rabon said.

Several veterans spoke during the hearing about how medical marijuana had helped them overcome combat injuries and PTSD after they returned from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

“I have seen both sides of cannabis, while working in law enforcement and as a sufferer of chronic pain and PTS due to injuries sustained in service to my country and my community,” Josh Biddicks, a retired police officer and combat veteran, told the committee.

“I am not a special interest,” he said. Biddicks said at one time, Veterans Affairs prescribed him 23 different medications to deal with his ailments. But the drugs had “side effects that made life unbearable at times.”

“I have personally looked down the barrel of my own service weapon,” he said. “I almost became one of the 22 veterans who commit suicide daily in our country.”

“I personally have seen tremendous relief with cannabis as an alternative natural supplement,” he said. “A cure-all? No. But a natural path to relief from the symptoms, not laying in the bed all day on muscle relaxers so strong that I cannot spend time with my wife.”

Most of the members of the public at the hearing spoke in favor of the bill.

Rev. Mark Creech, executive director of the Christian Action League, spoke against medical marijuana. He cited a study that found medical marijuana laws led to more marijuana use overall.

“Medical and recreational marijuana legalization are blurred lines,” he told the committee.

What’s in the bill?

“The recreational sale of marijuana will still remain illegal in this state,” Rabon said.

The bill would establish a new medical advisory board and a commission on marijuana production in North Carolina, both would be part of the Department of Health and Human Services.

The bill allows 10 licenses statewide to be issued for suppliers, and those suppliers can each only operate four medical marijuana dispensaries.

“If you are a licensee, you are required to essentially manage the ‘seed to sale’ process,” said Sen. Michael Lee, a New Hanover County Republican and a sponsor of the bill.

“The idea behind only having 10, the idea behind having one licensee being responsible for ‘seed to sale’ is to really tightly regulate an area that states have done wildly different things in,” Lee said.

The dispensaries cannot have big signage like they do in other states. The bill dictates what dispensaries can look like and what packaging can look like.

“The products have to be designated, marketed, packaged in a manner that is appropriate for medicinal product. It cannot resemble a commercially sold candy or other type of food that’s typically marketed to children,” Lee said.

Doctors would have to be certified to give marijuana prescriptions and patients would have several hoops to jump through before they can get medicinal pot.

Those conditions include cancer, epilepsy, glaucoma, HIV, AIDS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Crohn’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, PTSD and multiple sclerosis.

The bill still has a long way to go, including getting through four different committees in the North Carolina Senate.

The hearing in the Judiciary Committee was just a first step. The committee heard from the public and senators got to ask questions about the proposal, but the bill will still have to come back for a vote.

The committee chair did not say when the bill could be back for senators to vote on whether or not it should proceed.

Posted on

can you buy marijuana seeds

Cannabis in Florida – Laws, Use, and History

Medicinal cannabis is legal in Florida, but recreational cannabis, at present, is not. Various representatives have attempted to pass bills to make cannabis use legal, but so far, they have been met with opposition. As such, the penalties for possessing or selling the drug remain severe, with prison sentences in place for even minor offences.

    • CBD Products
    • Legal
      • Recreational cannabis
      • Illegal
      • Medicinal cannabis
      • Legal since 2016

      Cannabis laws in Florida

      The US is governed by federal and state laws. This article covers the cannabis laws in the state of Florida. For US federal laws, please visit this page.

      Can you possess and use cannabis in Florida?

      At present, it’s illegal to possess and use cannabis in Florida. If caught with 20 grams or under, the offender may be given a prison sentence of up to a year, and/or a $1,000 fine. If the amount of cannabis is over 20 grams, the offence becomes a felony, rather than a misdemeanour, and the prison sentence rises to as long as five years (with a possible fine of $5,000).

      However, attempts are being made to make recreational cannabis use legal, as it is in some other US states. In 2019, state representatives Carlos Guillermo Smith and Michael Grieco filed a bill, seeking to legalise the drug. This wasn’t given a hearing or a vote. Their bill proposed to permit adults over the age of 21 to “use, possess, and transport” up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis, and grow up to six plants.

      One significant obstacle stands in the way of recreational cannabis being legalised, and that’s the restriction of citizen drives. Pushed by Republican representatives, the bill limits the impact citizen petitions can have on constitutional amendments. Given that four of the amendments involve changing current cannabis law, this is likely to be a major issue in the future.

      Governor Ron DeSantis signed this controversial bill in June 2019, and it came into immediate effect. The South Florida Sun-Sentinel referred to the move as an “arrogant abuse of political power.”

      Can you sell cannabis in Florida?

      Selling cannabis is also illegal in Florida. If the offender is caught trying to sell 20 grams or less, then the maximum prison sentence is one year, with a $1,000 fine. Selling 25 lb or less is a felony, and can result in up to five years in prison, plus a $5,000 fine. Anything over 25 lb but under 2,000 lb is punished with a three to 15-year prison sentence and a fine of $25,000.

      If the laws change after the 2020 general election, then selling cannabis may become legal. Regulate Florida are petitioning to not only get recreational cannabis legalised, but also to create a regulated industry, enabling the plant to be sold to the general public.

      Can you grow cannabis in Florida?

      It’s illegal to grow cannabis in Florida. If caught cultivating less than 25 plants, the maximum prison sentence is five years (with a $5,000 fine). For 25 to 300 plants, the sentence is increased to a maximum of 15 years and a fine of $10,000; and if the amount of plants is between 300 and 2,000, this changes again, to three to 15 years in prison, plus a $25,000 fine.

      If the offender is caught growing 2,000 to 10,000 plants, then the prison sentence is seven to 30 years, with a $50,000 fine. Any cultivation that takes place within 1,000 feet of an educational establishment, park or other specified area can result in a 15-year prison sentence and a $10,000 fine.

      The law may change in the future, permitting people in Florida to grow a limited number of plants for personal use only, in their homes. However, at the time of writing, the situation hangs in the balance.

      Is CBD legal in Florida?

      Since Congress removed hemp from their list of illegal drugs, CBD has been technically legal to use, sell, and buy in Florida. It must come from a licenced grower, and it isn’t allowed to contain more than trace levels of THC (the substance responsible for providing a ‘high’).

      In real terms, the law is far more complex. The Florida Department of Agriculture’s official stance is that it’s not legal to sell hemp or CBD, but Nikki Fried, the Agriculture Commissioner, is currently attempting to push through legislation to bring state law in line with federal law.

      In the interim period while the situation is ambiguous, the authorities have been largely turning a blind eye to consumers purchasing and using CBD. The few crack-downs that have occurred have been involving CBD retailers, not buyers.

      Despite the confusion surrounding the legality of CBD, sales have been booming across the state. During the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown, sales rose by around 59%, with people claiming they were using it to cope with depression and anxiety.

      Can cannabis seeds be sent to Florida?

      Cannabis seeds are legal in Florida, and may be freely purchased and sold. When it comes to mailing them into the state from another state, the law is a little more ambiguous, and there have been some reports of seeds being withheld at customs.

      Medicinal cannabis in Florida

      Although medicinal cannabis is still illegal at federal level, it was legalised in Florida in 2016. Bill 182 was originally approved by Florida’s Senate in 2014, with a 36 to three vote; and it was put in place to ensure that children with epilepsy had access to medicinal cannabis to treat their condition.

      The Senate’s decision was based on the case of a young girl called Charlotte, who was using CBD oil to treat her epilepsy. The bill was nicknamed the ‘Charlotte’s Web bill’ in honour of this girl, and after the high CBD cannabis strain that was named after her too (‘Charlotte’s Web).

      • Edibles cannot have bright colours, or resemble any commercial candy to minimize attraction to children.
      • They cannot be decorated with sprinkles, icing or any topping.
      • Edibles must be packaged appropriately, and can come in the form of lozenges, candy, baked goods, chocolates and drink powders.
      • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels must not exceed 10 mg in single servings, or 200 mg in multi-servings.

      Possessing cannabis-infused edibles without a valid medicinal card is illegal.

      Obtaining medicinal cannabis in Florida

      • have a Medical Marijuana Use Registry ID card, which permits them to buy and possess medicinal cannabis.
      • have a qualifying condition.
      • be a permanent or seasonal resident of the state.
      • agree to keep the medicinal cannabis in Florida – it can’t legally be taken across the border.
      • agree to use it privately – public use is forbidden.
      • store it out of reach of children, ideally in a locked box.

      How to qualify for an ID card

      In order to qualify for medicinal cannabis, the patient must first be diagnosed by a qualified physician. If the patient is under 18, a second physician needs to agree with the original diagnosis.

      Once approved, the patient is then entered into the Medical Marijuana Use Registry (and their caregiver, if applicable). They can then apply for an ID card, and obtain cannabis products at any approved Medical Marijuana Treatment Centre. Alternatively, they can have the products delivered to their home.

      Qualifying conditions

      The following health conditions have been approved for medicinal cannabis treatment in Florida:

      Industrial hemp in Florida

      Industrial hemp was legalised at federal level in 2018, under the Farm Bill. In 2019, Florida’s Senate voted unanimously to pass a bill, establishing a framework for the regulation of hemp cultivation in the state.

      If approved, the bill directs Florida’s Department of Agriculture to start drafting the rules for the state’s hemp industry, with regards to safety standards, licencing, and quality control. An advisory council will also be created, providing education to local communities, and explaining how hemp differs from cannabis.

      Good to know

      If you are travelling to Florida (or currently live there), you may be interested to know the following:

      • Although the authorities are adopting a relaxed approach to CBD at present, there have been clamp-downs on certain products. For example, in 2019, $33,000 worth of CBD edibles were seized, as they looked too much like children’s sweets.
      • In 2019, the Florida Board of Medicine officially approved the prescribing of smokeable medicinal cannabis.
      • The famous OG Kush strain was first cultivated in Florida, after a California strain was paired with Hindu Kush from Amsterdam.

      Related post

      Cannabis Use in Lebanon – Laws, Use, and History

      Cannabis history

      It took a long time for cannabis to make its way to Florida. Elsewhere in the country, the plant’s popularity grew significantly during the prohibition period (the 1920s), but Florida took a little while longer to fully embrace it.

      However, by 1931, the Key West Citizen commented that: “use of marijuana, a drug made from a Mexican plant, is rapidly spreading in the United States. And, the pity of it is, there is little legislation to prevent this.”

      At this time in the US, notable public figures and businessmen were promoting negativity towards the plant. Harry J. Anslinger, the first commissioner of the US Bureau of Narcotics, launched a smear campaign, blaming cannabis for several violent offences in the country. These cases of cannabis-inflicted crime were later debunked by historians.

      The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 saw the plant banned in Florida, along with the rest of the country. Although public perception was largely negative throughout the 1940s, by the 1950s and 60s, hippy culture had taken root – and cannabis was taken up by Florida’s hip young citizens.

      In fact, Florida was one of the first to embrace cannabis. The Miami Pop Festival (which was held a year before Woodstock) was full of people smoking it, along with performances by Fleetwood Mac, Joni Mitchell, and Jimi Hendrix.

      By the end of the 1960s, Florida was known as the US’s cannabis smuggling capital, with the drug regularly entering the ports. This continued throughout the following decade, though as well as gaining a reputation for trafficking the drug, the state was also renowned for growing it too.

      Ronald Reagan’s War on Drugs in the 80s meant that Florida’s cannabis fields were covered in chemicals, as part of the eradication efforts. The drugs cartels weren’t too worried about selling cannabis covered in toxic substances, which resulted in users getting sick. In 1988, the Miami Herald stated that the plant was the second biggest crop in Florida, bringing in around $400 million each year.

      By the 1990s, attitudes were changing once more. In 1991, Kenneth and Barbara Jenks were arrested for using cannabis to treat their AIDS symptoms. They appealed their conviction and were later acquitted. This, and other similar cases, eventually led to medicinal cannabis being legalised – though it took over 20 years for it to happen.

      Related post

      Cannabis in Algeria – Laws, Use, and History

      Attitudes towards cannabis

      The legalisation of medicinal cannabis demonstrates how attitudes towards the drug have changed in Florida. When the Medical Marijuana Legalisation Initiative was put to the vote, 71% of the state’s citizens approved it – a considerable majority.

      There is still some opposition to its use; notably from Republican representatives. However, it seems that the public are largely open to the legalisation of the drug.

      Will it be legalised in the future?

      Various attempts have been made to legalise recreational cannabis use in Florida. So far, none have been successful – but experts suggest that it’s only a matter of time before the legislation is passed.

      Buying Cannabis from a Dispensary vs. Growing Your Own Marijuana

      As a marijuana enthusiast, whether you enjoy recreational or medical cannabis, you may consider whether you should buy cannabis at a dispensary or grow your own marijuana. There are benefits and limitations to both options. Before you decide which way you will obtain your marijuana, see the pros and cons of each.

      Cannabis Dispensaries

      When purchasing cannabis from a local dispensary, consider all the pros and cons to see if it’s the best option for you.

      Pros: Obtaining Cannabis from Dispensaries

      • Receive a high-quality cannabis product – A dispensary is obligated to make you fully aware of what is in the marijuana strain that you are purchasing. The cannabis products are labeled with the amounts of THC and CBD and the specific terpenes. Marijuana products have been tested for pesticides and chemicals.
      • Variety of marijuana products – Dispensaries have an abundance of cannabis products that marijuana consumers can purchase. You’ll find marijuana edibles, concentrates, cannabis flowers, topicals, vapes, pre-rolls, and tinctures for sale at your local dispensary. If you are a medical card holder, with qualifying medical conditions, you’ll have a wide selection of cannabis products available to help treat your condition.
      • Availability – When you shop at a cannabis dispensary, you are able to buy marijuana when you’d like to consume it. On the other hand, when you grow your own cannabis, you have to wait a lengthy time for the marijuana seeds to produce a yield.
      • Reliable – Marijuana dispensaries usually have the cannabis products you want in stock. You can even check online to see your local dispensary’s marijuana inventory before you purchase with cash in-person.
      • Legal – Possessing marijuana is legal in an increasing number of states. If you go to an operating dispensary, you can be sure that they are following guidelines and laws as they want to stay open and not get fined. See all the states that have legalized marijuana for recreational and medical use.
      • Get your cannabis questions answered – Budtenders employed at dispensaries are full of cannabis knowledge. You can ask any marijuana related questions for recreational or medical use, and they will be able to help you.

      Cons: Obtaining Cannabis from Dispensaries

      • More expensive option – Overall, the convenience of having budtenders and cannabis cultivators grow the marijuana for you, adds to the cost of the marijuana products that you will find at a dispensary. Cannabis dispensaries are also heavily taxed so consumers see those taxes included in the price tag. If you are a regular cannabis consumer, you might find that purchasing marijuana from dispensaries is more costly as opposed to growing your own cannabis.
      • Marijuana laws and cannabis possession limits – There are cannabis possession limits that vary for every legalized marijuana state. Dispensaries have to be aware of how much they sell to marijuana users, and provide top of the line cannabis products to consumers, or they may lose their license and receive fines. See Illinois recreational marijuana laws from Leafly which states that recreational marijuana users over the age of 21, can possess 30 grams of marijuana or less, a total of 5 grams of concentrate, and the limit for cannabis edibles is 500 milligrams. Medical card holders are able to possess 2.5 ounces or less of medical cannabis every two weeks.
      • May have to travel a distance to find a cannabis dispensary – If you live in a legal marijuana state, some counties still don’t have dispensaries. This means you will have to be willing to travel a bit to get your marijuana.

      Cannabis Cultivation: Growing Marijuana Yourself

      Of course, you may realize that you’d like to consider growing your own marijuana. There are pros and cons to this method as well.

      Pros: Growing Your Own Marijuana

      • Save money buying marijuana – In the long run, you will most likely end up saving more money on obtaining marijuana by cultivating cannabis yourself. Of course, you have to expect upfront costs of purchasing all of the necessary growing equipment, but after you breakeven, you will end up seeing a difference in cost of growing cannabis and buying marijuana from a dispensary.
      • You can select which cannabis strains you’ll produce – From the start of the growing process, you will be able to select and purchase the cannabis seeds to plant. The more care and attention the plants receive the better quality marijuana product you will end up being able to smoke or consume.
      • You are in control of your marijuana garden – As you plant your marijuana garden, you will choose if you’d like to use pesticides, fertilizers, or grow organically. You can experiment with the growing process and see what works best for you and produces a quality product.
      • More resources available to marijuana cultivators – There is more information regarding growing your own cannabis to marijuana users who have always wanted to give it a shot but never knew how to begin. There are online sites, forums, videos, blogs, and even podcasts that have become popular as more and more cannabis users consider growing their own marijuana.
      • You always have a stash of marijuana available – Once you have the process of growing cannabis down, you will have your own cannabis inventory. This means you won’t have to drive to a dispensary and wait in long lines.
      • Gain overall appreciation and knowledge of the cannabis plant – As you grow marijuana, you will learn more about the cannabis plant.
      • Legal to grow your own cannabis in most states – In Illinois, it is only legal for medical marijuana users to grow their own cannabis. Leafly states the Illinois marijuana growing laws which say that medical patients who have medical marijuana cards, can grow up to 5 cannabis plants if they follow all of the legal guidelines.
      • You can use all parts of marijuana plant – When you go to a dispensary, you don’t always get every part of the marijuana plant including the stems, leaves, and seeds.

      Cons: Growing Your Own Marijuana

      • Limited strains produced – When you grow your own cannabis, you don’t have the wide assortment of marijuana products that cannabis dispensaries offer. You are usually able to grow only one type of strain.
      • Takes a lot of resources to grow cannabis – Time, money, upfront investment, and space either indoors or outdoors. Length of process varies depending on environmental factors. You also have to budget for expensive growing equipment, including lights, soil, grow tents, marijuana seeds, and water.
      • Legally grown – Follow regulations including keeping out of reach of children by locking the room or area where cannabis is being cultivated. You also have to make sure the marijuana garden is not public, so you should grow cannabis in tents.
      • Cannabis possession limits – Each states’ marijuana possession limits still apply to cannabis cultivators. You have to be careful how much of a yield your cannabis crop will produce as you can be fined for how much marijuana you grow. Remember that possession amounts vary from state to state. Keep in mind, if you are a medical patient, you can usually possess higher amounts. It pays to know the law in your state.
      • Lack of cannabis knowledge – If you try to start growing marijuana without doing proper research, you will risk ruining your harvest, and losing your investment.
      • Requires constant care – You will have to spend time each day monitoring your marijuana garden or indoor grow room. If you neglect your marijuana plants, you risk them being ruined by pests, disease, and mold growth which leaves you with worthless cannabis plants, and you will have to start all over.

      There are pros and cons for each of these methods of possessing marijuana. You have to see which option, either buying cannabis from a dispensary or growing marijuana yourself is best for you by weighing the pros and cons. We may be biased, but we think dispensaries offer a great deal of variety and quality marijuana products. Choose an EarthMed dispensary for your cannabis purchases.

Posted on

marijuana seed company reddit california

Tasty weed seeds in california?

Hi, I’m from Uruguay. Next month some friends are travelling to California and we are interested in buying some seeds. Here in Uruguay we run a cannabis club and we are looking for great buds to our membership. It’s very important the taste of the genetics that we will bue, specificly we are looking for something with strong taste, something that you will remember it for how it tastes. What can you recommend us in your experience? We like breedes like Symbiotics Genetics, in house genetics, dank genetics, Humboldt.

Any kind of Cookies (Animal, Blue, Platinum). Its kind of overrated here in CA, but undeniably my favorite strain. The taste is extraordinary and the high is amazing. Its a hybrid if your into that sort of thing. You’ll make a killing.

The Official Microgrowery Seedbank Thread!! The thread to end all threads.

Since we keep getting the question over and over about where to buy seeds I think we need to just have one giant discussion about it and put it to rest. If it turns out well we can see if the mods will sidebar it so others can have a fast reference with a ton of great comments and suggestions.

So, I ask for all of you to participate and offer your experiences with these seedbanks and add to the list if you've purchased from somewhere else.

Update: "What is a good strain for a beginner that doesn't smell much?"

Since this gets asked constantly I figured I'd just answer it right here. Northern Lights is considered to be very easy to grow and is not overpowering with smell either, it will still smell some though. Other than that suggestion just grow what you want to smoke would be my advice.

Here is our current seedbank list:

International Only(No shipping to the USA)

Additional Resources

Seed Searches:

Seed Finder (seed search engine and genetics info)

Seed Bank Tracker:

Greenman's Seedbank Update (Has ratings for some seedbanks and a list of banks to stay away from)

Please give your experiences with these seedbanks and let us all know:

What You Purchased

Price After Shipping

Approximate Delivery Time

Your Happiness Level and any other comments

Thanks for your participation!

(This is a self post, upvote for visibility please)

Check out Greenman's Seed Bank Update. He has been maintaining it for about 15 years.

This should go to the top of the thread, nice find.

Thanks, I added it.

I've ordered from Nirvana three times, and I can't recommend them highly enough. Both times I purchased feminized seeds. Price after shipping was roughly $60 for 10 seeds IIRC.

Delivery was very stealthy and took 1 – 1 1/2 weeks. The first time I bought from them, it took a little longer to arrive, and I contacted them with my concerns. They shipped out another order the same day, and were extremely helpful and polite. I ended up receiving both packages after all.

100% of seeds have germinated and been female.

What else can I say? Buy from Nirvana, you won't regret it!

You say $60 so I assume you're in the States. is this a good source for us Yankees?

Can anyone recommend a seed bank in particular for melbourne australia?

Ordered from Sannies on 11/06 as an Election Day upvote for Colorado and Washington 🙂

5 X Sugar Punch Fem 6 X Feminized Assortment (2 ea. Killingfields, Shackzilla and Hericules)

got 5 X Katzu Kush X Killingfields as a freebee.

Just over $115 US with shipping to a Great Lakes state.

Order shipped on 11/07 – arrived today 11/14. PostNL tracking info was useless once it left Europe – the mail guy showed up unannounced.

Very nice stealth. Nice looking, plump, glossy specimens. I am well pleased.

Upvotes for Sannies from me!

Thanks for the review!

Just a quick side note/question for people in our lovely subreddit.

why the fuck do you continually downvote posts requesting information from the members of the sub? do you not enjoy having more resources available to you FOR FREE online?

Two things happening with downvotes:

Handwavey "reddit-anti-spam-anti-bot-anti-something-in-the-algorithm-oh-my-god-there-are-ghosts-in-the-machine" reason that you see everywhere. By all accounts the up/down votes are "fuzzy" to try to prevent gaming the system or something. So just because you see a downvote, doesn't mean it actually exists; and just because you see 4 doesn't mean there are exactly 4.

There are axes to grind everywhere. I think most of the downvotes here fall into either: a) oh my god you're an idiot and I feel like being a little mean/rude to you or b) oh, its you, fuck you.

Can't do much about either one of them though. Best not to think about it 🙂

I wouldn't worry too much about it, only 4 downvotes. I'm pretty sure someones hate for me accounts for at least 1 of them, so 3 actual downvotes. Not really that bad. I swear reddit inserts downvotes sometimes just for shits and giggles. We have some great responses here though and that's all I care about.

I purchased from Attitude: I ordered all Fem seeds. OG #18 (Privada Reserva), Kandy Kush (Privada Reserva), Green Love Potion, Sugar Mango Ryder and some other free seed.

Sugar Mango Ryder (Autoflower)- Yielded an Oz, grown under a 90w LED. Haven't harvested any of the others yet.

Packaging was discreet and I received a pretty cool T-Shirt with my guaranteed delivery. Packaging described a "Tshirt and keychain." Can't remember how long it took but I think it was about a week. I'm happy and would definitely purchase from them again. I guess it was kind of pricey but I use a cloner so I really only wanted the genetics.

EDIT: Thanks JustinTime233 for setting this up. Hopefully it will cut down the 3 daily posts that say "Where should I get my seed?" LOL

Hopefully it will cut down the 3 daily posts that say "Where should I get my seed?" LOL

That's the plan, it gets tiring answering the same thing over and over and each thread is always just a few posts and hardly any decent info, I figured this would be the best way to just get it done and then we can all just say, check the link in the sidebar and here's all this info for them to see and reviews.

what setup did you have for the Sugar Mango Ryder that made it able to grow under that LED?

Those two Privada Reserva strains are on my list. I'm excited about trying them out!

Privada Reserva has some expensive stuff on there. Would love to try some of it though.

Just received my purchase form Attitude and I am very impressed.

Ordered August 6th, received August 20th.

Purchased: 3x Sour Blueberry seeds from Humboldt Seed Org. 1x Liberty Haze from Barneys Farm, and 1x Purple Haze from G13 Labs – all fem. during their August special.

I received for free: 1x Samsara Seeds El Alquimista, 1x Dinafem Seeds Fruit AUTOMATIC, 1x Reserva Privada OG Kush, 1x Dinafem Seeds Original Amnesia AUTO, 1x Emerald Triangle Seeds Bubba 76, and 1x Humboldt Seed Organisation Sour Diesel #2 – all fem.

Not a bad deal for $49.71. Paid $25.66 in shipping. insurance (they give you a t-shirt, a mug, or wallet so they can insure that and not the seeds) also paid around $3 for a crush proof tin.

Expected delivery to take a while since it was out of the US but it definately was not too long of a wait. Everything came VERY well packed. Their monthly specials are amazing, plus I used a coupon code: 420 for 10% off. I believe this always works!

Posted on

marijuana seed to consumer stocks

5 Blue-Chip "Marijuana Stocks"

The legality of cannabis – marijuana – within the United States is a gray area.

The legality of cannabis – marijuana – within the United States is a gray area. It’s illegal in all forms at a federal level, but the nation’s Drug Enforcement Agency and other law-enforcement arms have largely decided to turn a blind eye to states that have legalized cannabis one way or another.

Nevertheless, the cannabis industry to date remains fragmented, served only by relatively small marijuana stocks and private companies that lose money more often than not. The missing ingredient: scale, or size.

While so-called “mom ‘n’ pop” shops may be able to eke out reliable profits, attempts at mass marketing have largely been fiscal failures. The cannabis business needs bigger backers if it’s going to become a mass-market product. But Fortune 500 companies have mostly opted to steer clear given the inconsistent and unclear legalities.

That’s changing, though. A handful of large, prominent companies are signaling that this market is becoming big enough to address. Today, we’ll give you a rundown of five blue-chip “marijuana stocks” to watch. Just note: These are enormous multinationals bringing in billions of dollars in revenues. Merely dipping a toe into the cannabis business won’t make these stocks suddenly double overnight. Instead, they offer ways to invest in sound, profitable businesses … with the potential for a little additional marijuana upside.

Coca-Cola

Of the five stocks discussed in this article, beverage giant Coca-Cola (KO, $45.68) seemed the least likely to venture into the marijuana fray. But Coca-Cola shocked the world in September when it conceded it was thinking about it.

Let’s be clear: That’s a far cry from being in the business. Coca-Cola spokesman Kent Landers ultimately declared in an interview with BNN Bloomberg that “no decisions have been made at this time.” Still, merely saying “We are closely watching the growth of non-psychoactive CBD as an ingredient in functional wellness beverages around the world” is significant.

There are credible hints that the potential product in mind is a cannabidiol-infused drink. The company reportedly is in talks with Canadian marijuana stock Aurora Cannabis (ACBFF), which already is a key North American supplier of legal cannabis. Aurora already offers a cannabis-infused drink of its own, but it lacks the marketing firepower of a blue-chip stock such as Coca-Cola. A partnership between the two could be a win-win.

Cowen analyst Vivien Azer wrote, “Beyond KO, we would not be surprised to hear of a deal from (PepsiCo) as well (with CBD seemingly a good complement to their market share leading Gatorade franchise).”

Imperial Tobacco Group

Don’t let Imperial Tobacco Group’s (IMBBY, $34.60) over-the-counter listing fool you. OTC-listing fool you. Imperial is a stable, reputable $32 billion cigarette company. The U.K.-based firm simply doesn’t bother to maintain an exchange listing in the United States, which can often be more of a headache than it’s worth.

The company already has shown some interest in the legal marijuana business by virtue of a recent investment in a young cannabinoid company. That company is U.K.-based biopharma outfit Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, or OCT.

Imperial Brands Ventures, a division of Imperial Tobacco, bought an undisclosed stake in the company in July. Imperial Chief Development Officer Matthew Phillips explained at the time, “Cannabinoid products have significant potential and our investment enables Imperial to support OCT’s important research while building a deeper understanding of the medical cannabis market.”

There’s still a considerable disconnect between tobacco cigarettes and medical cannabis, calling into question the potential synergies of the relationship. It seems unlikely consumers will be able to simply pick up a pack of marijuana cigarettes at their local convenience store, where Imperial Tobacco has a solid presence, anytime soon. The investment is only a stake in a healthcare company, and a speculative one at that.

Nevertheless, Imperial may have just tipped its hand.

Molson Coors

Peter Horvath, CEO of cannabis company Green Growth Brands, has seen the revolution start to unfurl firsthand. But the industry has only scratched the surface. He explains, “As cannabis continues to evolve to the mainstream, in Canada on October 17, and state-by-state in the U.S., more and more large companies AND talent from those companies will enter the market, because no other market is growing like this market … depending on your source, +$28 billion USD in the next 5 years.”

Through his business-oriented lens, Horvath also knows where many of those consumer dollars are being redirected from: “Clearly, liquor needs to hedge customer migration to cannabis,” he says. “Beer is suffering, and liquor is down in mature recreational cannabis state in the U.S.”

The trend poses a direct threat to beer giant Molson Coors (TAP, $61.84), though the company may not be as behind the eight ball as it seems. In early August, Molson Coors’ Canadian unit entered into a joint venture with The Hydropothecary Corporation “to pursue opportunities to develop non-alcoholic, cannabis-infused beverages for the Canadian market.”

The exact nature and target market for this beverage is not yet clear; the companies themselves may not have anything particular in mind. But it is clear that Molson Coors knows it needed to plant a seed.

Philip Morris

Despite a variety of ways to ingest it and enjoy the euphoric high of recreational marijuana, simply smoking it remains the preferred means of use. That leaves traditional tobacco stocks such as the aforementioned Imperial Tobacco and Philip Morris (PM, $79.91) the odds-on favorites to make the most out of ongoing legalization efforts here and abroad.

That said, cigarette companies may not be quite as keen to rush into the marijuana market as many believe.

Andrew Kessner, Equity Research Analyst at William O’Neil & Co., recently explained, “We think big tobacco will remain much more cautious than beverage makers about expanding into cannabis. These companies are hoping to gain FDA approval for reduced risk tobacco products (RRPs), like Philip Morris’s IQOS heated tobacco device. We believe a cannabis acquisition, even if outside the U.S., could weaken their standing with the agency and potentially jeopardize these RRP approval efforts.”

Philip Morris CEO Andre Calantzopoulos recently echoed the sentiment, telling Bloomberg the company has no plans at this time to enter the cannabis market. He also noted its recent efforts to cultivate alternatives to tobacco cigarettes.

But Calantzopoulos also glossed over the fact that the company is already in the cannabis business, even if it’s just indirectly.

In early 2016, Philip Morris invested $20 million in Israeli startup Syqe Medical, which has developed a metered-dose vaporizer of raw plant material. It’s for medical purposes only – for now – but it’s still a stake in the movement, and the technology could arguably be adapted for a variety of non-medicinal uses.

30 Marijuana Stocks to Buy as the Future Turns Green

[Editor’s note: This story was originally published in May 2018. It has since been republished and updated to include the most relevant information available. At least one stock has been removed from this list.]

In the digital era, it feels ironic that one of the hottest sectors in the market today is levered toward a naturally-occurring substance with a history spanning millennia. I’m speaking, of course, about marijuana stocks. Through favorable legislation across the globe, the botanical industry has begun to transition from the black market to a legitimate one.

Theoretically, this should bolster the long-term narrative for marijuana stocks. Unfortunately, as we saw in 2019, reality doesn’t always align with expectations. With many cannabis firms focused on growth and expansion, several names were left fiscally vulnerable.

Usually that doesn’t bother investors, so long as the bet is justified. However, myriad headwinds, particularly the ongoing supply-chain issues in the Canadian cannabis market, left the industry exposed. As individual weed firms delivered poor earnings results one after the other, Wall Street simply had enough. Thus began massive hemorrhaging for marijuana stock pricess.

Still, contrarian speculators may want to reconsider the green market for 2020. On a technical basis, several marijuana stocks appear to have found a bottom. Certainly, the rate of deceleration has narrowed substantially over the last few months. And many companies are showing signs of a possible recovery.

Yes, cannabis stocks remain risky ventures. That said, both legislative and social trends favor the weed space. For example, according to the Pew Research Center, two-thirds of Americans say that marijuana use should be legalized, reflecting years of steadily increasing tolerant opinions. And cannabidiol (CBD) is proving very popular following the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.

Prominent analysts view this year as the pivot after cannabis players have learned several hard lessons. With that, here are 30 marijuana stocks to make your portfolio green again!

Cronos Group (CRON)

With marijuana stocks still jostling for position in the sector’s starting phase, we’ve seen several shifts. In this open-ended arena, Cronos Group (NASDAQ:CRON) has emerged as the unofficial leader of the pack. CRON stock has benefited from key acquisitions thanks to strong backing from tobacco giant Altria (NYSE:MO).

That said, it’s been a rough ride for cannabis players. Dethroned from prior “buy” ratings, Cronos and its peers have wilted this year from higher expectations.

I’m not trying to dismiss these challenges. But over the long run, CRON stock appears a solid buy. For example, the acquisition of Redwood Holding Group gives the company exposure to the U.S. CBD market via Redwood’s Lord Jones brand.

This is a huge deal for Cronos since CBD is incredibly popular in the U.S. because it lacks the social stigma of marijuana: CBD has either no amount of THC, or just a trace amount.

Aurora Cannabis (ACB)

Roughly one year ago, Aurora Cannabis (NYSE:ACB) was streaking toward the heavens. At the time, enthusiasm among marijuana stocks to buy was strong due partially to the “newness” factor.

Quite simply, we’ve never witnessed an illegal market suddenly enter the mainstream with robust public support. Combined with Aurora’s focus on the far less controversial medical-cannabis business, ACB stock seemed like a lock.

Recently though, Aurora Cannabis has started to look decidedly weak among the marijuana majors. As many of its peers demonstrate signs of life, ACB stock is struggling to stay afloat. A poor financial picture combined with key executive departures make the investment thesis appear unsustainable.

Though incredibly risky at this point, ACB stock could benefit from the “rising tide” phenomenon. If conditions in the Canadian cannabis market — along with the international markets — improve, Aurora could jump based on the power of sheer emotional speculation.

Canopy Growth (CGC)

Canopy Growth (NYSE:CGC) is a perfect microcosm for the prior hype — and present reality — of marijuana stocks to buy. Before volatility massacred the sector, CGC stock was one of Wall Street’s darlings. With an aggressive expansionary strategy, Canopy appeared poised to go places.

It also didn’t hurt that alcoholic beverages giant Constellation Brands (NYSE:STZ) acquired nearly a 40% stake in CGC stock. Naturally, the cash influx helped Canopy’s balance sheet, giving it the confidence to expand.

However, CGC stock recently took a dive in the markets following an analyst warning. According to the report, Canopy is burning through cash “at an alarming rate.” As many of my InvestorPlace colleagues have pointed out, sustaining the expansion strategy would dangerously dilute shares.

Inevitably, Constellation lost patience with CGC, resulting in a shakeup at the top and the ousting of Canopy CEO Bruce Linton. The beverage giant later pushed David Klein to run the organization as CEO.

Best of all, Wall Street is loving the effort Canopy has exerted turning itself around. For its fiscal third-quarter earnings report, CGC greatly exceeded expectations. The positive news has even reverberated throughout the industry, boosting less-than-stellar names.

Tilray (TLRY)

Touching $300 on an intra-day basis shortly after its initial public offering, Tilray (NASDAQ:TLRY) has certainly forwarded some impressive stats. Of course, winning in the markets is about more than just posting one-off pretty numbers. And for TLRY stock, the journey has been decidedly negative since touching that psychologically significant benchmark.

Indeed, the company posted one of the ugliest losses in the marijuana sector last year. Opening at $70 in 2019, TLRY stock proceeded on a largely unmitigated bearish trend from early March onward. By the end of December, equity had plummeted more than 75%.

Therefore, I can understand investors not wanting to touch TLRY stock with a ten-foot pole. However, a long-shot-but-believable case exists. With international interest in medical cannabis rising, it could provide Tilray a pathway to recovery. Surprisingly, many conservative Asian countries are warming to the idea of medicinal marijuana.

If you’re risk tolerant, you probably don’t want to remove TLRY from your “buy” list just yet.

Aphria (APHA)

Of the major marijuana stocks to buy, Aphria (NYSE:APHA) is a truly interesting case. A little more than a year ago, Aphria found itself in hot water after a damning short-seller’s report. That report accused the company of shady dealings via the acquisition of assets that largely benefited corporate insiders as opposed to shareholders. Not surprisingly, APHA stock tumbled on the news.

Furthermore, the controversy resulted in severe consequences. Part of these consequences involved the ousting of former Aphria CEO Vic Neufeld and co-founder Cole Cacciavillani. And for the most part, APHA stock responded with wild trading.

However, an intriguing point is that Hain Celestial’s (NASDAQ:HAIN) Irwin Simon stepped in as interim CEO, eventually taking over the job full time. For someone with such a strong professional repertoire, Simon’s taking a big risk with APHA stock.

Moreover, InvestorPlace’s Chris Markoch made the case that APHA stock could become a buyout target. As Markoch points out, Aphria is a profitable company, which is a rarity among marijuana stocks to buy. While still risky, I think there’s enough reward potential here to make APHA worthwhile.

GW Pharmaceuticals (GWPH)

I might get in trouble for listing GW Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:GWPH) among marijuana stocks to buy.

During last year’s Morgan Stanley Global Healthcare Conference, GW Pharmaceuticals CEO Justin Gover expressed his frustration over being mixed up with the pure weed crowd. In his view, GWPH stock is a biotech investment, and maybe that’s the case. However, GW’s flagship drug, Epidiolex, is a cannabis-derived therapy for treating seizures.

Thus, I’m sorry to say, but Gover’s protests sound like a pop star complaining about singing the same song repeatedly. Just give the audience what they want and collect your millions. And there’s no such thing as bad publicity.

Enough of my rant. A substantial tailwind underlining GWPH stock is the opioid crisis. Opening the eyes of millions of Americans, the raging controversy demonstrated that even well-meaning traditional pharmaceutical companies can distribute therapies that render startling consequences.

As a largely natural treatment, Epidiolex shows great promise, especially in this environment. Therefore, I’d keep GWPH stock in your shortlist of cannabis stocks to buy, even if that descriptor frustrates the CEO.

Curaleaf Holdings (CURLF)

It doesn’t take much analysis to realize that the cannabis stocks to buy from 2018 really didn’t pan out last year. Unfortunately, with the sector losing fiscal credibility, the Street demanded firm results.

When most companies couldn’t deliver, the entire market sub-segment suffered. That said, Curaleaf Holdings (OTCMKTS:CURLF) and CURLF stock are generally moving against the grain.

There’s no doubt that Curaleaf has been putting investors on a wild ride. But since the beginning of November 2019, CURLF stock is up nearly 35%. Of course, prospective buyers want to know, can this momentum continue?

With cannabis stocks, you can never make absolutely confident pronouncements. Nevertheless, Curaleaf has made key acquisitions, including GR Companies. More commonly known as Grassroots, it’s the largest private vertically integrated multi-state operator. The deal also gives Curaleaf exposure to markets it wouldn’t serve without the acquisition.

As with almost every name in the cannabis segment, CURLF stock is a speculative play. However, I do like its strategic moves to consolidate the dispensary business.

Green Thumb Industries (GTBIF)

Another compelling opportunity among over-the-counter traded marijuana stocks to buy, Green Thumb Industries (OTCMKTS:GTBIF) has also defied bearish expectations.

Despite a burst of bullishness in early 2019, GTBIF stock has incurred its fair share of volatility. Between the beginning of May and the end of August, Green Thumb shed 41% of its market value. Still, its subsequent stability — via a horizontal trend channel — gave investors food for thought.

One of the powerful attributes supporting GTBIF stock longer-term is its branded cannabis assets. Last year, Green Thumb made headlines when it acquired the vertically integrated For Success Holding Company. For Success’s claim to fame is Beboe, which is a premium cannabis brand unlike anything you’ve seen. Essentially, it’s the Williams-Sonoma (NYSE:WSM) of weed.

Now, that gives an edge to GTBIF stock because branding is what will distinguish top retail cannabis plays from the mediocre. That’s because growing marijuana isn’t rocket science, and thus you need a distinguishing factor to stand out.

Harvest Health & Recreation (HRVSF)

A vertically integrated cannabis operator, Harvest Health & Recreation (OTCMKTS:HRVSF) provides comprehensive coverage for botanical enthusiasts. Part of the challenge involved in converting the curious to cannabis is information: the who, what, where, when, why and most importantly, how.

Harvest Health’s website does a great job explaining the process for attaining medical cannabis cards in various states, ultimately helping the case for HRVSF stock through increased revenue opportunities.

Another point that’s alluring about HRVSF stock is the underlying company’s brands. Being vertically integrated, Harvest Health has multiple pathways to increase sales, such as retail stores and branded products.

For the latter category, Harvest features several oils, ointments and consumables, such as tinctures and CBD-infused protein bars. Especially amidst the vaping crisis, it’s very useful to have the ability to offer non-controversial cannabis platforms.

Sadly, it’s not all good news for HRVSF stock. Like other over-the-counter cannabis stocks to buy, Harvest shares have suffered badly last year. However, shares have been lively this year, possibly signaling an impending recovery.

Innovative Industrial Properties (IIPR)

In my opinion, Innovative Industrial Properties (NYSE:IIPR) is one of the more underappreciated marijuana stocks to buy.

As a cannabis-centric real estate investment trust, Innovative Industrial owns the distinction of being the first cannabis company listed on a major stock exchange. The honor is particularly conspicuous as the overwhelming majority of direct cannabis investments are over-the-counter affairs.

So far, IIPR is proving it can hang with the big boys at the New York Stock Exchange. In 2018, IIPR stock gained 39%, and in 2019, shares skyrocketed over 72%, making it one of the very few cannabis stocks to be in the black last year.

Frankly, I’m not terribly surprised that IIPR stock has outperformed. Sure, everybody wants to jump in on the sexy side of the cannabis business. But real estate is the foundation of this industry. As more state governments legalize marijuana, you can expect IIPR stock to continue rising higher.

Hexo (HEXO)

Thanks to its high-potential longer-term strategies, Hexo (NYSE:HEXO) is an intriguing play. Unfortunately, like most other marijuana stocks, holding a position in HEXO stock has not been easy.

Shares cratered in 2019 as the Street teed off on the sector, and Hexo hasn’t done much to help itself. The company has had bleak report after bleak report, and there have been worries that Hexo is pretty much out of gas.

Fortunately, the company has bet big on Cannabis 2.0 and as the edible rollout begins in early 2020, it’s possible that Hexo can affect a turnaround.

Furthermore, Hexo offers intriguing upside potential from its partnership with Molson Coors Brewing (NYSE:TAP). With CBD-infused beverages and edibles becoming increasingly popular, HEXO is well positioned to ride out this burgeoning market.

cbdMD (YCBD)

With most cannabis stocks, the underlying companies are headquartered in Canada. But cbdMD (NYSEAMERICAN:YCBD) calls Charlotte, North Carolina home.

That has significant advantages in terms of building consumer engagement and trust. The company also provides jobs for the American people, which is a valuable component of the YCBD stock story.

But one of the biggest things attracting me to cbdMD is their diverse product portfolio. From oils to tinctures to edibles, the cannabis firm provides several avenues to enjoy the benefits of non-psychoactive CBD.

Let’s face it: You’re probably not going to roll up a joint and give it to your grandmother as an introductory platform. But a tincture or gummy? They’re much easier conversation pieces, further bolstering the argument for YCBD stock.

Now, YCBD stock was gutted earlier this year as reports indicate that the hemp/cannabidiol markets have excess supply. That might be the case with the present demand picture. But as CBD becomes a double-digit billion-dollar market in the next few years, this situation could change favorably for cbdMD.

Acreage Holdings (ACRGF)

One of the more established names in the legal marijuana market, Acreage Holdings (OTCMKTS:ACRGF) has generated more than a few headlines.

Over the years, Acreage has grown to one of the biggest cannabis firms in the U.S. As a vertically integrated name, investors of ACRGF stock have exposure to cultivation, production and dispensary facilities.

But those are really secondary reasons to own ACRGF stock. Instead, the key driver for Acreage is its deal with Canopy Growth. The latter will buy out the former for $3.4 billion. But here’s the catch: the U.S. first must legalize marijuana.

Logically, this implies that the U.S. must remove cannabis from its current Schedule I classification. Over the years, many legislators have tried, and so far, all have failed.

Historically, that suggests ACRGF stock would never meet the criteria. However, as controversial as marijuana is, full legalization isn’t completely out of the picture. That’s because the maligned plant represents the fastest-growing job market in the U.S.

Whether you believe a recession is on the horizon or not, we’re certainly living in economically sensitive times. Legalizing weed can help alleviate some of this pressure.

Trulieve Cannabis (TCNNF)

An increasingly common factor among marijuana stocks to buy is that the underlying companies emphasize the holistic nature of the cannabis plant, and not just its stereotypical use.

That distinction carries through with Trulieve Cannabis (OCTMKTS:TCNNF). A company that primarily focuses on the Florida dispensary market, Trulieve helps demystify medical cannabis, as well as provide patients with the assistance they need.

Like so many of the cannabis stocks we’ve covered, TCNNF stock has had a rough showing since the spring season of last year. However, shares hit a bottom in late August. Additionally, Trulieve’s equity is riding a support line that’s been in place since mid-October.

Trulieve is one of the few cannabis players that’s consistently profitable in terms of operating and net income. That really separates TCNNF stock from its major competitors, as they’ve failed to satisfy Wall Street’s raised standards. At least this Florida-based dispensary is pulling in the numbers.

Scotts Miracle-Gro (SMG)

Not all marijuana stocks have to be speculative affairs, as Scotts Miracle-Gro (NYSE:SMG) demonstrates. Ordinarily, you wouldn’t consider Scotts Miracle-Gro a weed company. However, let me be blunt: Whatever agricultural growth products Scotts comes up with, the marijuana industry desperately needs. And that’s the basic thesis for SMG stock.

As the cannabis sector continues to tack on new entrepreneurs and customers, Scotts’ revenue will only increase. Therefore, you can expect fertilizer, hydroponics and lighting systems inventory to decline more than usual. To be fair, Scotts doesn’t generate a majority of its sales from marijuana. However, this means that SMG is diversified and not dependent on the burgeoning sector.

The drama of last year delivered a perfect example. While so many marijuana stocks floundered, SMG stock was sitting pretty with a return of nearly 80%. Furthermore, shares are looking good so far this year, up 14% at time of writing.

If you’re serious about cannabis investing, SMG stock is a great hedge against inevitable volatility. Not only that, Scotts pays a dividend yielding 1.93%, something that very few marijuana companies can claim.

AbbVie (ABBV)

Similar to Scotts Miracle-Gro, AbbVie (NYSE:ABBV) is a renowned name with exposure to the marijuana industry. But unlike Scotts, whose products are coincidentally beneficial to cannabis companies, AbbVie has actively utilized the plant in its business.

The company’s drug Marinol, a cannabis-based drug, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The treatment alleviates nausea or vomiting symptoms in chemotherapy patients. Marinol also helps people living with AIDS regain their appetite.

That said, I wouldn’t consider ABBV stock as this sector’s clean-up hitter. As pioneering as it is, Marinol only makes up a small portion of total revenues. Rather, use ABBV as a hedge against this market’s notorious volatility.

Also, ABBV stock has taken a big hit since early 2018 because of the various controversies impacting the healthcare segment. However, shares have been making a decisive comeback since September of 2019. Plus, with a 4.95% dividend yield, AbbVie looks interesting on its own merits.

Medicine Man Technologies (MDCL)

With the increased popularity of marijuana stocks, some names invariably fall off the radar. While most folks zero in on the major Canadian cannabis firms, you should also consider lesser-known names like Medicine Man Technologies (OTCMKTS:MDCL) for higher-risk, higher-reward plays. Last year, MDCL stock nearly doubled in market value.

As a consulting firm, Medicine Man hits virtually every corner of the weed business. From licensing and application support to maximizing cultivation output and turnkey facility solutions, the company offers critical services to marijuana entrepreneurs.

What makes MDCL more compelling than many of its smaller competitors is that we’re seeing substantive financial results. Revenue continues to grow on an annual basis since 2016, and this remains true on a quarterly basis as well. And in 2018, Medicine Man delivered a small profit for the year.

Don’t get me wrong: MDCL stock is still a speculative play. Its nearly 16% loss since the January opener is evidence. However, a recovering marijuana sector could help shore up the Medicine Man’s business.

MariMed (MRMD)

Before we get into the details for MariMed (OCTMKTS:MRMD), I’m going to be straightforward. Based on the technical performance of MRMD stock, this is an extremely speculative play. In 2019, shares dropped nearly 81%. That’s not just bad for marijuana stocks; it’s just plain awful.

However, what attracts me as a contrarian to MariMed is its business. Like Innovative Industrial Properties, MariMed specializes in the administrative and operational properties of the cannabis industry.

Called seed-to-sale, MRMD helps cannabis entrepreneurs at all stages of their business. Currently, the company manages 300,000 square feet of botanical facilities, helping to make the case for MRMD stock.

Though risks abound, it’s very possible that additional individual states will legalize “full-strength” marijuana to varying degrees. Combined with entrepreneurial interest in the CBD space, MRMD stock could enjoy a recovery year in 2020.

Aleafia (ALEAF)

Although not necessarily a household name here, Aleafia Health (OTCMKTS:ALEAF) is increasingly making its presence known up north. As one of Canada’s leading cannabis-based health clinics, Aleafia Health has put up some encouraging numbers.

Highlights for its most recent quarter ending Sep. 30, 2019 included medical cannabis sales up 43% sequentially and adult-use cannabis sales up 53%. Additionally, total expenses decreased 30% quarter-to-quarter.

Impressively, the company has seen over 65,000 clinic patients. That’s particularly important as ALEAF stock is also levered to the indoor and outdoor cultivation business.

Additionally, Aleafia invests heavily in research and development for medical cannabis formulations. Currently, their research focuses on the treatment of opioid dependence, as well as chronic illnesses such as pain, insomnia, anxiety and eating disorders.

Fundamentally, there’s a lot to like about ALEAF stock. In my view, it has significant upside potential. However, due to the fallout among cannabis stocks, ALEAF stock was caught in the downdraft.

Admittedly, ALEAF stock is an ultra-risky name so only those that can handle volatility need apply. However, shares appear to have found a support line recently, so they do entice.

Charlotte’s Web (CWBHF)

One of the benefits of full legalization in the U.S. is that it would give American companies opportunities they normally wouldn’t have.

Fortunately for Charlotte’s Web (OCTMKTS:CWBHF), it is headquartered in Colorado, which has long been a green-friendly state. Coincidentally, CWBHF stock was one of the strongest marijuana stocks to buy up until late summer of last year. Since then, shares have taken a hit.

That’s largely because the CBD market may have gotten ahead of itself, producing more cannabidiol than was necessary. Still, this may be an opportunity for CWBHF stock.

For one thing, Charlotte’s Web presents a clean, wholesome image. The company has done an excellent job mitigating the stereotypical representation of the cannabis plant. That really helps toward evangelizing the benefits of CBD- and hemp-based treatments, potentially bolstering shares.

Another tailwind is the product diversity. Many are curious about CBD, but they may not want to hit a bong or roll a joint. Charlotte’s Web offers consumables, oils and creams, facilitating the cannabis message innocuously. It’s a smart approach, one that could boost CWBHF stock this year.

New Age Beverages (NBEV)

One of the more interesting names within the cannabis market is CBD-beverage specialist New Age Beverages (NASDAQ:NBEV). According to Canaccord Genuity (OTCMKTS:CCORF), cannabis-infused beverages could become a $600 million industry by 2022. Unfortunately, this hasn’t translated to solid returns for NBEV stock.

Like many cannabis names, New Age Beverages saw its equity take a huge beating last year. Though the concept is enticing, CBD is still a relatively new phenomenon, and the rush of production following the Agriculture Improvement Act didn’t immediately find demand.

Nevertheless, NBEV stock has moved substantially higher this year. And in my opinion, it’s more than just the law of small numbers at work. According to other, more recent CBD beverage forecasts, this market segment could hit $1.4 billion by 2023. If so, that would justify the recent bullishness in shares.

Rocky Mountain High Brands (RMHB)

Ordinarily, beverage makers aren’t the best place to put your money. Competition is extraordinarily fierce, and minnows are easily swallowed up by the stalwarts in the business. But if you have some gambling funds you want to play with, take a look at Rocky Mountain High Brands (OTCMKTS:RMHB).

Like the previous idea New Age Beverages, Rocky Mountain’s claim to fame is its hemp-infused drinks, specifically its energy drinks. The potential upside opportunity lies within its competitors’ ingredients, which are often saturated with sugar. Rocky Mountain drinks provide a clear alternative for health-conscious consumers, which could play out well given market sentiment.

That said, you have to be very careful with RMHB stock. Currently, shares trade for less than 4 cents. This naturall raises eyebrows. If you acknowledge the risks ahead of time, though, RMHB just might surprise, especially since it appears to have bounced off a recent low.

AmeriCann (ACAN)

When I first wrote about 30 marijuana stocks to buy, 30 states allowed cannabis for medicinal purposes, while nine permitted recreational use. Now, 39 states have mixed marijuana laws, with 10 states plus the District of Columbia allowing recreational use. In short, the days of holding onto a draconian policy toward weed are coming to an end.

But where does one get advice on this unprecedented industry? That’s where AmeriCann (OTCMKTS:ACAN) comes in. Primarily a real estate and facilities services company, AmeriCann offers logistical and administrative support for “weed-preneurs.” In addition, ACAN has a licensing procurement division that specializes in winning lucrative cannabis licenses for their clients.

Like many top marijuana stocks, ACAN stock experienced substantial volatility last year. Today, shares are well below the critical $1 mark, so risks abound. But if the cannabis industry continues to grow — and that’s not an unreasonable assumption despite some birthing pains — AmeriCann’s business will remain relevant.

CV Sciences (CVSI)

In the long run, one of the most exciting catalysts for the cannabis industry is the potential transition of society viewing these botanicals as therapeutic platforms as opposed to recreational. If that happens, CV Sciences (OTCMKTS: CVSI ) and CVSI stock could enjoy significant upside.

Currently, the pharmaceutical company is developing synthetic CBD-based drugs to support the cessation of smokeless tobacco use and addiction. In years past, such endeavors seemed a long shot due to the FDA’s tough stance on cannabis. However, drugs like the aforementioned Epidiolex gives CVSI stock some hope.

Although the potential for CV Sciences excites the contrarian part of our brain, be warned that this is not an easy gamble. At the start of 2019, CVSI stock was trading hands above $4. Today, they’re under $1.

Still, shares appear to have found technical support since early December, tempting a bet.

Village Farms International (VFF)

Because I’m listing Village Farms International (NASDAQ:VFF) in a list of marijuana stocks to buy, you might think the name is a double entendre. Surprisingly, though, that’s not the case.

Initially, Village Farms started off as a hydroponic grower of innocuous, everyday vegetables like cucumbers and tomatoes.

However, hydroponics have other botanical uses. And with legalization momentum gaining speed, it only made sense for Village Farms to expand into CBD-rich hemp. Last year has been a particularly busy one for the company, with Village Farms entering a joint venture with Arkansas Valley Hemp to start growing hemp in Colorado. Moreover, it has a joint venture with Emerald Health Therapeutics (OTCMKTS: EMHTF ) under Village Farms’ Pure Sunfarms brand.

Under the latter joint venture, the entity can grow 75,000 kilograms of cannabis annually. That would make it one of the best-performing Canadian cannabis producers. Certainly, it makes VFF stock an intriguing pick, especially because the company is getting the business done.

At the same time, VFF stock has been trending negatively since mid-May of 2019. Therefore, only bet with money you can afford to lose.

Wildflower Brands (WLDFF)

One of the most important goals for any “weed-preneur” is to distinguish themselves from the competition. I wholeheartedly concede that this is easier said than done. To most lay observers, weed is weed. However, Wildflower Brands (OTCMKTS: WLDFF ) aims to change that perception.

Focusing on the health and wellness segment, Wildflower Brands has done one thing exceptionally well. Rather than build out their footprint to ridiculous levels, management has focused on sustainable growth. And on a percentage basis, the organization has among the most impressive sales growth rates in the business.

That said, market pressures have not been kind to WLDFF stock. Last year, shares tanked 60% as Wall Street lost patience with the industry.

However, the cannabis sector is generally applying the tough lessons it has learned in 2019. With major players like Canopy Growth leading the charge for a fresh vision this year, WLDFF stock could be one of the smarter risky bets.

Mentor Capital (MNTR)

Undoubtedly, one of this sector’s toughest barriers to entry is funding. Most mainstream banks and financial institutions won’t touch cannabis companies for completely understandable reasons. Because cannabis falls under Schedule I classification, the federal government could crack down at any moment. It’s an underlying risk that sends shivers to bankers.

Thankfully for weed entrepreneurs, Mentor Capital (OTCMKTS:MNTR) has a much more open mind. Through its unique incentive structure, Mentor provides smaller cannabis companies necessary funding. But what makes Mentor different from its competitors is that it leaves total operating control to the client-company founders. It’s a refreshingly symbiotic relationship, especially in this business.

Admittedly, that’s where the good news ends for MNTR stock. Last year, shares plummeted 66%. And while MNTR has stabilized in December, its subterranean price point makes it suspect.

However, you can also look at it this way. Over the last few months, Mentor Capital shares have looked spirited. This dynamic could continue on a positive trajectory is the weed sector finds traction.

Novus Acquisition & Development (NDEV)

Financial institutions aren’t the only mainstream organizations that take a dim view of marijuana. Several health insurance companies refuse to cover costs associated with cannabis treatments and therapies. Cynically, I would point out that insurance providers don’t profit much from non-pharmaceutical solutions, but either way, marijuana-therapy patients are left with sizable bills.

To address the rising costs associated with cannabis care, Novus Acquisition & Development (OTCMKTS:NDEV) offers the first marijuana-based health plan. Novus doesn’t just stop at common medical applications, either. They offer comprehensive plans for hemp and cannabidiol, alternative therapies and even dental and optical coverage.

But why I’m really intrigued by NDEV stock is the underlying company’s pioneering spirit. As the marijuana industry continues to boom, you can expect similar businesses to sprout up in the future.

With that said, NDEV stock is a prime example of a good idea that’s perhaps ahead of its time. Sadly, Novus’ valuation was gutted last year, remaining a stock best suited for gamblers.

Medical Marijuana (MJNA)

Medical Marijuana (OTCMKTS:MJNA) is literally a company of firsts. In 2009, Medical Marijuana became the first publicly traded cannabis company in the U.S. A year later, it pioneered the direct-sales business model for weed products. A little bit down the road in 2012, MJNA became the first company to introduce cannabinoid foods and supplements to the mainstream retail market.

As a result, Medical Marijuana represents a historical anchor among marijuana stocks. To its credit, management was never content on merely being a pioneer. Instead, the company has been highly acquisitive over the years, building a robust business portfolio. Furthermore, it is expanding internationally as legalization sentiment crosses borders.

Unfortunately, that message hasn’t resonated with the markets, sending MJNA stock to around two pennies. One of the reasons is that the company has lost fundamental credibility, incurring increasingly heavy earnings losses in recent years.

Thus, the play here is that MJNA stock may recover in a return of bullish sentiment. However, it is absolutely risky, and you should only play this with “stupid” money.

Real Brands (RLBD)

And finally, we’re down to our last idea for cannabis stocks to buy. If you’ve read this far, I congratulate you. With over 5,400 words, you’ve read the equivalent of 24 double-spaced pages. That, my friends, is lot of weed.

So, with this last pick, I’m going to share with you an opportunity that you may not have heard about. Real Brands (OTCMKTS:RLBD) CEO Jerry Pearring sent me a note about his organization, which specializes in CBD vaporizers, ointments, infused water and consumable therapeutics. While RLBD stock isn’t a household name, Pearring has extensive leadership experience in the consumer products industry.

As you might expect from lesser-known securities, RLBD stock features both sharp rallies and corrections. That said, I do find the consumable and direct-application therapeutic categories compelling, as they afford CBD evangelism via inoffensive platforms.

Similar to any over-the-counter equity, you want to be careful with RLBD stock. Nevertheless, there might be substantial upside here, especially if sector sentiment returns.

A former senior business analyst for Sony Electronics, Josh Enomoto has helped broker major contracts with Fortune Global 500 companies. Over the past several years, he has delivered unique, critical insights to the investment markets, as well as various other industries including legal, construction management, and healthcare. As of this writing, he is long ACB, HEXO, MRMD and ALEAF.

Posted on

is it legal to sell marijuana seeds in michigan

From seed to sale: Marijuana industry ‘growing’ in Western Michigan

CCG Holdings, LLC., a marijuana grow facility in Webber Township, recently began operations. The company plans to expand it grow operations in the coming months and will hold a job fair at the Webber Township Hall on Jan. 6. (Star photo/Cathie Crew)

Fresh Water Provisioning Center is the newest marijuana retail store to come to the Baldwin area. Care By Design, Inc. plans to open the facility by the end of the year and will provide medical and adult use recreational marijuana products. The company also plans to establish a grow and processing facility in the area. (Star photo/Cathie Crew)

Since Michigan voters legalized recreational marijuana in 2018, several grow facilities and provisioning centers have been, or are in the process of being, established in Lake, Osceola and Mecosta counties. (Photo courtesy of Lume Cannabis Company)

Local business owners Audrey and Steve Dominique plan to open their second Green Door marijuana retail facility on Forman Road by the end of the year. (Star photo/Cathie Crew)

LAKE COUNTY — Lake, Mecosta, and Osceola counties have become “fertile ground” for companies and entrepreneurs interested in the marijuana industry.

Since Michigan voters legalized recreational marijuana in 2018, several grow facilities and provisioning centers have been, or are in the process of being, established in the tri-county area.

In Lake County one grow facility and one retail marijuana establishment are currently operating, while two additional grow facilities and two additional retail establishments are in the works.

CCG Holdings Group, LLC., a grow facility that recently began operations in Webber Township, started the process of applying for licensing and getting approvals for their facility in 2018, owner Dan Reynolds said.

“We have been operating for a couple of months,” Reynolds said. “It took a long time to get through the state licensing and the background checks. We went through the pre-approval process making sure we were the kind of people they wanted in the industry, and while we were waiting on that, the state changed the rules, so we had to go through the process again.”

CCG Holdings Group, LLC. is a state licensed grower and cultivator for medical marijuana, he said, but are in the process of getting approved for adult use recreational as well.

“What we grow is hand crafted premium cannabis primarily for smoking, so it is going to smell nice, look amazing and taste great,” Reynolds said. “We have a specific strain that we will get to the medical and adult use recreational market.”

Currently, they hold a Class A license which allows for 500 plants, with plans to add an additional 500 plants when they are approved for the Class B adult use recreational growers license in the next two to three weeks, he said.

“We do not do any processing at this facility,” Reynolds said. “We hold three more adult use permits for growing in Webber Township that have been approved locally and are looking at building another facility with processing built into it and possibly doing an outdoor cultivation facility, if the township allows it.”

He added, Webber Township officials have been great to work with, and have done everything they can to bring the industry to the area.

“There are things popping up all over Lake County, so I think it is going to be in the business plans for a lot of people in the future,” Reynolds said. “There is still a lot of room for growth, so I think you’re going to see a lot of opportunity in Lake County.”

Reynolds added, they wanted to bring cannabis to Western Michigan because it has been an area where it has been frowned upon.

“Even though 60% of voters were in favor of it, it still has a stigma,” he said. “Everybody was afraid all this crime was going to come in, but in reality, it is just the opposite. It keeps the black market away, which is the criminal element.

“If we can keep that away and get some revenue for the state and the local economy, that’s a win-win,” he added. “I live in this area, and for me to be able to bring this industry to Western Michigan is a great opportunity.”

CCG Holdings Group, LLC. currently employs three people that are going through the process of growing out the plants and getting them large enough to flower, Reynolds said.

“Once we add our next 500 plants and are up and running full time, we are looking at adding seven to 10 full time and part time positions,” he said. “We are planning a job fair where we can meet some local people interested in the industry.”

Steve and Audrey Dominique, local Baldwin business owners, were quick to get into the business, as well.

In January, they opened the first medical marijuana provisioning center in Baldwin, converting part of their Pure Michigan Solutions store into Green Door Baldwin provisioning center.

In July, they added adult use recreational marijuana.

The Dominiques are now in the process of establishing a second provisioning center on Forman Road in Pleasant Plains Township and have tentatively begun the process of establishing a grow facility on that same property.

“We plan to open our second provisioning center this year,” Audrey Dominque said. “The grow facility will probably be a year or two down the road.”

The plan is to apply for licensing from the state for a Class C medical and recreational license, and possibly include a processing facility, as well, she said.

“We have 20 acres, so there is room to grow if there is a need,” Dominque said. “The advantage to having your own grow facility would be mostly financial. You wouldn’t have to pay a transporter, so there would be some savings and our products would cost less for the consumer.

“In addition, knowing your own product would be an advantage,” she said. “Knowing how everything is done from start to finish in that product helps ensure the quality.”

Dominque said they currently get their products from a lot of different suppliers, and they have a grow facility in Bangor that they purchase a lot of product from.

“When we can’t get it from them, we outsource to other places,” she said. “Right now, there are a lot of different vendors that we use.”

Green Door Baldwin currently employs around eight people. The new provisioning center will provide an additional eight jobs, and the new grow facility is expected to add another 10 to 12 local jobs, Dominque said.

Another company is also establishing themselves in the Pleasant Plains marijuana industry.

Care By Design, Inc., is currently building a provisioning center, Fresh Water Cannabis Co., on M-37 in Baldwin.

They are building from the ground up and expect to have the facility completed and open for business by the end of the year.

“The facility will have a provisionary center for the sale of medical marijuana and related products, and expansion into recreational is forthcoming,” company spokesperson Richard Hogg said.

The company also has plans to establish a growing and processing facility soon after the provisionary center is completed, he said.

They are applying for a Class A license, which is for 500 plants, with plans to possibly expand on that at some future date.

Hogg said the advantage to having their own growing and processing facility will enable them to become more sustainable as a business and will offer more quality control over the products they offer their customers.

Although they do not have an exact number, Hogg said, they will be hiring employees on the grow side, budtenders at the provisioning center, security for all the facilities, store managers and maintenance personnel, as well as various other positions.

They chose the Baldwin, and the Pleasant Plains Township area because they saw the community as strong, close knit, caring and understanding, he said.

“We love the township, the community, and the people within it,” Hogg said. “The community culture is similar to our work culture. We are contribution oriented and strive to add to the community.”

In addition, he said, they hope to partner with the community through their foundation, Fresh Water Foundation, to support and maintain lakes and streams in the area.

Hogg said they do not have any current plans to expand further but are always looking for opportunities and ways to form healthy partnerships with local communities.

With all the current activity taking place in the marijuana industry, some feel that the market is becoming over saturated.

Reynolds, however, said that he did not feel like the industry is becoming oversaturated, but rather felt like there was still room to grow the industry throughout the area.

“The thought is that the cream will rise to the top and the customer will win in the end,” Reynolds said. “It will bring the prices down and the medical patient will win because you will get the best of the best. It just comes down to who is the best and who provides the best service.

“There is still a lot of room for growth, so I think you are going to see a lot of opportunity for Lake County as far as bringing jobs and money to the area,” he said.

A booming industry

As more cities and townships approved resolutions to opt in to the medical and adult use recreational marijuana industry, more companies came knocking on the door with plans to establish provisioning centers, as well as growing and processing facilities.

In April 2018, Lume Cannabis Company opened a growing and processing facility in Evart, in Osceola County. Now, after a year in operation, the company is in the process of expanding their facility.

They were recently approved for a Class C grow license and an excess grower license.

Lume owns eight Class C cultivation licenses — three for medical and five for adult use, Marlon Mallas, general manager of cultivation, said. In addition, they hold medical and adult use processing licenses.

One major benefit the marijuana industry brings to the community is the creation of jobs. Lume’s cultivation facility currently employs over 140 people, Mallas said, including growers that tend to the plants, trimmers, packagers, harvesters, lab techs, administrative personnel and facilities personnel.

“We have people as young as 21, as well as people in their 70s,” Mallas said. “People of all ages love to work around these beautiful plants. Some positions require no experience at all, while other more advanced positions like our grow team require a tremendous amount of experience and knowledge.”

Lume recently broke ground on the expansion of the Evart facility, which once complete, is expected to create an additional 170 jobs.

“Our plan is to continue expanding here as long as the municipality allows for more licenses and growth,” Mallas said.

Lume also has a provisioning center in Evart. Once known as Lit, it now carries the Lume Cannabis Company name. The facility, originally medical-only, was one of the first to begin offering adult use recreational products in December 2019.

In March 2020, the company opened a provisioning center in downtown Big Rapids, which offers medical and adult use recreational marijuana products.

Lume’s cultivation facility in Evart grows, cultivates and processes medical and adult use recreational products for the provisioning centers in Evart and Big Rapids, as well as nine other provisioning centers around the state, Mallas said.

“All Lume flower is cultivated in Evart, and all of our pre-rolled products are produced here,” he said. “Lume edibles are produced off-site, but the THC used to make them is derived from the flower that we grow.”

Mallas said it is important to control the process “from seed to sale” and that is the advantage of having a grow facility, as well as the processing centers.

“We take pride in having the best and cleanest product in the market,” Mallas said. “Vertical integration in this market is always more beneficial financially, as well. Relieving the burden of cost from a third party allows us to focus our resources on producing the highest quality of product.”

New kids on the block

In addition to Lume Cannabis Company, there are currently two other provisioning centers open in Big Rapids – Premiere Provisions and KKind, with two additional retail locations to open by the end of the year – Mother Nutures and Lake Life Farms.

Premier Provisioning Center, a medical and adult use recreational marijuana retail store located at 714 Perry Avenue, opened in June.

Owner Kenneth Bryant said they currently get their product supply from vendors throughout the state, but are looking to establish their own 1,500 plant facility.

“We are looking around to see what area would be best for that,” Bryant said. “Big Rapids looks like they would be a great area to do this, but we are also looking at Chase in Lake County and in Marquette.”

Bryant added that they would like to have the facility up and running in 2021, but that will depend on how much of a build out they will need to do.

“The advantage of having that would mean that we would always be able to control the strains that are in our store,” Bryant said. “The purchase price will be much better, also, and we can offer our customers better deals with the products we grow ourselves.”

The next step in the process would be to establish their own processing facility, he said.

Pot is legal in Michigan. What to know about recreational marijuana

At 12:01 a.m. Thursday, Michigan turned green and became the 10th state in the nation to legalize marijuana for adult recreational use.

But the old saying, “Smoke ’em if you got ’em,” carries many, many caveats.

Matt Abel, who has been a marijuana advocate for years and is the executive director of the Michigan chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, said he planned to “roll a big fattie and smoke it at midnight,” when Michigan’s voter-approved ballot initiative on recreational marijuana officially went into effect.

“This is the last day of prohibition,” he said on Wednesday. “It’s significant and a milestone for marijuana laws in Michigan. But we still have a ways to go.”

Indeed, when he smokes that big marijuana joint, he’ll need to be inside his house or other private residence because indulging in marijuana in public will remain illegal.

And that means no firing up a bowl on the front porch or vapes in the driveway because those are considered public places, said Royal Oak cannabis attorney Barton Morris.

“Anything that’s publicly accessible to people is out of bounds,” he said. “It’s customary for people to come up on your front porch or walk up your driveway.”

Your backyard should be okay, said Doug Mains, an attorney who represents medical marijuana clients with the Honigman law firm in Lansing

“Is your backyard a public place? Probably not, since nobody can really walk into your backyard whenever they want,” he said. “That is probably even more so if your yard is fenced in or you are far away from your neighbors.”

But there is still the matter of the pungent aroma of marijuana, said Morris, which may cause neighbors to lodge a nuisance complaint.

“A next door neighbor shouldn’t be able to smell it,” he said. “Everyone has the ability to the quiet enjoyment of their property.”

A grow operation in a residential home in Sterling Heights, for example, was shut down this summer after neighbors complained of the noxious odors coming from the house.

So the free and easy reputation of legal weed? Not so much.

Now that it’s legal, here’s what you need to know about marijuana:

Where can I get my hands on weed?

Marijuana won’t be commercially available for sale until state regulators draft rules and regulations for the recreational market. They have until December 2019 and then they can begin to accept applications for licenses, with the first commercial retail sales expected in 2020. After the medical marijuana industry was regulated in December 2016, the first licenses weren’t awarded until August 2018.

In the meantime, people can grow up to 12 plants in their homes for personal use and they can give — but not sell — the product to friends and family. That may change if Senate Majority Leader Arlan Meekhof, R-West Olive, has his way. He has introduced a bill that would ban people from growing their own marijuana, but it will need a super-majority — a three-fourths vote — to pass, which will be a difficult to accomplish.

Where can I get the seeds or marijuana plants to begin growing?

Seeds and plants are available for sale online, but since the federal government still considers marijuana an illegal drug, it’s also illegal to ship it across state lines. The registered caregiver market, in which a person can register to grow up to 72 plants for medical marijuana cardholders, will stay in place even after the recreational market gets up and running and seeds and plants could be available from them.

Pot is legal in Canada. Can I buy it there?

No. It’s still considered an illegal drug by the federal government, which has control of the border with Canada, so it can’t be transported across state lines or across the Canadian border.

Is there an age requirement? Or limits on pot possession?

Yes, you have to be 21 to indulge in Michigan. And once marijuana becomes commercially available, people can buy and possess and carry 2.5 ounces of pot a day, and can keep up to 10 ounces in their home as long as it’s locked up. Police will no longer be able to arrest people for use or possession of small amounts of marijuana.

What health effects will marijuana have on me or those around whom I smoke?

A 2014 study published in the medical journal Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine said that a person heavily smoking marijuana could be more susceptible to chronic bronchitis.

In Canada, which legalized marijuana for recreational use on Oct. 17, Health Canada, the nation’s health ministry, launched a campaign to educate the public about the dangers of cannabis use. The message is that young people should avoid it. “We know that the brain is still undergoing significant maturation until the age of 25,” said Dr. Amy Porath, director of research for the Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction. “To preserve brain health, it’s important for young people to delay the use of cannabis as long as possible.”

It is not clear whether a human being exposed to second-hand marijuana smoke would suffer the same effects as those exposed to cigarette smoke. The National Institute on Drug Abuse said in a June 2018 report that little research has been done on the subject.

Will marijuana help relieve ailments?

Few people dispute the medical benefits of marijuana on a variety of ailments, including chronic pain, seizures, cancer, glaucoma and PTSD. And the state has designated 22 conditions, including Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, epilepsy and arthritis as qualifiers for medical marijuana cards.

In states that have legalized marijuana, opioid prescription drug use declined by 2.3 million doses in 2017, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

What about smoking and driving?

It’s illegal. Michigan has a zero-tolerance policy for drugged driving. So any amount of THC — the psychoactive component in marijuana — in a driver’s blood is illegal and can be criminally charged, just like a drunken drunk driving offense.

It will be more difficult to test for marijuana in the system, however, and will be done either by a blood draw or possibly by oral swabs if a pilot project recently completed by Michigan State Police proves successful.

What about marijuana in the workplace?

Employers can keep and enforce zero tolerance policies for their workers. The law doesn’t change a business owner’s ability to perform pre-employment or random drug tests on workers and refuse to hire, or to fire or discipline workers who test positive for marijuana. Some “safety sensitive” businesses such as utilities, trucking companies, manufacturers and hospitals maintain a zero tolerance policy as well as companies that have federal contracts because the feds still consider marijuana an illegal drug.

How long will marijuana stay in your system?

Part of the problem for employers and their workers is that unlike alcohol, where tests can show the exact level in a person’s blood, there are few available tests that show the level of impairment for marijuana. Saliva swabs and urine samples only show if THC, the psychoactive component in marijuana, has been used over the last few days, said Dr. Barry Sample of Quest Diagnostics, a New Jersey company that analyzes millions of workplace drug tests every year. Swabs and samples don’t show a person’s level of impairment at the time of a test. Tests of hair samples will show THC levels going back as long as 90 days.

What about marijuana businesses in cities?

At least 28 communities across the state, including Birmingham, Royal Oak, Fraser, Livonia, the village of Pinckney and Plymouth, have decided to ban recreational marijuana businesses from their communities. Each town has to determine whether it wants to allow and regulate or prohibit marijuana businesses. Approximately 108 communities, including Detroit, Warren, Hazel Park, Walled Lake, Orion Township, Harrison Township, Lenox Township, Garden City, River Rouge and Inkster, have already adopted ordinances to allow medical marijuana businesses in their communities

Does the new law affect Michigan’s medical marijuana laws?

No. Caregivers still can grow up to 12 plants for each of five medical marijuana card holders. The only difference for cardholders will be that a 3 percent excise tax on medical marijuana sales at dispensaries will go away in early 2019.

What about marijuana convictions?

It will be up to the state Legislature to pass a law that would work toward expunging the records of people convicted of low-level marijuana crimes. And four bills trying to achieve that goal have been introduced in the Legislature, although none has been scheduled for a hearing.

Gov.-elect Gretchen Whitmer, an East Lansing Democrat who will take office on Jan. 1, also has said that she favors clearing up the records of people convicted of crimes that will no longer be offenses under the legalization of marijuana.

Posted on

marijuana seed to harvest

Marijuana: Seed to Weed: A Beginner’s Guide to Planting and Harvesting Your Cannabis

We are sorry. We are not allowed to sell this product with the selected payment method

Listeners also enjoyed.

Growing Marijuana for Beginners

Marijuana has been used for thousands of years and is one of the most popular recreational drugs around. Its ability to relax the mind of the user, tackle chronic pain, and its relative low cost mean that it is available to most. But when you use marijuana on a daily basis and cannot do without it, then buying it can prove to be expensive.

Love that

Growing Marijuana

The process of growing your own marijuana plants can be exciting and rewarding. Once you grow the first one, even if it is only one plant, from seed to harvest, subsequent ones will become easier as you build on your previous experience to cultivate better yields. That’s the key of the audiobook Growing Marijuana. It is a beginner’s guide to growing potent cannabis through step-by-step instructions for cultivating medical marijuana, indoors and outdoors.

More than half of the book is not about growing..

7 Steps to Grow Cannabis

From equipment to types of seeds to harvesting times and common problems, the process of growing cannabis can seem overwhelming for a beginner. Now, you can save time and improve your cannabis growing knowledge in seven easy-to-follow steps. 7 Steps to Grow Cannabis skips the history and science behind cannabis and focuses on simplifying the indoor growing process so that you can start growing fast and with confidence.

very informative

How to Start a Marijuana Business from Scratch

Would you like to start a marijuana business with zero experience? Having a personal supply sound more than good? Then you need to keep reading! Here it is what you will find inside: what marijuana is and how can you use it; which are the first steps to start your marijuana business; how to choose the best nutrients for your plants; how to cure your plants step by step; and much more! But to do it, at best you will need a professional guide! So, don’t lose time anymore!

Incoherent and unlistenable.

Growing Marijuana

Have you always wished you could grow your own pot, but didn’t know how? Find out how with Growing Marijuana: a Quick Start Indoor and Outdoor Grower’s Guide for Medical and Personal Marijuana Cultivation. Marijuana has faced prohibition in countries throughout the world, especially the United States. It has been criminalized many times, but we are finally taking all the necessary steps toward legalization. It is legalized for medical use in more than half of the states in the US, with some of them allowing you to grow your own for medical use.

Lots of info

Hydroponics for Beginners

Hydroponics has not only emerged to be a boon for human beings but also for the environment. It’s a boon for the environment in the sense that it doesn’t promote the use of any pesticides or harmful chemicals that can affect or contaminate environmental surroundings. Hydroponics is the only way you’ll have the ability to grow economically sustainable organic food.

Growing Marijuana for Beginners

Marijuana has been used for thousands of years and is one of the most popular recreational drugs around. Its ability to relax the mind of the user, tackle chronic pain, and its relative low cost mean that it is available to most. But when you use marijuana on a daily basis and cannot do without it, then buying it can prove to be expensive.

Love that

Growing Marijuana

The process of growing your own marijuana plants can be exciting and rewarding. Once you grow the first one, even if it is only one plant, from seed to harvest, subsequent ones will become easier as you build on your previous experience to cultivate better yields. That’s the key of the audiobook Growing Marijuana. It is a beginner’s guide to growing potent cannabis through step-by-step instructions for cultivating medical marijuana, indoors and outdoors.

More than half of the book is not about growing..

7 Steps to Grow Cannabis

From equipment to types of seeds to harvesting times and common problems, the process of growing cannabis can seem overwhelming for a beginner. Now, you can save time and improve your cannabis growing knowledge in seven easy-to-follow steps. 7 Steps to Grow Cannabis skips the history and science behind cannabis and focuses on simplifying the indoor growing process so that you can start growing fast and with confidence.

very informative

How to Start a Marijuana Business from Scratch

Would you like to start a marijuana business with zero experience? Having a personal supply sound more than good? Then you need to keep reading! Here it is what you will find inside: what marijuana is and how can you use it; which are the first steps to start your marijuana business; how to choose the best nutrients for your plants; how to cure your plants step by step; and much more! But to do it, at best you will need a professional guide! So, don’t lose time anymore!

Incoherent and unlistenable.

Growing Marijuana

Have you always wished you could grow your own pot, but didn’t know how? Find out how with Growing Marijuana: a Quick Start Indoor and Outdoor Grower’s Guide for Medical and Personal Marijuana Cultivation. Marijuana has faced prohibition in countries throughout the world, especially the United States. It has been criminalized many times, but we are finally taking all the necessary steps toward legalization. It is legalized for medical use in more than half of the states in the US, with some of them allowing you to grow your own for medical use.

Lots of info

Hydroponics for Beginners

Hydroponics has not only emerged to be a boon for human beings but also for the environment. It’s a boon for the environment in the sense that it doesn’t promote the use of any pesticides or harmful chemicals that can affect or contaminate environmental surroundings. Hydroponics is the only way you’ll have the ability to grow economically sustainable organic food.

Growing Marijuana for Beginners

Marijuana plants are really just weeds. Weeds can grow just about anywhere. Cater to their needs. You will be able to follow this in Growing Marijuana for Beginners: Step-by-Step in 10 Steps. Our cannabis grow guide is intended as a helpful go-to resource for both beginners and seasoned cannabis cultivators

Growing Marijuana for Beginners

Growing Marijuana for Beginners is your comprehensive, go-to guide for understanding how to grow marijuana at home in an exciting way, even if you have no farming or gardening experience. In this practical guide, you will discover how marijuana grows, how to grow it, the best conditions for growing it indoors and outdoors, the types of cannabis to grow at home, and the exceptional health benefits of consuming some varieties of this miracle weed.

You have to get it

Hydroponics

Inside this audiobook, you’ll uncover the wonders of hydroponic gardening – the revolutionary no-soil gardens that only need water! Packed with all the must-know advice, this audiobook arms you with the knowledge you need to get started with this brilliant form of gardening and start growing fast!

Growing Marijuana – The Most Comprehensive Guide

Do you enjoy smoking marijuana? Do you use it for recreation, to help you relax, or for medicinal purposes? Find out how to grow top-quality weed with this complete beginner’s guide for hydroponic marijuana cultivation. Most of the other books on the market focus too much on tedious processes, expensive equipment, and almost unachievable setups. Whether you want to cultivate marijuana for personal or medical use, this audiobook will teach you how to grow it practically. This audiobook will help you get around that and provide you with step-by-step information.

This is the best audible information knowledge.

From Seed to Harvest

Would you like to know everything about cannabis? Having a personal supply sound more than good? Then you need to keep reading! Here it is what you will find inside: what marijuana is and how can you use it; which are the first steps to start your marijuana business; how to choose the best nutrients for your plants; how to cure your plants step-by-step; and much more! But to do it, at best you will need a professional guide! So, don’t lose time anymore! Listen to start right now!

From 0 to 100k with the Marijuana Business

Indoor cannabis cultivation has made it possible to grow marijuana any time of year, no matter the weather. The move indoors has not only made cannabis cultivation more accessible and doable, but most importantly, for the ordinary decent stoner, it removes the criminal element from the purchasing process.

Nothing about business just about growimy.

Hydroponics

If gardening has always interested you and if growing plants provides you with a satisfaction that is second to none, it is high time that you upgrade yourself with the recent developments in the industry. It is time to make way for hydroponics. Wondering what hydroponics is? It is a subset of hydroculture that makes use of sand, gravel, or liquid with added nutrients to grow plants. So, did I forgot mentioning the use of soil? Well, no, I skipped it purposely. This is because hydroponics does not use soil to grow plants.

I am learning so much from the book.

Hydroponic Gardening

Fruits and vegetables can be pricey, especially if they’re out of season. And, of course, they can be even more expensive if you choose to go organic. You could always plant your own garden, but, maybe, you don’t have enough space outside or, maybe, you live in a colder climate. Unfortunately, not everyone lives where they can plant an outdoor garden. The alternative is to set up an indoor hydroponic system.

DIY Hydroponics: The Beginner’s Guide to Building a Sustainable and Inexpensive Hydroponic System at Home

In the 21st century, when massive farms are growing more and more food to feed our planet, the quality of it is dropping, people eat less and less fresh food, and depend their lives on cheaper, semi-finished products. Thankfully, not all people are the same, and the popularity of organically grown fresh food is rising every year. The problem is that there is not enough fresh food to supply people for the entire year. There are only four to five months when people can eat it. The solution? Hydroponics plant growing system, in other words, plants grown on water. Sounds interesting?

Hydroponics

Hydroponics gardening is an ancient practice that has been around for thousands of years and is a great way to grow plants without the soil. It is becoming more prevalent in the modern day, thanks to the desire for many people to grow their own food in an organic system that is entirely natural. With practical information aimed at home DIYers, this book shows just how to build, plant, and maintain a lot of hydroponic systems, some of which cost just a few dollars to make.

Cannabis, from seed to harvest

That was r/oddlysatisfying and extremely well-filmed. Would zone again.

I loved the stop motion rolling into the bowl.

Would roll again

This would be r/whoahdude if you watched it stoned

The best part is that this film probably wasn't even illegal to produce.

27 more replies

I thought the starting puck was hash and was like ok shit how are they gonna turn this into weed

I thought the last frame would have been the cops kicking down the wall

From puck all the way to the end this is r/plant_progress gold

I still have no idea what that starting puck was.

28 more replies

Is the plant just done after harvest? Kinda made me sad watching em grow then becoming nuffin.

The leaves that were cut off (also called trim) can be used in edibles, but they have a pretty small amount of THC.

The big nuggets that get taken off are the part that's smoked. They need time to cure & dry out though.

The rest isn't super useful the way it's left in the video, but earlier on in the process you could 'clone' it by cutting off a piece of it and growing it from there. That clone would become it's own plant. Many stores sell clones, in addition to seeds, since they're easier to plant and you don't have to worry about the early stages of the seedlings.

But yeah, as far as I know, the stalk shown remaining at the end isn't very useful.

Cannabis is an “annual plant” which means they grow for one season and die. Once it’s dead, it will not grow back.

However, you can take clippings of plants and re-grow them, this is good when you have a plant that you really like and want more of.

Cannabis is also a plant that can grow as a male or female plant.

Male plants are pretty much useless, it’s the female plant you wanna grow to get high. The female plant should be kept away from any male plant to avoid pollination.

If a female cannabis plant suffers damage or “stress” while growing it can turn hermaphrodite and pollinate itself.

This is why you’ll sometimes find seeds in buds you smoke. Herm’ cannabis plants don’t usually have the same potency as normal because the plant has stopped making buds and concentrated on making seeds instead.

Posted on

what are the best marijuana seeds for a hydroponics system

The ultimate cannabis hydroponics guide (+ 7 most common mistakes)

Everywhere in the world, people have heard of cannabis. In fact, many of these people refer to it as weed, a word that denotes a plant that can grow anywhere, notwithstanding modern cultivation methods.

It is because of its name – weed that makes cannabis a versatile crop. As such, you can expect weed to grow anywhere from swampy places to arid areas where you may need occasional watering to keep your marijuana thriving.

Because there are many methods of cultivating weed, it is important you know which of the methods is suitable for you. This guide will, however, discuss one of the main ways of cultivating cannabis. The method is referred to as hydroponics. What is hydroponics? What do you need to grow your weed hydroponically? Are there any advantages of growing your weed using hydroponics? If yes, what are the benefits? Should you beware of any side effects of growing your weed using this method? This article looks into those and other questions.

What is hydroponics?

When used in the growing of cannabis, the term hydroponics refers to a system or method of growing weed using water and a few nutrients. The method is different from cultivating weed on soil that is filled with various nutrients that, to many people, are important for the growth of cannabis.

The interesting thing about hydroponics, which in part means water, is the method involves the watering of weed that is grown in pots or any other vessels rather than those grown directly into the soil.

However, it is important to note from this point that hydroponics is not a shortcut. In essence, it is not a simple way of cultivating weed. In fact, hydroponics is quite involving. The method involves sophisticated systems. These systems require you to use high-end pumps, reservoirs, timers, and other heavy pieces of machinery that may require daily hard daily labor.

Besides, the whole system requires constant maintenance, failure to which part or the whole plantation may lack water due to poor fixing, drainage, and mechanical and technical work.

One has to put a lot of initial income, labor, and workforce to the project. In addition, setting up a complete hydroponic system may require a lot of time. Nonetheless, it works if done properly and with a substantive amount of resources.

With that intro on what hydroponics is, what is involved in setting up the system, and the amount you may need to set up complete hydroponics, it is time we delve into more subtle things.

Materials for carrying out DIY cannabis hydroponics

By now, I’m sure you are ignited, and you want to try this method of growing cannabis. If so, let us sample some of the things that you may need. Some of the things in the list below may be locally available, while you may have to look for others from a store near you.

  1. Pump
  2. Lighting hangers
  3. Lighting LED/HPS
  4. Carbon filter
  5. Grow tent
  6. Cannabis seeds
  7. Tray
  8. Hydroponic reservoir
  9. Oscillating fan
  10. Planting pots (preferably net meshed)
  11. Growing medium (preferably coco coir)
  12. Ducting tubes
  13. Ventilation fan
  14. PPM and pH meters
  15. Hydroponic nutrients
  16. Hydrometer

Choosing the right growing medium is important (soil alternatives)

Now that you have what it takes to set up the hydroponic weed growing system in your home let’s see if you need anything else before you set the system up and running.

The first thing you need to look for when starting up is a weed growing medium. A medium is a very crucial element in the hydroponic system of growing weed. This is a substance whose work is to hold the plants’ roots and stems into place, which is normally done by the soil.

It is from the intersection that the plants’ roots will start to grow towards the water below in search of the essential nutrients. Thanks to the inert medium, there will be plenty of airflows, especially to reach the upper side of the roots.

Cultivators use different types of mediums. It is up to you to decide the type of medium that works best for you. Each of the available mediums has its distinctive features and benefits over the other.

Before you settle on a particular medium, you are perhaps going to try several. No matter how long it will take you, the most important thing is you get a medium that will help you reap the best results.

Here are some of the common mediums you can consider, as a substitute to soil (in some aspects):

Clay Pebbles

Perhaps you’ve come across this medium in your research. Clay pebbles are one of the mediums that are commonly used. The medium stands out because of the excellent aeration that it offers plants. The medium features large pebbles that allow for constant airflow at the root area.

The medium may occasionally require that you alter the soil pH, something that offers optimum growth to the plants. Some shrewd cultivators buy pebbles whose pH is already altered.

After buying or looking for the pebbles, you need to place them inside a bucket that has holes at the bottom.

Perlite

Perlite is a volcanic glass with unique features that allow it to expand whenever the temperature is high. The medium is good in garden soils because it provides the necessary aeration. Because hydroponic weed needs proper aeration, Perlite becomes one of the commonly used mediums.

Rockwool

Another popular choice among hydroponic cultivators is Rockwool. Although the medium features a woolen texture, the main ingredient is volcanic rocks. It is because of the unique mixture of rocks and wool that the medium is referred to as ‘Rockwool’.

The medium’s excellent feature of holding water for a long time makes it one of the perfect hydroponic mediums around. Thanks to its water-retaining feature, Rockwool makes it possible for fast and excellent upper root formation.

You can place Rockwool inside a hydroponic bucket or lodge it directly on top of the tank or bucket without necessarily covering it with a lid.

Coco Coir

So far, many people prefer Coco coir as their right hydroponic medium. It is the most similar to soil compared to other growing mediums. The medium got it’s name from coconut fibers from which it is drawn. One of the qualities that make this medium the best is its aeration excellence.

In addition, the medium is good in retaining moisture, which is one of the essentials for hydroponic weed growth.

The medium is respected for its unique ability to protect weed roots from common infections thanks to its plant-stimulating hormones.

Assuming that you have a medium in mind, how would you now go about setting up a full hydroponic system? The following part will address that question step-by-step.

How to set up a complete hydroponics cannabis system

The first step in setting up a full hydroponic system in your garden is to fix the reservoir, a place where you will place the solution. Depending on your space, the reservoir can take any shape and come in different sizes.

You only need to ensure that the reservoir has the ability to carry the air stone as well as the water pump. Make sure you create lines joining the water pump and the reservoir. Besides, there should be a line connecting the air stone and the drainage system.

There should also be a power ford for the pump to function or work and the line from the pump to a drip line if any.

The next step will be setting up a grow table. This table helps a lot in regulating and holding any excess water that might be overwhelming the crops and returning it to the reservoir.

It is fundamental to ensure the grow table is not at the same level with the reservoir. In fact, it should be built at a lower level compared to the reservoir for water to flow with ease.

Install a drain at this low point and connect it with the reservoir using plastic tubing.

Back at the table, add approximately 5-gallon buckets. These buckets should have clay pellets in them. However, it is advisable that before you use the clay pellets, you should try to soak them in water for some time. If possible, soak the clay pellets in water over night before you use them the following day.

The aim of soaking the clay pellets in water is to make sure they are saturated fully in water. Your crops are going to need this water afterwards. It is also important that the buckets have holes. You can drill a few holes at the bottom of each bucket with the aim of draining excess water, which then will go to the table.

You should not make big holes for fear the clay pellets may pass through the holes thus losing the essential growing medium. Usually, it is advisable to create holes that are half or a third the diameter of the pellets.

The next step would be connecting the plastic tubing from the water pump to the growing table. To ensure each bucket gets the water, you can extend the plastic tubing and ensure you create holes on the tube.

Creating small holes on the tube should not be a problem. In fact, you can puncture the tubing using a sharp object or burn a metal grill and create the holes. At the rear end of your drip line, you can now attach emitters, commonly known as drip line emitters.

Before you bring cannabis plants, you need to test the system to be sure everything is working properly. One of the crucial things you need to ensure there should not be any stagnant water anywhere within the system.

The other thing you must ensure during your testing is the air pump should always be on. It shall not be off at least for more than five minutes. The pump- should be on to provide water with the needed oxygen.

The grow table and the five-gallon buckets on the other hand should be able to return any excessive or remaining water back to the reservoir.

If everything is okay, you now know it is time to create nutrient solution for your crops.

Unless the nutrient solution is ready, you cannot introduce your cannabis plants to the grow table.

Choose the easiest yet effective hydroponic setup

With the common growing mediums and a basic hydroponic setup, you might want to know the various hydroponic set-ups that are available. Before we delve into the various hydroponic setups, it is crucial to note that they are all similar in one thing – all the setups make use of a solution enriched with nutrients.

However, a setup can vary from another depending on things such as air circulation, the amount of moisture in the medium, temperature, and of course water exposure.

Although you can purchase most of the available setups, you can make one. You don’t have to possess unique technical skills. With a few guidelines, you can create a DIY hydroponic setup.

Having said that, let’s explore some of the available hydroponic setups you can purchase or make at home.

Deep Water Culture

Deep Water Culture setup is good for those who are starting. In this setup, you place your cannabis plants inside buckets that already have a nutrient solution. In addition, you need an air pump, which will provide the cannabis plants with oxygen constantly.

Drip System

In drip hydroponic system, you will need a large tray that is full of growing medium. You remember we talked of the four different mediums earlier. Well, you are going to fill any of those mediums in the tray.

Young cannabis plants are planted into the medium directly. Each of the cannabis plant has its own drip tube or pipe. Water is kept is an external large tank. The tank is connected with air stones and a pump, which supplies each drip with oxygenated water.

Plants’ roots get sufficient air but excessive water is removed from the medium to the large external tank, which is later pumped back to the drips.

Drip hydroponic system works the same way as drip irrigation system.

Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)

In the Nutrient Film Technique, you place a tray on top of the reservoir and tilt it. from the top downwards, you fill the tray with nutrients. You will then let the nutrients drain slowly from the tray going back to the reservoir. This circular-motioned technique allows roots to feed from nutrients slowly but surely.

In addition, the roots access air easily.

Ebb & Flow

As is the case in NFT, you will need to place a nutrient-solution inside a tray that is placed on top of the reservoir. Once the solution floods the tray, it tends to ‘ebb’ back to the reservoir. While the solu7tion is doing this back and forth movement, it continues to feed your weed’s roots that are in the tray.

Wick System

Wick system is similar to a drip hydroponic system. You fill the growing tray with clay pebbles. Immediately under the tray filled with pebbles is a tank carrying clean water. it is inside this tank of clean water that several wicks pass to the growing medium.

Water from the tank travels up inside the wicks. As the water travels up, it hydrates the medium. Although passive, the hydration is essential to the growth of the weed. You do not need a water or air pump in the Wick Hydroponic System.

Aeroponics

Many believe that aeroponics is a futuristic hydroponic systems weed cultivators will ever have. In this system, you utilize misted water that is dispersed in the air, something that optimizes hydration and aeration.

To make it work, you place plants on top of a water tank, which is large enough to accommodate many plants. You should fill at least 25% of the bottom side of the tank.

Under that water, you will need a strong pump, which sends water to become misters below the plants’ root system. Because mist is so fine, it has the ability to penetrate the roots to soak them, allowing the weed to receive large quantities of water and air simultaneously.

Needed nutrients to make sure your plant thrives in a hydroponics setup

One thing we must agree is that it is not necessary for cannabis or even any plant to be in soil for it to grow. The most important things needed for germination and subsequent growth are essential nutrients.

Here is a list of some of the essential nutrients needed for the growth of cannabis and any other plant in general:

Main nutrients needed for plant germination and growth also known as macroelements include:

  • Potassium (K)
  • Phosphorous (P)
  • Nitrogen (N)
  • Sulfur (S)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Calcium (Ca)

Your plants also need small nutrients (microelements) that add value to the growth of cannabis. Some of these microelements include:

  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Chlorine (Cl)
  • Zinc (Zn)
  • Boron (B)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Molybdenum (Mo)

With the above macro and microelements, you can grow your cannabis indoors using hydroponic system.

Depending on the size of your piece where you have established your hydroponic system, you can enjoy good growing results. Besides, you will be one of those cannabis farmers who will smile come harvest time.

Hydroponic experts advise those who are starting up to check on their nutrient balance regularly. For instance, too much of one macroelement or lack of a few or a number of microelements would be devastating.

Essentially, you will require a 15-15-15 nutrient balance. However, critics say that the balancing depends on the growth stage of your weed. The usual working nutrient-balance should be something like 15% Phosphorus, 15% Nitrogen, and 15% Potassium.

On another stage, possibly as the crops continue to advance in age, you can adjust the ratio to 5-15-20. That is 5% Potassium, 10% Phosphorus, and 20% Nitrogen.

PS: If you prefer to buy hydroponic nutrients rather than pre-mixed solutions, then it would be ideal to go for a powder as long as it dissolves in water easily. Make sure the powder you are buying is labeled

  • N – Nitrogen
  • P – Phosphorus
  • K –Potassium

In any ratio, your plants are going to need higher amounts of Nitrogen compared to other nutrients. In addition, your plants are going to need higher amounts of Nitrogen during the vegetative stage in the event the grow room’s temperature is below 80 degrees Celsius.

However, your plants are not going to need a lot of Nitrogen during the flowering period. Instead, at this point, your weed needs lots of Phosphorus. In a nutrient-balancing ratio during the flowering period, you should try something like 15-30-15, 5-20-10, or even 2-4-3 while the first to the last number stands for N, P, and K respectively.

Common marijuana strains for hydroponic system

Although there could be many strains that will work with hydroponic growing system, two strains stand out.

White Widow

this strain balances its makeup. It has 50% indica and 50% sativa. It was created from White Widow S1. Perhaps, what makes this the perfect for hydroponic system is its composition as well as the growing height. When grown indoors, White Widow grows to attain a height of between 60 and 100 centimeters. Flowering period is usually between 8 and 9 weeks and you can harvest up to 500 grams per meter square.

Royal Dwarf

this is another best strain for hydroponics. It is a good option because it does not grow tall. In fact, the strain got its name ‘Royal Dwarf’ because it hardly hits 70 centimeters. In some areas, this strain can mature while attaining a height of 40 centimeters. You can harvest this strain on its eighth week of growing. Although the yield is not as much as that of White Widow, you can still harvest up to 200 grams for each square meter.

Most common mistakes

  1. Do not put a lot of fertilizer to your plants. Too much of it will kill the roots.
  2. Underfertilizing your crops will retard the growth. Although the crops will not die, they will take long to grow even mature. Besides, your cannabis will not have the strength and the vibrancy needed for cannabis of its respective age.
  3. If you are not certain on the amount of nutrients, you should give your crops, it would be right if you followed what is written on the nutrient package.
  4. Alternatively, you can try to supply fewer nutrients than giving a lot to your crops.
  5. Add water to the reservoir regularly. If the temperatures are high, chances of water level in the reservoir dropping fast are inevitable. Because of that, check the water level in the reservoir after two days.
  6. When adding water, it is advisable to add water that has stayed in the tank for more than three days.
  7. Change your nutrient solution every forthright. When changing the nutrient solution, you will need to do away with the old solution by draining the reservoir, the pumps, tubes and any other equipment that might have the old solution using hot water.
  8. Upon successful draining of the water from the tubes, pump, reservoir, and any other equipment in the system that may have contained the old water, you are free to add a new solution.

Advantages over growing cannabis in soil

There are two main advantages of growing your weed using hydroponic system:

First, if you speak to a person who has grown weed using hydroponic system, they will discourage you from trying any other growing systems. One thing is for sure – growing weed using this method is extremely fast. Yes, weed grows much faster compared to when you plant directly into the soil.

Plants grown in this system grow up to 50% faster because they do not struggle to look for nutrients. As you may have seen by now, the essential nutrients are in the water and trickle down to the roots without any barrier.

Additionally, plants do not use any energy to look and absorb any nutrients. Instead, plants preserve the energy and use it to grow to hit maturity faster.

Second, you will get large yields. It is true that you will put a lot of effort but the yields are also good. If you find a good strain and practice good hydroponic system, you will harvest great.

Final thoughts

There was a time hydroponics was reserved for those without enough space to grow their weed. That time is now gone and many people are embracing the system to plant their weed. You too can take action by studying keenly the equipment and materials needed for the job. Once you figure out what you need, go ahead and set up your own hydroponic system and you will not regret the time and effort you used in setting up the system. In the end, you will enjoy much faster growth of your weed and good yields ultimately.

Hydroponics

A method of growing cannabis plants using water as a medium, rather than soil. In hydroponics, roots are suspended in water and water not initially absorbed gets recycled through the system for later use.

“My friend grows some hydro that is absolutely killer.”

“Growing hydroponically is cleaner because you don’t have to mess around with soil.”

What is hydroponics?

Hydroponic cultivation suspends cannabis plant roots in water, instead of using soil as a grow medium. There are several types of hydroponic systems, including deep water culture (DWC), ebb and flow, drip, and more. Hydro systems typically involve a chamber or tray to house plants, which is filled with nutrient-rich water. Roots can either be continuously suspended in water, or flooded with water at intervals, and then left to dry out, depending on the system. Often, hydroponic cultivation is done using cloned cannabis plants, rather than seeds.

Hydroponics allows the grower more control over plants, as the growing medium (water) can be regulated more easily than soil or other mediums. Because of this, weed grown hydroponically is typically of a higher quality. However, these setups tend to require more labor as you constantly have to check the pH and ppm levels of the water and nutrients. In addition to extra labor, a hydroponic system will likely be more costly to set up, and will require more skill and knowledge.

The history of hydroponics

Humans have been experimenting with some form of hydroponic cultivation for thousands of years, going back to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the chinampas of the Aztecs. Modern hydroponic cultivation started in 1929 with William Frederick Gericke at the University of California, who was able to grow a 25-ft. tomato vine using hydroponic cultivation.

Recent research suggests a benefit to hydroponics is that “Compared to the soil-based system, the hydroponic system provides a more homogeneous nutrient medium to the plants with less risk of soil-borne diseases.” But research is more divided on water efficiency of hydroponic cultivation: While a 2019 white paper by the Massachusetts Cannabis Control Commission notes that “Hydroponically grown cannabis is much more water intensive than other crops,” a 2017 study argues that they use much less water than traditional growing systems.