Learn how to make your own flavored CBD oil at home with limited supplies. Use CBD isolate and add to a carrier oil to make cheap CBD oil. Follow our 7 easy step guide on how to make CBD oil at home with tools and resources that you can find at home or your nearby store.
How to Make THC-Free CBD Oil from Isolate Powder
Searching for a way to make CBD oil at home? Well, congrats! These days it is very easy to obtain a bottle of ready-made tincture virtually anywhere, but preparing it yourself is a great chance to understand how the chemistry works. Plus, it is cheaper and less complicated than you might have imagined.
Although its positive effects are under scrutiny by the medical world (and rightfully so), wellness experts worldwide are hot on CBD. Indeed, the hype about CBD is such, that you couldn’t have missed all the ads and the articles speaking about it. But what exactly is it? What is CBD isolate, and how homemade CBD oil can help you save money and customize your experience?
The 411: What is CBD?
CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is a chemical compound derived from cannabis plants. Unlike delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, aka THC, CBD isn’t psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t make you “high.”
If you’ve found yourself here, you’ve probably heard someone wax poetic about CBD’s life-enhancing effects. And guess what? It’s not all complete hype. CBD has proven to be an efficient food supplement for many people, helping them get through their day.
What is CBD Isolate
CBD isolate is a very pure (99%), powdery form of CBD. What this means is that 1g of CBD isolate contains 990mg of active CBD. Incidentally, it is also much cheaper than finished CBD oil products. Its price point and high potency make CBD isolate an excellent raw material for our CBD oil recipe.
Why Shouldn’t I Just Buy Oil?: The Problem with CBD Products
Some retail CBD products contain 2 to 3 percent THC — the legal limit for hemp products in the United States — which can prove disastrous for people drug tested regularly because of work, sporting commitments, or parole. Additionally, CBD products currently on the market can be pricey as a result of their THC content. (Hey, we pay top dollar for even trace amounts of legal psychotropics!) Moreover, since the industry is still in its nascent stages, product quality and consistency are all over the map.
The good news is that you’re not beholden to over-the-counter CBD oils, tinctures, and rubs. Homemade, THC-free CBD oil is easy to make. You just need a few inexpensive items and a one-time purchase of CBD isolate in powder form.
What You’ll Need to Make Homemade CBD Oil
To make a THC-free CBD oil in the comfort of your own home, you’ll need:
, of which Industrial Hemp Farms has quality options for all budgets
- A carrier oil, like MCT. olive, palm, kernel, and coconut oils also work
- An oral syringe, available at your local pet store
- A 0.001 milligram scale ($15 – $25 on Amazon.com)
- A sterile, lidded, glass container best sized at about 30 ml
- A spoon or funnel
To get a high-quality tincture, you must choose a reputable CBD source (in this case, IHF’s isolate powder) and a carrier oil you like. Cannabidiol is fat-soluble, so it will blend nicely in any fatty acid.
In particular, MCT is a popular option because it’s composed of medium-chain triglycerides that are smaller and easier to digest than other fats. Plus, it’s odorless, flavorless, and reasonably priced. However, nothing’s stopping you from choosing some other oil.
Step-by-Step Guide to Making Homemade CBD Oil
Creating your own CBD oil is rather straightforward, and it involves only a few steps. There are two main methods – both are quite simple, and we’ve listed both below.
The Basic Method
- Step One: The first thing you must do is decide on the concentration strength. If you’re unsure, start with 1000 mg of CBD for every 30 ml of oil.
- Step Two : Measure the powder using a milligram scale ($20 on Amazon).
- Step Three : Carefully pour the CBD powder into the container with a spoon or funnel.
- Step Four: Using the syringe, measure the appropriate amount of liquid and add it to the container with the powder.
- Step Five : Close the container and shake for 30 seconds to a minute. It may take a bit of time for the powder to dissolve, but once it does, it won’t recrystallize.
- Step Size: Add in a flavoring, food-grade essential oils work great. You can also use terpenes .
The Slightly More Complicated Method
If you have a stove and kitchen equipment available, you’ll probably want to keep this recipe handy.
- Step One: Add one cup of carrier oil to a pot and put it on low heat. Wait for the oil to simmer.
- Step Two: Add 1 gram of your isolate into the pot and stir until dissolved. You’ll know when to stop when the oil completely absorbs the powder.
- Step Three: Let cool and transfer into a container of your choice.
Important note: While cooking, it is advised to keep a close eye on the temperature with a thermometer. Do not let the oil burn at temps higher than 115°C/240°F, as this will burn the CBD.
When to Use CBD Oil
We’ve discussed how to make CBD oil from isolate powder, now let’s dive into the why.
For generations, hemp and cannabis have been used by people around the globe. The problem is that THC affects every person differently. Some people can function perfectly well while using, but others find the effects unpleasant. Moreover, since cannabis is still illegal in some jurisdictions, medicinal marijuana isn’t always an option.
That’s where CBD products come in. Since the THC is removed, there’s no worry about psychotropic THC effects, allowing you to use it day or night, in small or large doses.
There’s no harm in trying CBD. The worst outcome is that it doesn’t work with your body chemistry. But more and more, people are finding that the natural substance is a miracle worker. So give it a try today! It may just transform your life for the better.
George Mouratidis works as a full-time copywriter and journalist. He is the founder of WeedCopywriter.com, a bespoke content writing agency for the cannabis industry. George is a regular editor for many industry publications, as well as corporate blogs. He is also the co-writer of the book Ganja Hustle; a hit cannabis growing guide for the USA and Canada markets. When he is not writing, George likes to work out, trying new foods and playing with his cat. Currently, he lives in Greece.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home in Just 7 Easy Steps
If you want to know how to make CBD oil at home, you’ll be pleased to know it’s a lot easier than you think. Keep in mind. It won’t be the same quality and retention of plant compounds as professionally done by companies such as ourselves.
Sure, you can get it from an outside vendor, yet there’s something about homemade cannabis edibles that makes things fun. We all know there are different ways vendors do it. CO2 extraction is all the rage, but you’ll need a lot of money to buy the equipment and pay the technicians who operate it for you.
You may also have heard of alcohol extraction. While accessible, this isn’t the easiest way to do it. The method we’ll cover today means you probably won’t even have to don your mask and visit the grocery store. Everything you need is either in your cupboard, pantry or fridge. If you’re still missing something, you won’t drop more than a couple of bucks.
So if you:
- a) Own a stove
- b) Are on a budget
- c) Have no clue what you’re doing
…this is your chance to quickly and easily learn how to make CBD oil at home.
How to Make CBD Oil: The Full DIY Guide
Before we get to cooking, it’s important we understand some fundamentals about CBD and CBD oil. We could go on forever with the fine details, but all you need to know right now are the types of CBD products and some easy science.
Types of CBD
If you visit a CBD company’s website, you’ll likely come across the terms “full-spectrum,” “broad-spectrum,” or “CBD isolate.”
These labels refer to cannabinoid and terpene content – if any. Let’s take a quick look at what each product means.
Full-spectrum CBD oil (a.k.a. “whole plant extract”) contains all other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the source plant. Different plants contain different chemical profiles, but full-spectrum products will always contain some traces of THC.
However, THC won’t cause intoxication in such low doses, and even helps the overall potency of your CBD mixture, thanks to the “entourage effect.” This synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes effectively allows them to complement or improve the potency and effects of your CBD oil.
One complaint people have, though, is that full-spectrum maintains a strong cannabis or “hempy” taste.
Keep in mind, the homemade CBD oil method we cover doesn’t allow you to filter out any compounds, keeping your CBD rich in cannabinoids and terpenes – in other words, full-spectrum.
CBD isolate is a product containing up to 99% CBD, with all other compounds completely gone. It’s colorless, odorless, and flavorless. Some vendors who want their edibles or oils to be unaffected by any plant aroma often choose CBD isolate.
Although it’s almost pure CBD, isolate lacks any of the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes that work to trigger the entourage effect. Consequently, the therapeutic benefits of CBD isolate are limited compared to other forms.
Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle ground between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. It retains the same compounds as full-spectrum CBD, but with all traces of THC removed.
This is handy if you’re worried about triggering a drug test (which is possible) or if you’re sensitive to THC.
What is Decarboxylation?
Ever wonder why you have to light cannabis on fire or heat it in a vaporizer? The simple answer is “decarboxylation.” It’s an essential step when making your own CBD oil.
Cannabinoids originally sit in an inert acidic form. For example, CBD is originally CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) prior to decarbing. When heated to a certain temperature, the CBDA undergoes a chemical change that turns it into CBD.
The process of decarboxylation of the acidic form of CBD (CBDa) to Cannabidiol (CBD) with heat.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home
Now that we better understand CBD oil, it’s time to dive in on making CBD oil. The method we’ll describe today is the same one people use with any cannabis oil. It involves the use of dried flower from either an industrial hemp variety or “marijuana.”
Today, plenty of vendors offer industrial hemp dry herb in a variety of different strains and strengths – all with less than 0.3% THC. You can also get high CBD, lower THC flower from a dispensary or medical provider, depending on the laws in your state.
The following recipe will net you about 2 cups (500 ml) of CBD oil. The potency depends on how much CBD is in the dry herb, and the type/amount of carrier oil chosen. We recommend coconut oil because it does an excellent job retaining CBD and other cannabinoids.
The amount of dry herb and oil you use isn’t written in stone. The less oil you use, the more cannabinoids get packed into it. The level of CBD in your dry herb also affects potency.
But enough prepping – let’s make some CBD oil.
Things You’ll Need on Making CBD Oil
- 1/2 oz (14 g) industrial hemp flower or another cannabis flower (if legal)
- Baking sheet
- Aluminum foil
- 1 cup (250 ml) coconut oil
- Oven and stove
- Oven thermometer (optional)
- Meat thermometer
- Pot or saucepan
- Paper towel or coffee filter
Calculating Dosage When Making CBD Oil
Got all your ingredients? Great! Now it’s time to figure out how strong your oil will be. This requires some simple math.
Whether it’s industrial hemp or high-CBD “marijuana,” CBD levels vary from strain to strain. So let’s pretend your flower contains 20.0% CBD:
- Take 20.0 and move the decimal to the right, which shows your herb has 200 mg/g of CBD.
- Multiply that 200 by the number of grams you’re using – in this case, 14.
- We see that the total CBD in your batch will equal 2800 mg prior to decarboxylation.
- Now, we need to know the CBD per milliliter (ml), so divide 2800 by the 250 ml of coconut oil we’re using, which comes to 11.2 mg/ml of CBD oil.
If you find this dose is too little or too much, increase/decrease the amount of dry herb as needed. You can also add more oil to dilute the mixture.
To know how much CBD potency the hemp flower has, make sure you have the third-party lab report to get that number.
Here is a visual of a lab report on a cannabis hemp flower rich in CBD. As you can see, this hemp flower has a potency of 16% CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), which CBDA would then be converted to CBD after decarboxylation. Every 1,000mg of oil will contain roughly 160mg of CBD.
7 Steps on How to Make CBD Oil
Step 1: Preheat the Oven
Preheat your oven to 225 o F. This is a solid middle-ground. But remember that oven temperature isn’t likely to reflect the exact number shown on your stove.
It’s handy to have a simple oven thermometer if you want to keep a more precise tab on temperature. Undercooking won’t properly activate the cannabinoids while overcooking evaporates them away.
Step 2: Grind the Flower
Using your grinder , coarsely grind your cannabis flower . A simple metal hand grinder is a great choice, as these tend to give you the consistency you need.
Don’t over-grind it. If the pieces are too small, you’ll burn them before you even start making your own CBD oil.
Step 3: Prepare the Ground Cannabis
Line your baking sheet with aluminum foil . Evenly lay out the ground cannabis flower on your baking sheet. It’s important to keep it in an even, single layer. Otherwise, the flower won’t cook evenly.
Finally, cover the sheet with aluminum foil .
Step 4: Decarboxylate the Hemp Flower
If you have an oven thermometer inside the appliance, check to make sure you have the right temperature. If the difference is more than 20 o F in either direction, adjust the heat as needed.
Bake for 30 minutes, then remove and let the hemp cool for 45 minutes. Once cool, lift the layer of aluminum foil. If everything went well, the herb will have golden brown, toasted color.
Below is an image of grinded cannabis flower on the left prior to decarboxylation, and decarbed flower on the right.
The picture was taken from Madison Cole from Herbal Dispatch.
Step 5: Mix CBD with Coconut Oil to Make Tincture
Turn your pot or saucepan to low heat, and add the coconut oil. DO NOT allow it to simmer or sizzle.
Use the meat thermometer to check the oil temperature. It should hover at around 150 o F. If the mixture exceeds 200 0 F, you could cause some cannabinoids to evaporate during cooking.
You can use an overhead stirrer like this to set it on automatic, and it will mix the CBD extract with coconut oil to make CBD oil tinctures.
Step 6: Complete the Oil Infusion to make CBD Oil Tinctures
Cook the mixture for 30 minutes to 4 hours. The longer you cook, the more cannabinoids get infused into the oil, and the stronger your final product will be.
Step 7: Strain
Place a coffee filter or paper towel above a cup, small pot, or another container. Carefully and slowly pour the oil onto the filter or paper towel to separate and discard the plant matter.
Pro tip: Use two or three paper towels layered together, as a single one could rip while you pour the oil.
CBD Oil Uses
Congratulations on your first batch! Now that you can make your own CBD oil, it’s time to put it to good use. Although oil is typically associated with straight oral ingestion, there are other things you can do with it.
For instance, you can use it in edible recipes to make an endless range of tasty CBD-rich treats, or mix it with moisturizer to create a soothing topical. Some people add it to smoothies or use it as a salad dressing.
Ultimately, there’s almost no limit to what you can do with CBD oil.
How to Make CBD Oil: Final Thoughts and Tips
While making CBD oil, it’s important to consider safety. There are also some tips we want to address that’ll make your CBD cooking experience much better.
Safety when Making CBD Oil
Fortunately, you won’t be working with explosive substances like butane, nor will you need to worry about leaving solvent traces behind (alcohol method). Aside from “don’t burn yourself,” there’s really nothing else to worry about during the cooking process.
CBD itself, however, is another story. The cannabinoid is known to interact with a broad range of medications . Talk to your doctor before adding CBD to your health routine.