How to Grow a Cannabis Farm Business in the Blazing Marijuana Economy
Cannabis farming in the US began to take off in 2018 after the Farming Act of 2018 legalized the farming and processing of hemp in most states. Unfortunately, we are still being out-farmed by many countries that are way ahead of us in the game, making their cannabis farming business much more successful than ones in the US.
The good news is that the Farming Act of 2018 has helped the US become an active contender in the cannabis farming marketplace. This means that American-based companies can now financially support businesses at home rather than overseas. What may not have been a successful business to have just a few years ago may now be a booming business to be in, as long as you know how to maximize it.
The Basic Method of Growing a Cannabis Farm
A cannabis farm is a large tract of land with the sole purpose of planting, growing, and harvesting cannabis. Cannabis is a relatively easy crop to harvest, as it does not require extreme conditions to successfully grow. The cannabis plant prefers a warm, humid climate that is periodically watered.
Your cannabis farm does not require enclosures, but if you can enclose groups of your cannabis plants, we highly recommend it. Cannabis plants within greenhouse enclosures will help keep the temperature regulated and the atmosphere humid. However, it is not required to have your hemp grown inside enclosures, so long as you live in the proper climate.
Cannabis requires soil with a pH of around 6. If the soil is not rich in nutrients, the cannabis can grow but may need a boost of fertilizer to increase the nitrogen that is found within the plant, as nitrogen needs to be present during the entire life cycle of the cannabis plant.
The first step in growing a cannabis farm is planting the seed. Cannabis seeds should be purchased from a quality seller that you know and trust. Because cannabis seeds thrive in warm climates with an air temperature between 70 and 90°, it is recommended that you germinate the cannabis seed indoors so that you can control the climate. However, if you live in a climate with these conditions, you can plant the seeds outside without germinating indoors.
Cannabis seeds or germinated sprouts should be planted about 6 feet apart so that they have plenty of room to grow without being restricted.
Watering and Caring
Once the sprouts have begun to appear, you will need to care for them by providing adequate water and a warm, humid climate. If you already live in a warm, humid climate, then you may not need to provide anything additional at this point except for water. However, if your climate is too wet or too cool, you may need to build enclosures to keep your cannabis plants protected, as well as construct a drainage system to keep the cannabis plants from being overwatered.
One of the best ways to make sure your cannabis plants receive the right amount of water is by watering them liberally each morning so that they have water to last them throughout the day. Even if it rains, the extra water should not hurt them, especially if they are in a greenhouse enclosure.
The Advanced Method of Growing a Cannabis Farm
Like most areas in life, technology has allowed farming to operate like a well-oiled machine. If you don’t want to plant and harvest by hand, you don’t have to. Even if you don’t have favorable conditions for cannabis to grow, technology has allowed us to create conditions in which cannabis will thrive.
The concept will be the same for cannabis cultivation. You will have to plant, germinate, and grow cannabis using soil, water, and air; however, there is an advanced technology that will help expedite the process.
This method may cost more upfront, but you will have the ability to control all areas of the farming process. This includes climate, lighting, watering, soil nutrition, and pest control. You will likely need to use farm and agriculture equipment that is food-grade and designed for producing vegetation. This will ensure the equipment you receive can control each area of the farming process without cutting any corners.
Use a Hydroponic System
A hydroponic system is a farming system that does not use soil. Instead, the seeds are germinated in water, where they take root. Hydroponic systems are highly desirable because they rapidly-produce a stronger-quality crop. This means you can double or triple your cannabis harvest in the same time that it takes a traditional cannabis farm to harvest.
Methods of hydroponic systems can be active or passive.
An active hydroponic system means that there is a programmed manner in which the cannabis root is being fed. It is a direct method of feeding nutrient-rich water to the cannabis roots with no restrictions or limitations.
Active hydroponic systems include the following:
- Ebb and flow (flood and drain)
- Nutrient film technique (NFT)
- Drip feed
- Deep water culture/bubbler system
A passive hydroponic system is called a wick system or wicking. Wicking is where a reservoir of water is placed underneath the cannabis plants and uses a wick to connect the water to the plants in the tray. The wick passively waters the plant through a slow and indirect process, whereas the active hydroponic system waters the plants directly.
Which Method Will You Choose?
Cannabis farming can be as basic or as advanced as you choose. If you have a large tract of land where you can easily plant cannabis seeds, you can easily grow a cannabis farm business in just a few short months and become a top contender in the blazing marijuana economy.
If an area of land is not readily available, you can easily grow a cannabis farm by using a hydroponic system. The hydroponic system will allow you to control the environment of your cannabis farm, as well as produce a harvest in a quicker time than you would with large cannabis farms. So, which one will you choose to grow your cannabis operation and farming business?
How to Grow Plants from Seeds without Stress
There’s something a little daunting about growing plants from seeds. Cuttings are doable. Baby plants that grow into adult ones are easy enough to handle. But seeds? It all just seems so technical, so serious; the kind of thing that can only be achieved by people who’ve spent their lives working the land.
Well, it’s not. In fact, learning how to grow plants from seeds is no different from learning how to grow plants in fabric pots, or learning how to garden in the winter, or learning how to cultivate succulents on your balcony. All you need to get going is the appropriate equipment and a few solid tips. So, here we go…
Tip 1: How to see if a seed is good
Naturally, not all seeds operate in exactly the same way, which means trying to offer a blanket way of testing the viability of your seed is fairly impossible. Having said that, there are of course many similarities between most seeds. Most seeds will respond to a quick water test. Simply leave your seeds sitting in a container of water for about 15 minutes and if they sink, then they’re good to go. But if you find them floating, then it’s doubtful anything will sprout. Just remember, don’t leave them in the water for any longer than 15 minutes, because you might end up causing some internal damage.
Another test you can run on any seed is the germination test. Take around 10 seeds from the batch you intend to plant. These 10 will act as a sample for the entire batch. Place the 10 seeds on a damp paper towel, fold it over to cover the seeds, and place the whole thing in a sealable plastic bag. Leave them somewhere warm for about 10 days, but avoid direct sunlight and keep checking on them every now and then to make sure the paper towel remains moist. Please note…”moist”, not “wet”. If at least half of your seeds begin to germinate within that time, then you can assume that the whole batch is ready for planting.
Tip 1b: Seeds for Weed
And what about cannabis seeds? As our Spring Pot range is particularly good for growing cannabis, we thought it might be helpful to focus specifically on how to see if a cannabis seed is ready to plant or ready to go nowhere. Soooo…
Healthy cannabis seeds are dark in color. We’re talking brown, black, or grey. They’re coated in a light waxy sheen, which makes them shine a little in the light. Their shells are pretty tough. If you squeeze one between your thumb and finger, it shouldn’t collapse or break. It should also be flawless… no cracks, no holes, no strange-looking marks. If we’ve described your seed, then you can be pretty sure you’re holding onto something you can grow.