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Did You Know Hemp Seeds Can Help You Lose Weight? What Are These Seeds? Know More

Hemp seeds can help those suffering from constipation. Insoluble fibers that are present in the hemp seed can also provide relief from diarrhea. On the other hand, soluble fibers, stimulate the production of bile juice, which in turn reduces the amount of LDL cholesterol.

Hemp seeds and their several health benefits

Highlights

  • Hemp seeds have a mild and a nutty flavor
  • Hemp oil is made by pressing the hemp seeds
  • Hemp seeds or hemp seed oil may lower the blood pressure level

Hemp seeds which is considered as one of the super foods are the seeds from the the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. Hemp seeds are tiny brown seeds extremely nutritious and rich in proteins, healthy fats and various minerals. They have a mild, nutty flavor and are often referred to as hemp hearts. Hemp is a widely utilized and diverse industrial crop in the world. The fiber content in the seeds is considered to be the longest and most durable of all the natural fibers. It can even be grown without any deadly herbicides or pesticides. Hemp seed oil or hemp oil is made by pressing the hemp seeds. These seeds aid in digestion, balance the hormones and improve metabolism. You can sprinkle them on your foods, salads and ground them into powder and add it in your milk.

Hemp seeds have a mild and a nutty flavor
Photo Credit: iStock

Have a look at some of the health benefits of hemp seeds:

1. Healthy heart: Heart diseases are the number one cause of death all over the world. Including hemp seeds in your diet may lower the risk of heart disease. The hemp seeds contain amino acid arginine in high quantities which produces nitric oxide in your body. As an added benefit, hemp seeds or hemp seed oil may lower the blood pressure level, help in speedy recovery after a heart attack and decrease the risk of blood clot formation.

2. Aids in digestion: Hemp seeds are the ideal dietary supplement as it contains a mix of soluble and insoluble fibers. As we all know that fiber is important for gastrointestinal health. The fiber in the hemp seeds feeds the probiotics in the stomach, hence keeping it healthy. As an added benefit, it is beneficial for people dealing with constipation. Just a handful of hemp seeds a day can help those suffering from constipation. Insoluble fibers that are present in the hemp seed can also provide relief from diarrhea. On the other hand, soluble fibers, stimulate the production of bile juice, which in turn reduces the amount of LDL cholesterol.

3. Joint pain and arthritis: A study published in the Journal of Ethno pharmacology took a look at the hemp seed oil’s effects on arthritis and joint pain. They concluded that the hemp seed oil has anti-arthritic effects, which can help patients suffering from its symptoms and other joint pains. One tablespoon of hemp seed oil daily along with a quality fish oil can do wonders for people who are suffering with some sort of joint pain.

Hemp seed oil has anti-arthritic effects
Photo Credit: iStock

4. Improved skin: Instead of using skin ointments for skin damage one can use hemp seeds for skin ailments. The essential vitamins, minerals and most importantly the presence of omega 3 fatty acids can improve skin conditions like eczema. You can incorporate hemp seeds in your daily skin care routine for healthy skin.

You can incorporate hemp seeds in your daily skin care routine
Photo Credit: iStock

5. Weight loss: Hemp is fibre rich and a natural appetite suppressant, therefore it can help you feel full for longer and reduce hunger cravings. Simply adding four tablespoons of hemp seeds to your breakfast will help curb the excess hunger all day long. This is due to the fiber content in hemp seeds, which promotes satiety and in turn controls your weight.

Hemp seeds promote weight loss
Photo Credit: iStock

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

Will My Vegetable Seedlings Survive This Weekend’s Cold?

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Estoy de Acuerdo / I agree

Seedlings that have emerged from the soil should be protected with mulch or row cover.

If you are an eager gardener, you may have already sown seeds of cold hardy crops such as garden and snow peas, spinach, radish, and carrots in the garden. You are not too early. In fact, NC State Extension’s Vegetable Planting Calendar recommends sowing these and several other crops in February in central NC. But now we are expecting a true arctic blast for the weekend, with temperatures in the low teens on their way. How will this affect your seeds?

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If sown in the ground, cold hardy seeds should survive this weekend’s freeze without damage. Though air temperatures are predicted to drop into the teens, soil temperatures will remain much warmer thanks to the ground’s ability to store heat. If you are worried this may not be enough, you can cover the soil over any seeds you have sown with a 2-3” layer of dry, loose mulch or straw. For added protection, cover the mulch with a layer of frost protection cloth or an old blanket and stake it down to prevent it blowing away.

Seeds sown in containers will be more vulnerable to cold damage. This is because containers do not have the mass needed to retain heat and will cool several degrees below soil temperatures. Containers sitting on a raised deck will be most vulnerable as they will not benefit from warmth stored in the ground and will freeze more rapidly. To protect seeds and seedlings sown in containers, move the containers into an unheated shelter such as a garage or garden shed, or push it up against the south facing wall of your home. If containers cannot be moved, wrap several layers of old blankets around and over them.

Seeds that have already germinated, particularly those that have green sprouts above soil level, will be more vulnerable to cold damage than those that have not. Any green shoots or tissue above ground level should be protected. Lay row cover fabric, blankets, or double layers of plastic directly over crops or build a low frame or hoops out of PVC or other materials to create a mini greenhouse over crops. Uncover crops as soon as milder temperatures return.

Another way to protect young seedlings is to carefully and completely cover them with loose dry mulch such as straw or leaves. Just remember to remove the mulch when temperatures return to normal. Mulches insulating effect works both ways – it minimizes cooling during extreme cold but also slows soil warming when air temperatures rise.

Seedlings in containers will be more prone to cold injury than those in the ground.

How Can I Tell If My Seeds Were Damaged?

If two to three weeks pass and there is no sign of germination from seeds sown before the cold snap dig a few seeds up and examine them. If they are mushy or darkened, re-sow the crop. If the seeds appear sound, give them another week, or test a few by sowing them in a container and bringing it inside, where warmth will cause the seeds to germinate much faster if they are still viable. If seeds don’t germinate within another week or when brought indoors, re-sow.

Fortunately seed are relatively inexpensive so it is worth the risk to sow crops early. Some years you will lose the early sowings and have to replant. Other years you will succeed and reap the benefits, which include earlier harvest and reduced pest and disease pressure.

Understanding Temperature Affects On Seed Germination

Germination, or sprouting, begins when a seed absorbs water, causing it to swell. This sets off a chain reaction of processes inside the seed that cannot be reversed. If a seed is damaged by cold temperatures, drowns or dries out after germination begins it is not likely to survive and grow.

Germination is directly related to moisture and temperature. Seeds cannot germinate without moisture – this is why pre-soaking seeds speeds sprouting. Soil moisture levels have certainly been adequate, and often excessive this winter so if you have already sown seeds outdoors it is highly unlikely lack of moisture has been a barrier to germination.

Temperatures are equally important for seed germination, with soil temperatures more critical to seed germination than air temperatures – though air temperatures become very important once new sprouts emerges from the soil. Seeds will not germinate until soil temperatures reach a minimum point, and germination rates will be highest within an optimum range.

The minimum and optimum range varies for each species and is documented for most vegetables. For example, garden peas will begin to germinate when soil temperatures reach 40 degrees F, with optimum germination occurring between 40 – 75 degrees F. Other vegetables that begin germination at 40 degrees F include radish, carrots, cabbage, and turnips. Onions and lettuce can even germinate at soil temperatures as low as 35 degrees! See this chart of soil temperature conditions for vegetable seed germination provided by the Alabama Extension System.

Soil temperature is an important factor in deciding when to sow vegetables. Learn more about how you can monitor soil temperatures in your area.

Learn More!

More great tips on helping garden and landscape plants survive cold weather are covered in this Chatham Gardener post.

For tips on helping plants survive extreme cold, visit this Chatham Gardener post from the record-setting cold event of Feb. 2015.

Learn more about early spring vegetable gardening:

Use Extension Search to find research based information from Cooperative Extension systems across the U.S.

Extension Gardener classes and workshops teach science-based, sustainable gardening principles and practices for central NC. Sign up for upcoming classes.

Help spread science-based, sustainable gardening information and advice in your community by becoming an Extension Master Gardener℠ volunteer! Learn more about the Extension Master Gardener Program in Chatham County

Visit your local N.C. Cooperative Extension center to learn more about gardening and landscape care. Find your county Extension center.

Subscribe to the Chatham Gardener email list to receive timely updates on sustainable lawn, garden, and landscape care for the central NC Piedmont.

How to plant grass seed: A simple guide to success

Lawns are everywhere. Some are highly tended; others, not so much. My own lawn is a mixed planting of three types of turf grass (Kentucky blue, fescue, and perennial rye grass), clover, violets, ground ivy, and various other “weeds”, which is exactly how I like it (and so do the resident honey bees and bumble bees!). Regardless of how perfectionistic you are about your lawn, at one point or another, you’ll find yourself needing to plant grass seed. Whether it’s to fill in a bare spot left behind by Fido or a wayward snowplow, or to install a brand-new lawn after a construction project, learning how to plant grass seed is a necessity for most homeowners. This article offers a simple guide to success, no matter the reason for your reseeding efforts.

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There are many different types of lawn grasses. Be sure to choose varieties that are suited to your climate.

Start with the best type of grass for your climate

As a professional horticulturist and a former landscaper, I’ve seeded dozens of brand-new lawns over the years, and I’ve over-seeded bare spots in hundreds more. No matter how large or how small your job is, success always starts with selecting the best grass seed for your region. Different grass species thrive in different climates. There are cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. The label of the package will tell you which grass varieties are included. It will also tell you whether or not there is a starter fertilizer included. Do not choose a blend that includes weed control products. They could harm young seedlings.

Which grass seed is best for your yard also depends on the amount of sunlight it receives. I suggest contacting a local garden center or feed store and speaking with them about the best options for your region. There are also some useful online maps with all the information you’ll need to choose the appropriate grass species for your growing conditions if you live in the US.

Some brands of grass seed come blended with a “filler” product intended to help you distribute the seed evenly and to act as a protective covering. I personally avoid these products because they are more costly than purchasing a bag of high-quality plain seed and they don’t cover as large of an area.

Preparing the ground for planting

After selecting and purchasing the seed, it’s time to prepare the soil for the planting process. This is a very important step in knowing how to plant grass seed successfully. The tender roots of young grass plants will not grow well in compacted soils so it’s essential that this step be done properly. Here are instructions for prepping the ground to overseed bare spots in an established lawn and instructions on how to prepare for planting grass seed in a large bare area.

Preparation for seeding a bare spot in the lawn: Begin by using a cultivator to remove the dead grass. If it’s a small spot, use a hand cultivator. If it’s a larger spot, use a diamond hoe or warren hoe. Then, dig up the area down to a depth of two or three inches with a shovel or trowel. Loosen the soil and break up any clumps.

To repair a “doggie spot” in your lawn, start by removing the dead grass.

Preparation for planting grass seed in a large bare area: If you want to know how to plant grass seed in larger areas successfully, begin by loosening the top three to five inches of soil. Use a rototiller for the job if it’s a very large lawn area. Use a shovel or hoe if it’s an area that’s just a few square feet.

For a smaller area, break up the soil using a warren hoe or a shovel. Larger areas may require a rototiller.

Whether the area is small or large, after loosening the soil, it’s time to rake it smooth. Use a bow rake or a seeding rake to further break up any soil clods and rake the soil out into fine particles and a smooth finish. Use the tines of the rake to smash any large clumps of dirt if necessary.

After loosening the soil, rake it out smoothly and break up any clumps.

The final step of site preparation for planting grass seed is to water the area well. Putting seed down on damp soil encourages speedy germination and provides immediate moisture to emerging roots.

Wetting the area before planting is an important step in the process.

How to plant grass seed

For small areas, use your hand to distribute the seed, flinging it out over the area. For large areas, use a walk-behind broadcast spreader or a hand-held hopper spreader to disperse the seed. It’s all too easy to put down too much seed, or conversely, not enough seed. When you’re finished, the grass seeds should be evenly spread over the soil surface. They should be about one-quarter to one-half inch apart (obviously no one expects you to actually measure – just eyeball it). If you sow grass seed too thickly, the plants will outcompete each other and their growth will suffer. If you don’t sow them thickly enough, weeds may move in.

In smaller areas, grass seed can be spread by hand. For large areas, use a mechanical spreader.

How to ensure good coverage

Sometimes it’s challenging to ensure ample coverage of grass seedlings. If you are using a drop spreader, I suggest distributing the seeds in one direction and then making a second pass in the perpendicular direction. This two-directional overseeding promotes more even grass seed germination and distribution. If you are spreading the seed by hand, it’s a bit easier to eye, but dropping the seeds from different angles helps.

What to put on top of newly planted grass seed

After the seeds are sown, cover them immediately to protect them from birds, keep them moist, and prevent them from washing away in a heavy rain. There are several different mulches you can use for the job. In my experience, straw (not hay, which can be filled with weed seeds), screened compost, or mushroom soil are prime choices. These products also act as soil amendments when they break down and can improve your soil’s fertility and structure. All three of these options are available from your local garden store or landscape supply center. Erosion mats are another option. They can easily be unrolled over the area with little mess and are biodegradable, though they’re also a good bit more expensive than the previous choices. Peat moss is not a good idea because it can repel water once it has dried out.

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No matter what you choose to use to cover grass seed, more is definitely not better. One-quarter of an inch is about as thick as you should go. Compost and mushroom soil are great for covering fall-seeded lawns. Their dark color absorbs the sun’s heat and keeps the soil warm all night long. This speeds germination and encourages rapid lawn establishment prior to winter’s arrival.

After spreading the seed, cover the area with a mulch of straw, fine compost, or mushroom soil.

How long does it take for grass seed to germinate

Some varieties of turfgrass take longer to germinate than others. For example, perennial rye grass germinates in as little as 3 to 5 days, fescues take more like 10 days, Kentucky bluegrass takes 2 to 3 weeks, and warm-season grasses like centipede, Bermuda, and zoysia grasses can take over a month. If your grass seed is a mixture of varieties, know that not all of them will germinate at the same time. To encourage good germination and a healthy start no matter which type of grass seed you planted, it’s critical that you keep the seeded area and the young plants well-watered until they are established. See the section below on watering for more info on how and when to water new grass.

Water newly planted grass in well and keep it watered until it’s established.

Planting grass seed in fall

In many climates, the best time to plant grass seed is in the autumn. The still-warm soil of late August, September, October, or November encourages optimum root growth, while the cooling air temperatures discourage excessive top growth. This is perfect for establishing lawn grasses and promoting extensive root growth. It also makes the turf more resistant to drought and better able to access nutrients in the soil. In addition, in most regions, fall also brings increased amounts of rainfall. This means you won’t have to lug out the hose and sprinkler as often.

It’s time to plant grass seed in the fall when nighttime temperatures drop down to about 60 degrees F. Keep an eye on the forecast. Opt for sowing grass seed when there’s a day or two of rain predicted.

Planting grass seed in spring

Spring is another great time to seed the lawn. It’s particularly good if you live where springs are long and cool. For spring planting, it’s absolutely essential that you continue to regularly water the seed and the sprouted grass through the remainder of the spring, summer, and well into the fall. Establishment failures are often connected to improper watering. Early summer is another possible time, but you’ll need to water more often.

How often to water grass seed after planting

Water newly planted grass seed daily if the weather is over 80 degrees F. Every other day is a good watering schedule if temperatures are cooler. Prior to germination, wet the top inch or so of soil. But, once the grass seed germinates and begins to grow, reduce the frequency of irrigation but water more deeply. Once your new grass is about two inches tall, reduce your watering schedule to once or twice a week, but water until the ground is wet down to a depth of about three inches.

Once grass is fully established, stop irrigation all together, unless there’s a prolonged period of drought. When it comes to watering established lawns, it’s always better to water less frequently but very deeply. Always water lawn in the morning, if possible, to reduce the chance of fungal disease issues.

Young grass plants can be mowed when they are 3 inches tall.

When is it safe to mow new grass?

Mow new grass when it reaches a height of about 3 inches. Mow high through the first growing season (3 to 4 inches). Make sure your mower blades are sharp (here’s my favorite sharpening tool) so they cut the grass cleanly, rather than tearing it which can create an entryway for disease.

When to fertilize new grass

When learning how to plant grass seed, many people think you should add fertilizer at planting time. This is not a good practice however, because fertilizers (especially salt-based synthetic lawn fertilizers) can burn tender young grass roots. Instead, top-dress the lawn with compost (here’s how) or use an organic granular lawn fertilizer instead of a synthetic brand. You can start to fertilize new lawns after you’ve mowed the grass 6 times.

Now that you know how to plant grass seed, it’s easy to see how doing it right can make all the difference. Follow the steps outlined above and you’ll have a healthy, thriving lawn instead of one that’s struggling.

For more on growing a beautiful landscape, please visit the following articles:

Reader Interactions

Comments

What do you suggest for slugs. I have huge issues worth them this summer. I have switched to a battery lawnmower vs. gas. Would the gas have killed them in the past? Anyway I planted triple rye seed this fall and found hundreds of them.I have been going out at night and scooping them up with a spoon and dumping them in soapy water but I never beat them just control them somewhat. Thanks kindly for any advice.

Annwen mazetti says

I see you don’t compost the soil. Just want to double check that that is ok – do I really only need to topdres?

If your home is new construction then I would suggest working compost into the area. But, if you have an existing lawn, there’s really no absolute need. It doesn’t hurt to add compost prior to planting, though.

Amy Conley says

What do you suggest for moles that are destroying my yard and therefore my grass? It needs to be safe around pets.