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do female marijuana plants produce seeds

Female Plant Producing Seeds

New growers usually start from seeds. When a gardener decides to maintain an ongoing garden, the first step toward consistent results is to make a mother plant or plants (this is covered in chapter 2). Once a quality mother is chosen, a gardener can propagate plants by taking cuttings for each successive garden. Since the cuttings or clones are identical to the mother, they are all females. The gardener can concentrate on getting the conditions and harvest time right for optimum results.

When I pick a female for a mother plant, I always choose something that I just adore to smoke, the type of marijuana that one hates to run out of. The thing is, sometimes pot thats great to smoke is a low yielder or takes too long to finish. That’s when the breeder’s creative energy can put a magic touch on the cannabis plants.

Gardeners also decide to try breeding when seeking a more ideal high and flavor. Whether the goal is enhanced qualities of the high or improved growing characteristics, breeding takes time, space and patience.

In order to reproduce an already-great female, all you need is a mother to clone from, but in order to breed you need a few good males, too. Actually, one male can be sufficient to pollinate hundreds of females.

In my opinion, the best way to breed is to start out working with quality genetics. Then you can enjoy the experimental nature of the whole thing. Breeding is an exercise in imagination. Start off with something you like and then think about what would make the plant better to grow or smoke.

It is necessary to start with plants that have already exhibited different desirable qualities. For instance, maybe one variety has a terrific flavor and high but is a finicky grower or takes a long time to finish. Another variety might be a hardy plant and finish quickly, but the high isn’t as mentally stimulating or the flavor isnt as tasty as it could be.

Once the gardener decides which plants have traits that would make a good combination, one variety becomes the donor parent (male) and one the recipient parent (female). These two parents are known as the PI generation.

The female is the plant whose traits you like but want to improve. The male is used to add traits to the female in order to improve a certain characteristic, such as finishing time. In other words, the male is used to "donate" new characteristics to the female.

The best way to identify a good male candidate is to experience a female from the same strain. After a suitable strain is identified, the most vigorous male is chosen. Sometimes it can be difficult to get a male plant of the variety you want. It may require obtaining additional seeds of the variety. If you think you might undertake any breeding, this is one reason to preserve seeds or possibly even males from the varieties you are working with.

When different varieties are crossed, the resulting plants are hybrids; that is, they are a genetic mix of the two parents or PI plants. This cross is the F1 generation. When grown out, the Fl’s have only subtle variations. Significant variety in this generation probably means that the parents were not completely stabilized strains. The F1 generation is like a big family of siblings. They are similar but none are precisely the same. They will exhibit slightly different combinations of their parents’ characteristics, but will still be more alike than they are different.

The first time you cross two different kinds of cannabis together, you get a phenomenon that’s called "hybrid vigor." F1 plants often exhibit impressive vitality. When F1 plants are made into mothers, their clones possess a near super strength.

It is now possible to go in two directions with the F1 generation. If the desired characteristic is present, the best F1 males are selected and crossed back to the female parent or clones taken from this parent. This is called backcrossing. Usually breeders backcross a number of times to introduce a desirable characteristic to a strain. Eventually, successful backcrossing results in a stable strain.

The other possibility is to cross F1 males and females with each other. Plants grown from the seeds of this cross are called the F2 generation. Whereas the F1 s were fairly uniform, the F2s are heterogenous. This cross increases diversity. The plants will exhibit a wider range of characteristics from which to select.

I basically get three dominant phenotypes and one recessive phenotype in the typical F2 generation. One plant will be like the father, one like the mother, one a combination of both and one a recessive phenotype that may exhibit some non-dominant genetic traits.

Selection is key in winning breeding programs. The hallmark of selection lies in the human ability to choose the best from a cluster of many. Selection is pardy talent and partly understanding the plants. It necessitates that the breeder knows what to look for and also knows his or her plants and their needs.

Selecting Winning Plants

Cannabis breeding allows a gardener to come up with an endless number of combinations.

When I choose strains I always select for medical potency first, yield and finishing time second. When assessing cannabis plants, I look for a few main things: the length of stem between nodes, the profuseness of THC trichomes, the finishing time, the aroma, and last but certainly not least, the effect.

It is desirable for the nodes to grow close together. Nodes are the places where branches come off of the main stem. Internodes is the term for the space between the branches. The less stem between branches, the better. Of course, THC glands are best when they are found in massive clusters rather than sparsely distributed. Most people prefer short finishing times. When growing outdoors, the finishing time is especially important and should be suitable to the region. Aroma and effect are more subjective. Some people like fruity, some pine. Whatever the desire, both aroma and effect will be enhanced

This indoor NYC Diesel is nearly ripe and ready to pick. NYC Diesel is a sativa/indica mii It -,: fruit flavor and a sunny creative high with a touch of body stone effect.

This young Buddha’s Sister has a healthy profusion of white hairs and a glossy green glow.

Buddha’s Sister plants have a characteristic powder-puff-shaped bud. Here the plant has started to ripen as evidenced by the appear ance of orange hairs.

Sister bud after being manicured and dried

At 10 weeks, this Buddha’s Sister bud is ripe. A photographer’s loupe would show glands filled with liquid arid slightly amber in color.

This indica variety has a tart cherry flavor arid a powerful cerebral high. This plant looks quite robust with a week or two left to go before it will be ready to harvest.

The Ice-o-lator® (left) from Mila Jarisen’s Pollinator Company, and Bubble Bags® (right) from Fresh Headies are designed to make it easy to process leaf or bud into hash. These products are described in chapter 8. Information about these companies can be found in the resource appendix.

Here you can see that a male flower has formed on a female plant. The plant was flowered for an additional 10 days to 2

weeks beyond ripeness to force male flowers.

When female plants produce male flowers, the pollen creates all-female seeds. Feminizing seeds is described in chapter 10.

Females qrown lonaer for pollen do not usually form seeds.

they do. This plant has both a male flnuuer anrl a seed in close proximity.

Here you can see that a male flower has formed on a female plant. The plant was flowered for an additional 10 days to 2

weeks beyond ripeness to force male flowers.

When female plants produce male flowers, the pollen creates all-female seeds. Feminizing seeds is described in chapter 10.

Females qrown lonaer for pollen do not usually form seeds.

hut occasionally they do. This plant has both a male flnuuer anrl a seed in close proximity.

Here are 4 other Soma varieties: White Willow (upper left), Somango (upper right), Amethyst Bud (lower left), and Lavender (lower right). Stories about the evolution of Soma’s varieties are included in chapter 11.

by using organic methods of cultivation and by harvesting and curing properly.

The first thing I typically notice about a new variety is the shape of the leaf and the tone of green it has. Even before harvesting any buds, I can tell by the shape of the leaf if it is going to be special. Flowering out strains is the ultimate way of knowing the full range of a strains qualities. Most strains take 3-4 months to finish a complete cycle, so seeing how each strain grows takes a good amount of time and space. Once you get to know your plants you can organize your garden by grouping plants according to height or similar harvest time. This can be quite helpful for cross-pollination projects that use many different females and one choice male.

It is usually trickier to select a desirable male than it is to choose a female you want to cross. This is a good reason to select several males and cross each of them with the female variety that you like, and then see which produces the most promising hybrids.

Breeding with NYC Diesel

NYC Diesel is a blend of a Mexican sativa and an Afghani. It tastes like ripe red grapefruits. Everyone I smoke it with loves it, so I thought it would be a great male.

I planted several Diesel seeds and got three males, each one showing a slightly different growth habit. I’d read that it was possible to achieve greater genetic depth by breeding with more than one type of male from the same genetic pool.

With this new information, I conducted a little genetic experiment. I placed fifteen different varieties of female plants in my grow room and crossed them to two of the male NYC Diesel’s. One of the males had closer internodes and wider leaves, and the other had more stretch between nodes and thinner leaves. I put both of these males in the room with the females, and as the pollen flew, the two of them pollinated all the plants.

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I liked the results. While all the crosses had NYC Diesel genetics, i had greater variety from which to make my selections.

When deciding what to breed for, another factor to consider might be what other people want. For instance, many outdoor growers are looking for a fast finishing strain. For some growers, fast finishing strains may be desirable even though they are often less potent. Medicinal users may also be looking for specific characteristics in a strains effect.

How to Cross

Having enough space to breed is important. When working with cannabis you may have to produce hundreds of plants before you discover the winner you have been looking for, so patience is a virtue. The more plants you are able to grow out and select from, the more likely you will find something unique or precisely to your liking.

I put the females under 12/12 lighting a week before the males are added. This gives the female plants a head start, so they have more time to produce flowers. Also, after harvest when all the seeds have been removed, the leftover material makes excellent water hash.

It takes the male cannabis plant about 3 weeks to start throwing pollen. It continues for about 3 weeks. Female calyxes that are the first to get hit make the first seeds. The females continue to make new calyxes. As they become ripe, the male pollen touches them and seeds start to form. The last calyxes to get pollinated usually don’t get a chance to finish, and the seeds come out white.

In my quest for the best medicinal genetics, I am constantly trying new techniques and genetics, constantly learning about this sacred plant and all the gifts she holds. Spreading quality seeds around the world has brought me many new friends and adventures, and I truly think that it changes not only the topography of planet Earth, but her soul as well.

For so many years, I grew only seedless ganja because it smokes the best, but sometimes I have daydreams about what would happen if every ganja smoker grew one seed crop and spread them around

The Soma Way of Female Seeds

Making cannabis seeds is an art. As in any art, there are different methods of application. I have tried using gibberilic acid, pH stress, light stress, and fertilizer stress to force my female plants to make seeds. All of these methods are harsh on the plants, and some, such as gibberilic acid, are not organic.

In my search for cleaner, more earth-friendly ways of working with the cannabis plant, I have found a new way to make feminized seeds. This method of making female seeds is Age Feminization Technique (AFT). I like to call it "Rodelization," after a friend who helped me realize and make use of this way of making female seeds.

Stressing for Seeds

Female seeds happen from stress, not genetics. That’s right. I am saying that all cannabis varieties have the capability of making male flowers on 100% female plants. Stress is the cause of this phenomenon. In the 32 years I have been actively growing cannabis, I have come to know every form of stress a cannabis plant can experience.

It takes many harvests before you really get to know a type of weed. Just like getting to know human friends, it takes time. Some strains prefer a higher pH, some a lower one. Some like a lot of food some like much less. There is quite a lot of variety in marijuana genetics, and you cant treat every plant the same way.

I have grown the same strains now for close to a decade, and am truly getting to know every bit of body language that my plants exhibit. I can recognize them now from a distance.

After growing crop after crop of the same plants in the same conditions, I noticed that if I flowered the plants 10-14 days

First, match the female plant with the pollen from the same female in the previous crop. Turn off all of the fans in the room. With a fine watercolor brush, remove some pollen from the bag and paint it on the female flower. This is repeated for each variety. I have done this successfully with up to ten strains in the same room.

I pollinate the lower flowers, leaving the top colas seedless for smoking. This method requires two crops to produce seeds, but it is completely organic. It also lets you have great quality smoke at the same time and from the same plant you are using to make female seeds. If you have never grown seeds for fear of not having something good to smoke, you will love this method.

You can also use the collected pollen to make new female crosses by cross-pollinating. This is a great solution when you want to use a variety you like as the "male" part of the cross, but you don’t have access to seeds or males.

The second way is less controlled, or may be used when you are gardening a single variety. Rather than drying and saving the pollen, the females with male flowers are brought directly into the room with a second group of females that are 3 weeks into the flowering cycle. The circulation fans are turned to high and the little particles of pollen circulate around the room for several days. Six to seven weeks later you have ripe 100% feminized seeds. This method does not produce as many seeds as crossing with a genetically male plant, but it is productive enough to keep a variety in circulation.

Feminizing methods can be extremely valuable in the effort to preserve strains, as well as being useful for any breeding program. Having been a farmer who moved my genetics far away from where they started, I know the value of seeds. My friend Adam from TH Seeds in Amsterdam has a motto that I love to borrow: "Drop seeds not bombs."

How to Tell If A Cannabis Plant Is Male or Female

When it comes to growing cannabis, it truly is essential that you learn the difference between male and female cannabis plants. By learning this simple technique, you can easily decide what you want to pollinate and what you don’t.

Understanding Plant Reproductive Morphology

First, let’s take one step back to fully grasp why we need to separate cannabis plants by male and female in the first place. This is commonly referred to as the plant reproductive morphology, which is simply the study of the physical form and structure of a plant’s sexual reproduction parts.

While there are actually many complex forms of morphology, for the sake of keeping it simple, we’re only going to cover three of the most common ones.

Hermaphrodite (bisexual):

This is a type of plant that forms both male and female parts on the same plant. Therefore, this plant will be able to reproduce on its own. However, in cannabis plants, you can discover a “hermied” plant by banana looking shoots, which form on the flowers. While this can be the genetics of the cannabis strain, it may also be an indication of the plant getting too stressed out. When a plant gets too stressed and fears it will die, it may begin to form male reproductive parts. This is to ensure that seeds can drop for its survival (keep reading for more info on detecting “hermied” cannabis plants).

Monoecious:

For this type of plant, it will form both male and female reproductive parts. However, they will not be on the same flower as they are with hermaphrodite plants. Within monoecious plants, you will find one flower has female parts, while another has male parts. In cannabis, this is very uncommon to find. Actually, it’s only been reported a few times in history and something that we’ve never personally seen. If this were to happen, you would find one stalk with definitive male characteristics and other branches of the same plant with definitive female characteristics.

Dioecious:

Now, with a dioecious plant, you will find that the plant either produces all male parts or all female parts. This means that no single plant can reproduce on its own. The female actually needs its male counterpart to continue producing seed for the following year. And, you guessed it, this is the category cannabis falls into and why you must separate your males from females. If you fail to separate them all, you will likely find that the male plants pollinated your females. Therefore, leaving you with a handful of buds chalked full of seeds.

How to Tell the Difference Between Male and Female Cannabis Plants

Now, with an understanding of the various sexual organs within cannabis plants, let’s get to the fun part – separating your lady friends from their male counterparts.

After the seeds have sprouted and the plants have had a chance to grow, it will be time to find out which ones you’ll be keeping to flower out and which ones you will be chopping down to avoid seeded buds.

Usually, when starting from seed, you will need to wait about four to six weeks before the male and female parts will be formed well enough for you to see the difference.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds: What Are They?

Do you enjoy a smoke, inhale cannabis vapor, or consume an edible? If so, you owe an enormous debt of gratitude to the female cannabis plant. Only females provide the bud that is rich in cannabinoids such as THC that we can all enjoy. As a result, most growers look for feminized seeds that only carry female genetics. You can rely upon such seeds to produce nothing but female plants.

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In contrast, non-feminized cannabis seeds produce a yield where around half of the plants are male and half are female. Male plants are useful for a breeding program. However, it is heartbreaking to have to throw away 50% of the plants at the end! Moreover, you are wasting a lot of time and space on plants you’ll ultimately have little or no use for.

This detailed guide provides information on male, female, and hermaphrodite plants. It also shows you how to feminize seeds and outlines their pros and cons. Finally, it looks at seven of the best options on the market. Let’s get started!

Hermaphrodite Plants

There is a host of misinformation relating to feminized seeds and hermaphrodites (plants that show intersexuality). While more complex organisms typically have a specific gender, marijuana doesn’t necessarily follow this pattern. Cannabis is an odd plant because it grows annually and produces male and female flowers on different plants. However, it is also capable of producing flowers of the opposite gender under specific circumstances.

As it happens, this unusual situation is a survival mechanism. It allows cannabis to reproduce while being both an annual growth plant and one that produces flowers of different sexes on different plants.

Conditions such as physical damage, light cycle, and temperature variations can cause a marijuana plant to become ‘intersexual.’

Intersexuality is a response to adverse growing conditions; in this situation, the plant is aware that it has a lower chance of reproduction. Poor growing conditions significantly reduce the plant’s chances of completing a growing season. It becomes less likely that a plant of the opposite gender will grow close enough to fertilize.

When this happens, female plants may grow male ‘staminate’ flowers to produce pollen. They can also pollinate their own female ‘pistil’ flowers and produce seeds for next year.

How Early Feminized Seeds Were Created

In the modern era, growers utilize new technologies to feminize seeds and produce a success rate of almost 100%! You won’t be surprised to learn that it was a little different at the beginning! Early attempts to feminize marijuana seeds involved the use of two female plants. One of them had hermaphroditic tendencies; it was a plant that tended to produce male flowers when exposed to stress.

The hermaphrodite was deliberately stressed via pruning or exposure to a reduced light cycle. The goal was to encourage it to produce male cannabis flowers. The pollen from these flowers was applied to the other female plant. The main issue with the technique was that the pollen-donating female plants would often turn intersexual. This is a trait inherited by any feminized seeds created using this method.

As you will read later on, it is a lot easier to feminize cannabis seeds these days. First, let’s take a look at the difference between male and female cannabis plants.

Male vs. Female Cannabis Plants

The trouble with naturally pollinated marijuana plants is that they tend to produce male and female seeds at around the same rate. As a result, there is only a 50% chance that you’ll yield a female plant from a regular cannabis seed. Ultimately, this means an extremely inefficient grow. You have to account for the likelihood that half your plants are male.

Unless you are a breeder, a male plant is effectively useless. Too many of them will ruin your efforts to cultivate marijuana. You can circumnavigate the problem by planting twice as many seeds as usual. After all, you know that you’ll have to cull approximately 50% of the crop. If you go down this route, you still need to identify male cannabis plants as soon as possible.

Waste not, want not!…

If you are a prospective grower, you already know that marijuana plants go through two life stages, vegetative and flowering. You could classify the vegetative stage as a plant’s ‘childhood.’ It only focuses on becoming bigger and stronger, with no thought given to gender at this stage. You’re unlikely to have an idea of the plant’s gender for six weeks. This is around the time when plants show ‘pre-flowers.’

Therefore, you will know a plant’s gender by the beginning of the flowering stage as long as you know what to look for. At this point, your plants will begin growing buds and pollen sacs. There is a difference between the pre-flowers produced by male and female plants. Once you become an experienced grower, you can quickly tell the difference.

Male Plants

They form balls that look a little like grapes and get filled with pollen. You can spot these balls within a fortnight of the flowering stage beginning. Fail to detect the male plant in time, and the sacs will burst. Pollen will cover the surrounding area.

Female Plants

It usually takes a little longer to spot a female plant after the start of the flowering stage. They begin by showing a wispy white hair or two where their buds will ultimately start forming. You should see these hairs where the main stem connects to the nodes. You can sometimes discover this initial sign if you keep the plant in the vegetative state for a little longer.

There are many pictures online that show you the white pistils growing out of the plant’s calyxes. Just remember, female pistils are NEVER green; they are white and wispy.

Please note that there is a possibility of hermaphrodite plants, which will have both sex organs. You need to remove such plants because they will spill pollen and ruin your crop. When you find male and hermaphrodite plants, it is best to throw them out rather than looking to remove the buds by hand. You can keep a few males for breeding purposes, but otherwise, get rid of them!

Why You Should Grow from Feminized Cannabis Seeds

The most obvious reason to use feminized cannabis seeds is to take the guesswork out of growing. If you germinate regular seeds, half of them are likely male plants that you must toss away. When you feminize marijuana seeds, you can plan for a full and productive garden.

Remember, even in states where marijuana is legal to cultivate, there are limits on the number of plants you can grow. In California, for example, all adults aged 21+ can produce a maximum of six plants per household. If you use regular seeds, likely, three or even four (if you’re unlucky) of your plants will be males.

As well as taking up space, male plants also cost you time and resources.

You can’t tell a plant’s gender for weeks when using regular seeds. As a result, you have no choice but to cultivate them until you can determine the gender of your plants. It is normal to discover the sex of a plant by the start of the flowering stage. This is when you switch to the 12 hours of light, 12 hours of dark schedule. By that time, you have used a lot of energy and nutrients on plants that you ultimately throw away.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds Pros & Cons

Why go through so much hassle when you can feminize seeds and enjoy a near 100% success rate? However, it would be remiss of us not to mention the pros AND cons of feminized marijuana seeds. It is not an entirely ‘perfect’ solution!

Pros of Feminizing Cannabis Seeds

  • Every plant will produce buds
  • A near 100% strike rate means there’s no concern about wasting space on plants that you’ll eventually remove from the growing area
  • There is no need to worry about watching plants at the pre-flowering stage to see if they are male or female
  • Without pollen sacs from male plants, there is no chance of pollination

Cons of Feminizing Cannabis Seeds

  • They are not a good choice if you aim to produce seeds, because they prevent the development of male genetics.
  • You need male seeds to create an active breeding program if you want to develop new and exciting strains.
  • Not every seller is reputable. You could still end up with seeds derived from a low-quality feminization process, which can become hermaphrodites.

How to Feminize Cannabis Seeds

You can purchase feminized cannabis seeds from reputable breeders. However, if there are none in your area, or if you fancy a challenge, you can try to make them at home. There is an element of luck involved when attempting DIY feminization. Therefore, don’t expect a sky-high success rate. Let’s take a look at some of the most commonly used feminization techniques.

Rodelization

Although it is one of the more accessible options, it is a long way from being the most effective. It is a natural solution, but you are entirely reliant on the marijuana plant to act. The idea is to keep the female plant in the flowering state for way beyond the ideal harvest time. This causes the plant to become stressed, so that it will create pollen sacs. Once the sacs appear, you can harvest the pollen.

Understand the weed growth cyc…

As you can probably guess, it isn’t a very reliable method at all. Cannabis plants react differently to stress. While some strains consistently produce pollen sacs under duress, others don’t. Rodelization works best when you find a marijuana strain that reliably develops the sacs. The other problem is that you’re selecting plants that are naturally hermaphrodite. Therefore, the resulting seeds could also go that way.

Colloidal Silver

This form of silver causes a female plant to produce male pollen sacs and is far more reliable than rodelization. You can purchase colloidal silver or try to make it yourself using:

  • A soldering iron
  • Alligator chips
  • A 9-volt battery and a connector
  • Pure silver; you can use a coin or some wire, for example
  • Distilled water
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Finding 99.9% silver is a big challenge in this DIY process. As a result, it is best to buy a colloidal silver solution from a reputable store. Whether you purchase or create the solution, the next step is to select a female marijuana plant. Make sure you mist it daily with the silver after it flowers. Continue this process until male pollen sacs begin to form. It usually takes anywhere from 10 to 14 days for this to happen.

The pollen sacs that appear will swell and begin to open up once it is time to harvest. Keep spraying the bud sites each day until the sacs are ready. Once the sacs start to crack, collect the feminized pollen. Use it to fertilize a female plant that has been in the flowering stage for at least two weeks.

Approximately six weeks after pollination, the female plant’s calyxes will become fat and swollen. This is a sign that you should harvest the seeds once they begin coming through. Congratulations! You have created feminized seeds.

Other Methods

Cloning a female marijuana plant is a cost-efficient option with a high success rate. Technically, you are not feminizing seeds, but you do receive female plants and buds. Although cloning is very useful, it only allows you to create a single strain time and again. That’s great news if you love the strain, but it doesn’t allow for experimentation.

If you opt to buy feminized seeds, it helps you to explore what is an ever-growing field of cannabis strains.

The Best Feminized Cannabis Seeds on the Market

If you’re planning to grow cannabis and want to buy feminized cannabis seeds, here are seven of the best strains.

1 – Northern Lights

  • Growing Difficulty: Easy
  • Ready for Harvest: 7-9 weeks, or mid-October
  • Where to Buy: Royal Queen Seeds

Northern Lights is a household name. Among cannabis enthusiasts, it is a famed strain that almost everyone knows. It possesses 90% indica genetics with the effects to match, producing a stoned body high that will leave a smile plastered to your face.

As for growing Northern Lights, you’re best off in a warm, Mediterranean climate. Those in California will have luck with this strain. As for indoor growing, you will need to keep the temperature warm and relatively humid.

Apart from temperature regulation, Northern Lights is a pretty easy grower. You can use either a soil medium or a hydroponics set-up, and the crop will reward you with 18 ounces per square meter. Meanwhile, outdoor crops can provide 22 ounces per plant!

As a feminized strain, you’ll have no problem growing Northern Lights.

2 – Amnesia Haze

  • Growing Difficulty: Moderate
  • Ready for Harvest: 9 weeks, or late October
  • Where to Buy: Soma Seeds

Amnesia Haze is another famed strain, this time a delightful sativa. It hails from Holland, a land known for high-quality buds. As a top-shelf sativa, you can expect pleasant effects during the high, including euphoria, laughter, and energy. With a 21% THC content, you need to be careful with this one.

It’s a moderately tricky strain to grow. While not the easiest around, it’s still an ideal strain for intermediate growers looking to progress onto something slightly trickier. Amnesia Haze prefers a balmy Mediterranean climate; however, it’s best to grow it indoors.

This strain is susceptible to pests, and it’s better to attempt temperature control by keeping it inside. You should always use compost to help protect it from molds and infections. The indoor yield is about 21 ounces per meter squared, a very reasonable amount of bud. Plus, with feminized seeds, you don’t have to worry about a corrupt crop.

3 – White Widow

  • Growing Difficulty: Easy
  • Ready for Harvest: 8-10 weeks, or late October
  • Where to Buy: Royal Queen Seeds

White Widow is named for the smattering of white trichomes covering the plant, giving it a shimmering appearance. These trichomes produce a potent plant, with an average THC content of around 22.5%. As a result, this strain is not for those new to cannabis. It’s also a 60/40 hybrid with indica leanings.

The high from White Widow is euphoric, but with a decent burst of energy and sociality, it’s a great strain to enjoy when chilling with friends.

For growers, White Widow is a blessing. It’s resistant to molds, pests, and colder temperatures. You can cultivate it pretty much anywhere, and it grows well without much intervention.

Although it flowers indoors in 8 weeks, you can push it up to 10 weeks to encourage greater trichome production and more potent bud. The trichomes also carry some of the skunky flavors.

Royal Queen Seeds now stocks a feminized version of the classic White Widow strain. It even recommends this strain specifically to new growers; take their word for it!

4 – Bubba Kush

  • Growing Difficulty: Easy-Moderate
  • Ready for Harvest: 8-10 weeks, or mid-October
  • Where to Buy: Humboldt Seeds

Bubba Kush is a strain with a long history, named after a legendary grower called Bubba. It was probably bred sometime during the 90s. Nowadays, it is still enjoyed for its hybrid effects. Bubba Kush makes the user feel happy but sedated, rested, but delighted. This is not a strain to miss with its 19% THC content and coffee, chocolate flavors.

For cultivators, Bubba Kush is reasonably easy to grow. It is naturally quite resistant to molds and pests and can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It is quite well suited for indoor growing with a relatively short height of 2-4 feet.

Using the Sea of Green (SoG) technique, growers can expect a decent yield. Outdoors, Bubba Kush can produce 21-28 ounces per plant, while indoor plants may produce 18 ounces per meter squared.

Feminized Bubba Kush seeds are now widely available online. Thanks to its easy growing, these feminized seeds are ideal for new growers.

5 – Green Crack

  • Growing Difficulty: Easy
  • Ready for Harvest: 7-9 weeks, or late September
  • Where to Buy: Humboldt Seeds

Supposedly named by Snoop Dogg himself, Green Crack is another famous strain. It’s a sativa-dominant cannabis variety packing a ton of incredible effects. With delicious flavors like mango and citrus, and an array of spacey, cerebral effects, it’s no wonder Green Crack remains popular.

Green Crack is widely renowned as an excellent strain for new growers. Outdoors, Green Crack enjoys a sunny, Mediterranean climate with decent humidity. However, it can’t be too humid because Green Crack is sensitive to mildew.

Fortunately, Green Crack can thrive in a range of growing mediums, including hydroponics set-ups. The plants will reach around 3-4 feet tall, which is on the small side for a sativa. Indoor plants will yield about 18 ounces per square meter – reasonable for a short flowering period. Outdoor grows can reward you with 20 ounces per plant.

We probably have Green Crack’s hip-hop fame to thank for the prevalence of feminized seeds, so you shouldn’t have trouble finding them online.

6 – Blue Cheese

  • Growing Difficulty: Easy
  • Ready for Harvest: 8-9 weeks, or early October
  • Where to Buy: Barney’s Farm

You may guess from the name, but Blue Cheese possesses a potent, cheesy aroma and flavor. Luckily, there are sweet notes of blueberry and spicy tones in there to balance it out. Cheese-lovers adore the Blue Cheese strain for its taste and effects. This indica-dominant hybrid offers euphoria and relaxation rolled into one strain.

As far as growing is concerned, Blue Cheese is surprisingly easy to cultivate. It’s naturally resistant to mold, powdery mildew, and various insects. It can also survive in colder environments compared to other strains. As a result, you don’t need to be a botany expert to help this strain thrive.

The flowering period is relatively short, at 8-9 weeks. Outdoors, it’s ready by the end of September or early October. The yield is decent, too, with 19 ounces per square meter indoors and 19 ounces per plant outside.

Enjoy the delightful effects of Blue Cheese by growing it yourself!

7 – Purple Queen

  • Growing Difficulty: Moderate
  • Ready for Harvest: 8-9 weeks, or October
  • Where to Buy: Royal Queen Seeds

The best part about growing Purple Queen is the rewarding results of purple-colored cannabis. The indica effects are also something to behold, with a fantastic body high. Vibrant purple coloring and delectable pine aromas are all things to look forward to from Purple Queen.

Plus, this strain is feminized and fairly easy to grow. It thrives in temperate climates, but you will likely need to reduce the temperature toward the flowering stage to encourage purple buds.

By the way, Purple Queen is relatively resistant to mold, so you can sit back and enjoy what this strain has to offer. The only complicated part is bringing out the coloration.

Indoors, Purple Queen provides just short of 18 ounces per square meter and 24 ounces per plant outside.

What Are Feminized Seeds? Final Thoughts

Growing cannabis in the home is legal in several American states. However, please check your state’s laws for more information. Even in these locations, you can only grow a relatively small number of plants in your home. Therefore, don’t waste your allocation and garden space by risking regular seeds.

As a home grower, you can create feminized cannabis seeds by using colloidal silver. All it takes is a little patience, and you could end up with a garden filled with female plants.

If you don’t use feminized strains in your garden, you effectively grow a crop half-filled with plants you won’t use.

Don’t have the time, resources, know-how, or wherewithal to create feminized seeds? In that case, you can easily purchase them from a reputable supplier such as Kannabia. They use high-quality equipment to all but guarantee feminized seeds. The brand has created an impressive range of feminized genetics featuring award-winning strains.

If you don’t use feminized strains in your garden, you effectively grow a crop half-filled with plants you won’t use. That is a severe waste of time, energy, and space.