An Overview of Marijuana Seeds
So, you are ready to start your growing journey, and it’s time for the first step: deciding which cannabis seeds to purchase. There are tons to choose from, but a Pot for Pot does some of the work for you by hand selecting the best seeds and strains for easy growing.
This article will review the seed options available to you such as autoflowering and photoperiod seeds, plus the strains that are best for newbies. Let’s dive in!
An Overview of Marijuana Seeds
Intro to seeds – photoperiod vs. autoflower
It’s not easy trying to pick the right marijuana if you don’t understand the different types. Photoperiod seeds are generally the go-to option for more experienced growers since they are quite inexpensive. However, you should also understand the difference between photoperiod and autoflower seeds because there are some advantages to both.
The primary difference between the two seeds is how they enter the flowering stage. This is when plants grow flowers that eventually turn into weed. Photoperiod plants shift into the flowering stage when the light cycle changes. Outside, this would indicate a seasonal change, so you growers would want to mimic this change with their lights.
Photoperiod seeds, unlike autoflowers, require certain climate conditions to go from the vegetative to flowering stage and are considered harder to grow because of this . The growth phases for photoperiod strains change according to the hours of light and darkness.
The good news is that growers will have more control over their plants if they’re growing from photoperiod seeds. Photoperiods will stay in the vegetative stage for however long they need to, as long as they’re receiving the right amount of light. This means you can grow a photoperiod plant to your desired size before switching it to the flowering stage.
Autoflowers, on the other hand, are not dependent on the amount of daylight. They will begin flowering automatically within 4-5 weeks no matter what. Autoflowering strains can be great because they have a shorter life cycle, are smaller (better for growing in your home), and aren’t as picky about lighting.
Autoflowering hybrid plants contain genetics from a species called ruderalis. Cannabis ruderalis originates from Eastern Europe and Central Asia, where the growing season is shorter. These plants forced themselves to flower much quicker before the first frost.
Autoflower seeds are a great option for growing with natural light. These seeds do not rely on the length of daylight and season changes to flower. They will begin flowering even with 24 hours of light. The autoflower lifespan generally takes about 10 weeks to complete.
How seeds are made
For cannabis plants to reproduce, the female plant has to be pollinated by a male plant and then it will produce seeds. In nature, pollen is carried from the male to the female plant via the wind. When the seeds mature, the female plant will die, and the seeds will fall to the ground, where they germinate and grow into a new marijuana plant next season.
Our complete grow kits include everything you need to go from seed to your very own supply of high grade medical cannabis.
Sativa Vs Indica Marijuana Seeds – Difference
You will find that there is a wide range of different strains of indica and sativa mixed cannabis seeds. There are even some strains of cannabis seeds that have been crossbred for quite a few years. This is generally done so that the grower can take advantage of the benefit of achieving the final results of having a marijuana crossbreed that is considered to be stable and perfect. You should wait until at least half way through the growing cycle to tell the difference between the two plants.
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Sativa And Indica Weed Seeds And The High
The main reason that so many people choose to mix different cannabis seed varieties of indica and sativa together is because of the great results they are provided with in particularly unique characteristics of a great taste and variation in high. There are actually quite a few growers that enjoy experimenting with different strains of indica and sativa cannabis seeds, and from this experimentation there have been several unbranded varieties of crossbred’s released on the market that people can buy.
Although many of the crossbred varieties of indica and sativa cannabis seeds are unknown, there are several different varieties that are well-known. To list some of these would include Big Bud, California Dream Feminized, Caramelicious, Cheese, Cheese Feminized, Crystal Rain, Dutch Dope, Danja Dward / Lowryder, Mary Juana, Master Kush, and various others.
|Sativa Marijuana Plants
(Indica VS Sativa)
|Indica Marijuana Plants
(Sativa VS Indica)
|-Thin and Tall||-Wide & Short|
|-Euphoric Strong High||-Relaxed High, Full Body Buzz|
|-High THC Content||-Mid THC|
|-Thin & Long Leaves||-Full and Shorter|
Do you have indica seeds at low cost or sativa seeds for sale cheap from your seedbank?
Autoflower vs. Feminized vs Regular (Photoperiod): A Easy to Understand Guide
Autoflower, feminized, and photoperiod (regular) are all options you may be confronted with when it comes time to buy cannabis seeds. Autoflowering promises predictable growth, with no need to fuss with light schedules. Feminized seeds promise no wasted space or time sexing out males. Photoperiod (or normal cannabis seeds) are needed for breeding, experimenting and guaranteed rigorous growth.
But is this too much technical cultivation lingo too soon? Every grower has an opinion about what type of seed is best, but it always comes down to growth expectations, space restrictions, and personal opinion.
Here are the basic details on autoflower versus feminized versus old-fashioned, unadulterated normal cannabis seeds. By the end, you’ll have the information you need to make an informed decision.
Autoflowering Strains 101
Autoflowering strains of cannabis have genetics that guarantees flowering on a predictable schedule. Regular photoperiod plants need changes in the day/night light schedule to trigger a transition from vegetative into flower. Autoflower, as the name suggests, will launch into flower at the appointed time, no matter what.
A typical auto-flowering strain will be ready to harvest between 60 to 90 days after germination. Conventional photoperiod varieties take a minimum of 90 days but can run upwards of six or seven months, depending on the environment and cultivator preference.
Why are auto-flowering varieties different? They contain ruderalis genetics. This is a third landrace strain, like indica and a sativa. Thanks to comprehensive cannabis breeding programs, most established and popular strains are available in regular and auto-flowering varieties.
Autoflowering is useful for pumping out several harvests in the same time it would take to grow a single conventional variety. They also grow smaller (perfect for small indoor spaces) and are more predictable in growth rate and pattern. As a bonus, you will be able to sex your plants within roughly 21 days and maintain the same light schedule (18:6) for the entire operation.
According to experienced cultivators, it can be nice to grow a few auto-flowering varieties while you veg out the main regular strains. The small size also works well for Sea of Green cultivation.
The problem with autoflower strains? Compared with their regular counterparts, their harvests are smaller, including bud size and quantity. Many people also feel that even the cannabinoid and terpene profiles are not as good as the normal varieties.
Feminized Seeds 101
Feminized seeds are preselected female seeds. They are photoperiod, not autoflowering, which means you’ll use changes in light to trigger the flowering.
The benefit of spending the extra money on feminized seeds is that there is little to no risk of wasting time on sexing males. According to some reports, regular seeds run the risk of producing a male approximately a third of the time.
For small-scale indoor operations, or those legally capped at a strict number of plants, feminized seeds make a lot of sense. Why waste time and resources raising a male when you can start with already-feminized seeds?
Feminized seeds are a human-made creation. Breeders and seed sellers use colloidal silver or other chemicals to inhibit ethylene production in a female plant before it goes to seed. Ethylene is a hormone produced during flower by cannabis plants. The treated plants result in almost 100 percent female seeds.
Feminized seeds are specialized and are therefore more expensive to produce and, for the consumer, more expensive to buy. But, many growers prefer feminized seeds because they make growing that much smoother.
Still, even feminized seeds come with a risk. The chemical retardation of ethylene production also increases the risk of developing a hermaphrodite plant, which can appear far later than a male. As per one forum post, “The way I look at feminized seeds, simply put they are hermaphrodites in disguise. Yes, you are more likely to produce females yet they still carry the herm gene.”
Regular (Photoperiod) Seeds 101
Regular seeds produced the way nature intended them are photoperiod. They will need transitions in light schedule and will grow both male and female plants. Female cannabis plants produce seeds when exposed to pollen produced by male plants. It’s the birds and the bees, cannabis edition.
There is a long-standing tradition among growers to value the vigour, variety, and purity offered by regular seeds. There are notable differences in the quantity between auto-flowering strains and their regular counterparts, but what about regular and feminized differences?
These differences may be more lore than reality. To be sure, using synthetic chemicals or colloidal silver to produce feminized seeds can pose risks to both the plant and the people, but there are methods of executing this safely these days.
To date, there is no real evidence (scientific or cultivator case study) that indicates feminized seeds show any less vigour, yield or resin production than the regular seeds.
Regular seeds are much cheaper than feminized. Many growers, who have space, may want to take the birds and the bees into their own hands to maintain genetics or breed new experiments. Having male plants around, when done correctly, is a valuable endeavour.
What is Best for Cultivators: Autoflower, Feminized or Regular?
What convinces a cultivator to grow auto-flower versus regular, or feminized versus regular? Often it comes down to cultivation experience, the primary goal for the harvest, and time or space constraints.
Small indoor spaces, growing one round at a time, may want to stick with autoflower strains. Larger operations looking to sell their harvests but need to stick to a specific plant count may choose feminized. Finally, those who love a traditional approach and are blessed with lots of space will likely stick with regular photoperiod seeds.
As always, there are as many opinions on the matter as there are people growing weed.